Contact Us
Sign In / Sign Up for FREE
Go to advanced search...

Chemical Regulation Policies - Essay Example

Comments (0) Cite this document
Negotiations within the international political arena are often contentious and can become acrimonious. The reason lies in that the variant actors, or parties to the negotiations represent different, possibly, divergent viewpoints, have conflicting agendas and believe the realization of their national interests to lie in a specific position, not an alternative to it or a compromise upon it…
Download full paperFile format: .doc, available for editing
GRAB THE BEST PAPER97.8% of users find it useful
Chemical Regulation Policies
Read TextPreview

Extract of sample "Chemical Regulation Policies"

Download file to see previous pages This is precisely the case with the Kyoto Protocol and the supposedly universal or global policy on the use of chemicals and their disposal, it gave rise to. Focusing on the mentioned, this research paper will undertake a comparative analysis of chemical policies in both the EU and the United States, highlighting, not just the extent to which divergent national interests and goals directed both negotiations and their outcomes but the extent to which the aforementioned ultimately lends to differing degrees of commitment to international agreements and, accordingly, different implementation methods.
Growing concern over global warming and the impact of chemical waste on environmental conditions was one of the factors which incited the Kyoto Protocol and which the mentioned agreement supposedly dealt with. As Litfin (1997) notes, negotiations, although contentious, ultimately led to agreement between the variant parties, as an immediate outcome of the realization that, irrespective of national boundaries which effectively imposed national sovereignty upon different segments of the environment, the latter was, in essence, a global common. Accordingly, negotiations over chemical regulations, or any such threat to the environment, had to unfold from within the parameters of that realization; and needed to be founded on an awareness of the transnational nature of environmental issues and the associate imperatives of, not just trans-Atlantic environmental policy agreements but, on global environmental policy agreements (Litfin, 1997).
The United States, as did the member states of the European Union, ultimately conceded to the Kyoto Protocols and declared that it would adhere to its chemical regulation policy recommendations. Prior to implementation, however, the United States, in direct comparison to the European union member states, withdrew its agreement through a refusal to ratify the Kyoto Protocols and a subsequent declaration to the effect that it would not adhere to it (Bierman and Dingwerth, 2004). Even as it officially denied the phenomenon of global warming and the role of chemical emissions and waste played therein, the United States determined that the cost of adherence to chemical regulation policies, as defined and designed by the Kyoto Protocol, carried an economically unsustainable cost (Stoett, 2004; Bierman and Dingwerth, 2004. Given the marked, even remarkable difference between the stance adopted by the United States versus that adopted by the European Union, a comparative and critical analysis of the forces which motivated and governed either position is important.
The Nature of Policies
In any given policy area there is a range of choices and instruments which policy makers use to design the policy is most suited to their country, their economy and the policy's target group- in this case, the chemical industry. As Elliott (2001) explains, this means that environmental policies which are designed and negotiated on the international level are not binding treaties, equivalent to international law. Instead, they are recommendations and objectives. Moreover, because ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
Cite this document
  • APA
  • MLA
(“Chemical Regulation Policies Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 3250 words”, n.d.)
Retrieved from
(Chemical Regulation Policies Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 3250 Words)
“Chemical Regulation Policies Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 3250 Words”, n.d.
  • Cited: 0 times
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment or rate a document

CHECK THESE SAMPLES OF Chemical Regulation Policies

Chemical enginering

... What is your intended major? Every person has his own reasons for choosing his particular occupation. This occupation can be a source of income or a hobby. But regardless of the reason the idea of being on the right place doing what is necessary is the force driving people forward to new horizons. In my case, I was influenced to become a chemical engineer by both the society I live in and my family. I started to think about my future when I was only fourteen. One of my friends invited me to attend his graduation ceremony at UC Berkeley. When his name was called he proudly walked up the stage and received his first class honour degree certificate in biology. The ceremony was simply fascinating and the deep impression lasted for years. I...
4 Pages(1000 words)Personal Statement

Chemical Dependency

...? Determinants of Substance Abuse School: Determinants of Substance Abuse Substance abuse has remained a major concern among groups of all ages. Throughout an ordinary day in 2006, the following numbers of youths took the following substances: 7,970 took alcohol, 4,348 took illicit drugs, 4082 smoked cigarettes and 2517 took pain relievers without a doctor’s prescription (Johnston et al., 2010). The smoking of marijuana increased across learners, including those of 8th, 10th and 12th grade, during the time between year 2009 and 2010. Among 12th grade students, the smoking of marijuana was at its peak, because 6.1 percent of school seniors consumed marijuana (UDHHS, 2010). In 2009, people between 18 and 25 had the highest levels... Determinants...
4 Pages(1000 words)Research Paper

