Nobody downloaded yet

How did France come to look like a consolidated democracy and why the fifth republic has been a relatively stable period in French history - Essay Example

Comments (0) Cite this document
As expressions of primordial human aspirations, freedom and order are the key components of the equation of politics. Beginning with Plato, political thought and the philosophy of law have generally treated them as antithetical, because both concepts proceed from mutually exclusive systems of value…
Download full paperFile format: .doc, available for editing
GRAB THE BEST PAPER95% of users find it useful
How did France come to look like a consolidated democracy and why the fifth republic has been a relatively stable period in French history
Read TextPreview

Extract of sample "How did France come to look like a consolidated democracy and why the fifth republic has been a relatively stable period in French history"

Download file to see previous pages This partly explains why democracies, unless the freedom on which they are founded is violated, are assumed to be poorly equipped to deal with threats to their security. This antinomy currently appears to be more pronounced as both terms of the alternative have been assuming new configurations.
In terms of security, two opposing trends are at work. There is on the one hand an overall sense of irenization of modern polities' internal and external order that is encapsulated in the image of the neo-Saint-Simonean "consensual/warless society," and the parent neo-Hegelian view of "'the end of history." At the domestic level, their sociopolitical foundations are no longer questioned, and conflicts over the management of the state are settled through electoral alternatives. At the external level, appeasement induced by nuclear deterrence and continued with the progress of disarmament policies was enhanced by the collapse of the communist system, which represented enmity for the West. On the other hand, a new and more ambivalent threat pattern emerged that increases the ubiquity of order and security issues. Within societies, deepening center-periphery tensions and sociological cleavages lead to the displacement of traditional civility by more frictional relationships. From without, menaces become more insidious, discontinuous, and multifocal, and less predictable and identifiable than before the end of bipolarity, extending on the low-intensity side of the violence spectrum and assuming unconventional aspects. Concomitantly, old-fashioned institutions and instruments of violence management, doctrines, and protocols ruling their employment, and their articulations with the state appearing less suitable and effective, call for other less orthodox means based on preemption, swiftness, and secrecy, which are generally at variance with the democratic process.
The concept of democracy has been evolving also. Karl Mannheim, T. H. Marshall, and more recently Edward Shils have described its logic in advanced polities. First, rights have been extended and their nature modified to encompass almost every aspect of the individual's life. Formerly limited to civic and political contents, they became economic and social, and finally sociological and cultural so as to include security. Second, the beneficiaries of these rights, once very few, have been extended to include the farthest peripheries of the social system (even beyond, in that advocates of the so-called "natural contract" or "deep ecology" also include animals and the environment). Thus, those who until recently would not have been judged as legitimate recipients of such rights, either because they were unable to enjoy them--e.g., the child, those mentally impaired, or immigrants, or those legally deprived such as delinquents--are now considered full members of the polity. Democratic rights, in other words, are seen as belonging to everyone, partisans as well as adversaries of democracy. Saint-Just's famous utterance, "no freedom for the enemy of freedom," would not be applicable today. Democracy has become a holistic concept, no longer defined in a discrete manner, be it in terms of the rights composing it or in terms of its titulars.
The dilemma, then, is obvious. The rightful exigency for order and ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
Cite this document
  • APA
  • MLA
(“How did France come to look like a consolidated democracy and why the Essay”, n.d.)
How did France come to look like a consolidated democracy and why the Essay. Retrieved from
(How Did France Come to Look Like a Consolidated Democracy and Why the Essay)
How Did France Come to Look Like a Consolidated Democracy and Why the Essay.
“How Did France Come to Look Like a Consolidated Democracy and Why the Essay”, n.d.
  • Cited: 0 times
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment or rate a document

CHECK THESE SAMPLES OF How did France come to look like a consolidated democracy and why the fifth republic has been a relatively stable period in French history

Democracy in Israel and France

...argue that Israel call for democracy is hypocritical, mainly because the Israel government refused to accept the 2006 election results, which were perceived to be free and fair ( Para 5). As a result, Israel is hypocritical when it claims that it is democratic, in the election process.  France is a Western European country, having a population of approximately 61million and is among the successful countries globally. It is a republic compromising of both presidential and parliamentary systems of government. It is considered democratic, with the parliament system being common; however, it has constitutional limits, which include the legislature’s power to bring...
7 Pages(1750 words)Research Paper