Chemical Dependency

The center of attention was on to investigate that if ingestion disorder behaviors be capable to be found in an inpatient chemical dependency test, it was revealed to research team that intake disorders might possibly co-exist with chemical dependency. This discovery ropes the substantive theory that intake chaos and chemical dependency co-subsist
"Marijuana" is a blend of dehydrated, worn flora and foliage of the hemp plant "Cannabis sativa." (Jenkins) All variety of marijuana's comprises hallucinogenic property that is derived from the foliage and branch and additional prominently, from the blossom or flora of the plant. The mainly intoxicating type of marijuana known as "hashish" (Jenkins) is obtained from the resin recove...
3 Pages(750 words)Essay

Chemical Synapses

...Discuss the Processes that must Occur at the End of a PRESYNAPTIC AXON to Cause the Release of a Neurotransmitter and then the Effects the Neurotransmitter has on the POSTSYNAPTIC NEURON to Cause that Neuron to form Action Potentials. The transmission of information at chemical synapses involves the release of a neurotransmitter from a presynaptic cell, diffusion across the synaptic cleft, and binding of the neurotransmitter to specific receptors on the postsynaptic membrane to produce a change in membrane potential. In chemical synapses, there is a gap between the presynaptic cell membrane and the postsynaptic cell membrane, known as the synaptic cleft. Information is transmitted across the synaptic cleft via a neurotransmitter...
2 Pages(500 words)Essay

Chemical Principles

(a) ClOF4- Cl has 7 electrons in its outer most shell. 5 electrons shared with the atoms around it while there is one lone pair. This means that there are a total of 6 electron domains. Therefore the shape is square pyramidal and the hybridization is sp3d2.
(b) (CH3)2TeCl2 It has 6 electrons in its outer most shell. 4 of them are shared with the molecules around it while 2 are the lone pairs. This indicates that there are a total of 5 electron domains. Therefore Te has an sp3d hybridization having the molecular shape of see-saw. And a bond angle of 90 and 120.
(c) ICl2- The ICL2- molecule has I as Iodine has Iodine as its central atom. The iodine molecule has 7 electrons, two of which have been donated to the...
5 Pages(1250 words)Assignment

Chemical sensor

... to regulate glucose uptake and subsequent concentration within the body. Such reliable and portable clinical monitoring device has remained imperative in not only advancing health care provision but also improving diabetic patient’s mortality rates (Harsanyi, 2010, p 257). Besides vitality in monitoring diabetic conditions of patients at convenience within homes, amperometric glucose sensors have encouraged research in potential treatment of diabetes. Contemporary studies focus on suitable ways of controlling insulin delivery systems to help in overcoming existing challenges for treatment of diabetes. Therefore, amperometric glucose sensors have remained authoritative in both diagnosis of diabetes and its subsequent treatment. Thus...
12 Pages(3000 words)Essay

Western Policies have Lead to Islamic Fundamentalism

It was used to producing a generation of colonialists’ tutored primarily to take over the lands that they were being taught about. The purpose of their academics was to make them familiar with the land and the people, and in turn, bring about their conquest.

Second, Edward Said discusses how by defining ‘Orientalism’ the Western scholars were actually defining themselves. By constantly pointing out the differences between the ‘East’ and the ‘West’, Orientalists themselves produced a divide. The West being liberated, open, and innovative; while the East is portrayed as backward, confined, and superstitious. This continuous brainwashing gave the future ‘liberators’ of...
8 Pages(2000 words)Book Report/Review

Justifying Increased Regulation in Large Companies - Imposing a Strict Regulation on Pharmaceutical Industry

 PPRS continuously provides a stable framework to ensure the publics’ access to affordable new medicines. (Department of Health, 2007) In line with this goal, GSK acknowledges that improvements can be made to the existing pricing scheme.

As a major consumer product, this study will discuss the importance of having a price regulation within the pharmaceutical industry. Several factors that could affect the competition in the branded pharmaceutical market will be elaborate to give us a good insight with regards to the pricing of medicines. In line with the importance of having imposed a price regulated on medicines, the author will discuss the negative effects of not regulating the generic medicines as well as...
11 Pages(2750 words)Case Study

Macro Economic Policies of the French and German Governments

In contrast, the Socialist Partys Ségolène Royal has made large spending promises which would cost, according to estimates by the Economist (2006), €49 billion per year by 2012. That is almost a third more than the expenditure planned by the current government, and there are questions as to whether the faltering French economy will be able to support such levels of expenditure.
In the three months to September 2006, the quarterly GDP growth rate was zero, when the Bank of France had forecast growth of half a percent. Many economists believe that the flat growth in the third quarter of the year was merely a correction from the 1.2% growth in the second quarter, a view that was born out by 0.7% growth in the...
11 Pages(2750 words)Assignment

How Effective Are the Current Environment and Ethical/Social Policies of Tesco

 Tesco has been accused of indulging in unfair and monopolistic activities, unethical price of price undercutting thus creating a squeeze on the competition and the local farming community. The volumes of goods traded and retailed leave a large carbon footprint. However, Tesco has stood it is for quite some time now by creating and implementing policies for ethical and responsible for not only fending media accusations but also by stating, and implementing ethical and social policies.

According to Walley (2005), sustainable practices are best developed with an interplay of forces outside organizations like laws, regulations, and competition and organizational policies like governance, and social and ethical practic...
10 Pages(2500 words)Assignment

Does Terrorism Work as a Means of Changing World Policies

That is the dilemma associated with terrorism--- the double-edged weapon. The old saying that one man's terrorist is another man's freedom fighter, is still in vogue. A man belonging to Al-Qaeda can be a so-called freedom fighter for Bin-Laden but for President George Bush Government, he is simply a terrorist, who spills the blood of the innocents.

The basic and the debatable question here is whether terrorism really works in the present scenario in changing the Governments and their opinions? There appears to be a number of instances across the globe wherein it has been felt that terrorists, except killing innocents and making media headings and stories, have generally failed in their deadly mission in toppling the dem...
7 Pages(1750 words)Report

The Globalization Policies in Different Countries

...International trade International trade Introduction The Globalization, Liberalization and Privatization policies adopted by different countries, opened the doors widely open for international trade. Foreign investment and participation in business is welcomed by many countries. The consumers will get better products at cheap rates because of the competition in the market. For example, as per the economic principle, scarcity of a commodity creates demand in the market and hence the price of that commodity will go up. Because of the foreign participation in domestic market, the customers will never fee any scarcity and hence the prices will come down definitely. But most of the countries are still confused about the extent...
6 Pages(1500 words)Coursework

Australias Policies on Language and Multiculturalism

The state government is headed by the Premier (Government in Australia n.d.). Each state has its own electoral and educational system (Government in Australia n.d.). Composing the state are smaller political subdivisions or municipalities and run by the local governments called councils (Government in Australia n.d.).
Multiculturalism is an essential element of Australian society since it provides the framework for social goals that foster solidarity and upholds ideas, capacity and economic growth (Multiculturalism 1996). According to the South Australian Multicultural and Ethnic Affairs Commission Act of 1980, multiculturalism refers to the “policies and practices that recognize and respond to the ethnic diversity of t...
9 Pages(2250 words)Assignment

Chemical Castration

...Chemical Castration INTRODUCTION Sexual crime received an extensive attention from both the American public and policymakers during the last twenty years (Reddington and Kreisel, 2009). The federal government and state legislatures have enacted and implemented a variety of laws aimed at reducing sex crime rates and victimization. For example, the body of legislation directed against of sexual offense consists of residency restriction policies, community notification laws, sex offender registration norms and, of course, chemical castration. Practically, the number of chemical castration policies has multiplied for the last decade, and as Kruttschnitt et al. (2000) have explained policies emerged without having adequate empirical...
9 Pages(2250 words)Research Paper

Policies of Anwar Sadat during His Time in Office

... critics. Heifetz suggests that Anwar El Sadat was a man who defied the beliefs, ideologies and general assumptions that the people of his country had developed during the presidency of Gamal Abdel Nasser (34). One of the first and foremost decisions taken by Sadat as soon as he took office was to launch an idea of an internal change in the political and bureaucratic setup of Egypt by radically parting ways from the teachings of Nasserism, much to the dismay and surprise of those who had believed that Sadat was incapable of taking such decisions for he was always assumed to be in the shadow of leaders such as Nasser and Naguib. In his policy of “Corrective Revolution” that emerged in 1971, Sadat gradually worked upon strategies to weaken...
9 Pages(2250 words)Term Paper

Liberalized Trade and Export Orientated Policies in Agriculture

With liberalized trade and oriented policies in agri-commodities, it is the hope of many that the problem of hunger and poverty in developing states may be alleviated offering these countries an opportunity of feeding the entire population and defeating poverty (Hawkes, 2009). In the study, the researcher will evaluate how liberalized trade and export-oriented policies in agri-commodities offer LDCs the best prospects for tackling hunger and poverty with a particular focus on Kenya; a sub-Saharan developing country. The scope of the paper will include assessment of the problem in the country and evaluation of global regulation policies in relation to international trade and liberalization of international agriculture trade practic...
7 Pages(1750 words)Assignment

The Smoke Ban Policies

Ozarks technical college became amongst the first to see the smoke free policy implementation in 2003, and in accordance with a certain analyst, who assisted in drafting the initiative in this school, there was light feedback from the learners. The policy is easily implemented by not forcing the learners to quit the tendency. For one to be successful in implementing this kind of initiative there should be minimal opposition. The smoking prevalence decreased to 18.9% up from 24.4%in adults with the age of 18-24 from the year 2005 to the year 2011, in accordance with a research Centre (CDC). The age group is now among the ones with the lowest prevalence in smoking of age below 65. It was 6 years back; the group was highest in the sm...
6 Pages(1500 words)Term Paper
sponsored ads
We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.

Let us find you another Essay on topic Chemical Regulation Policies for FREE!

Contact Us