Elements of Democracy in France

.... In France, the freedom of speech exists but the law incriminates incitement or any form of wrongful incitement. France has pluralistic political system, which enhances accountability of the government. The freedom to vote for all individuals above 18 years enhances democracy in France. Works Cited Carcassonne, G 2002, The Principles of the French Constitution. [Online] Available at: [Accessed 31 Oct 2012]. Curran , V 2012, Balancing Freedom of Expression and Human Rights in France. Jurist Forum, 14 Feb, pp. Viewed 31 Oct 2012...
3 Pages(750 words)Essay

Modern French History

...became wary not just about the French expansionist ambitions but also about the developments in the country. Interstate conflicts such as the Crimean War flared in Europe. In addition, however, there was a widespread fear that the revolution would be replicated in each of the European countries. As a result European governments started cooperating and enforcing policies such as White Terror aimed at preventing the spread of democratization and nationalism. Many of European governments became more authoritarian, rejecting demands for constitutions, electoral and social democracy and national self-determination (Hampson and Crocker, 167). With the French Revolution, the concept of a new...
4 Pages(1000 words)Essay

Plato's The Republic Criticism of Democracy

...The Weakness of Democracy in Plato's Republic One of the greatest minds in Western Philosophical thought is Plato. His work has continuously been referred to in many areas of philosophy. More importantly, Plato's work has, until this very day, exerted certain influences not just on modern thought but on today's society as well. One area of Plato's philosophy that has often been discussed is his views on politics and on the most suitable and best form of government. This may probably be considered as the most debatable and scandalizing area of his philosophy. In his work, Plato has explicitly stated his...
5 Pages(1250 words)Essay

French History

...Although France has made great technological and economic progress in the twentieth century, her political influence has been much reduced. Trace this decline from 1900 to the present." The 1900s may very well be called as the period which laid the groundwork for France’s decline in international political stage. This was the era marked with instability that severely weakened the French state. The series of “Republics” which followed the fall of the last French empire were mostly experimental systems. The political instability generated by several transitions was highlighted in the 3rd...
2 Pages(500 words)Essay

Is Poland a consolidated democracy a stable democracy (Davies 3). An emergent democracy must go through two democratic, as well as a peaceful turnover governing parties in order to become a stable democracy. Poland has undergone these changes, and it can be sternly ranked as a consolidated democracy (Davies 4). Poland, in 1989-1991, endorsed a democratic transition that put an end to the Polish Peoples Republic and created a democratic regime, which was referred to as the Polish Third Republic. After a decade of democratic consolidation, this country joined NATO, in 1999, along with...
5 Pages(1250 words)Research Paper

History of Modern France

...that has been applied everywhere in the world which focuses on ensuring equality for everyone including workers and women amongst other special interest groups. 2. Discuss the developments that occurred in France from February through December 1848 a) The short- term causes that led to revolution in February With the French middle-class closely following the changes that were occurring in Britain such as the Britain Reform Act of 1832 with keen interest, they decried the state of unemployment, which pushed even the skilled laborers to be classified as proletariats (Popkin, 2013). The only amendment that they could see was the abolishing of child labor especially...
8 Pages(2000 words)Essay

France History

... claim is valid, as well as the rationale she provides in establishing his argument. In the essay, the writer has outlined the positive effects brought about by French revolution and Haiti revolution. As a way of illustrating, he argued that the French revolution has inspired the American Revolution. In addition, he has stated how declaration of freedom was written. It resulted into freedom from slavery in both Haiti and France. In my opinion, these illustrations were explained properly. Furthermore, the writers attempt to explain the hierarchy of leadership and challenges affecting the two countries; creates a clear impression. From my point of view, discrimination of slaves as being less human is ruthless. It goes a long way... Trickle...
4 Pages(1000 words)Essay

French History

...should mention about more clauses and with that there should be logical explanations as to how this Declaration cannot be called as a perfect one. However, the writer has mentioned that this Declaration induced people to speculate on why things are the way they are. I feel here there should have been a brief mention of the positive elements of the Declaration to bring out the logic of the final statement of this section. In the next section, the writer has briefly explained how Haitian Revolution was partly sparked by the French Revolution. I feel this section has been quite clear about...
4 Pages(1000 words)Essay

Indias Stable Democracy Puzzle

...India’s Stable Democracy Puzzle According to the trends observed in the world from time in history, only those poor countries that have able and authoritarian leaders attain democracy. On the other hand, rich countries have been known to maintain democratic regimes that have been associated with their tremendous economic success. Being a country where poverty, as well as illiteracy, are widespread, it can only be a puzzle as to why the country has been able to maintain it democratic regime. For democracy to be achieved, a country needs to have some level of social welfare...
4 Pages(1000 words)Essay
sponsored ads
We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.

Let us find you another Essay on topic How did France come to look like a consolidated democracy and why the fifth republic has been a relatively stable period in French history for FREE!

Contact Us