StudentShare
Contact Us
Sign In / Sign Up for FREE
Search
Go to advanced search...

Principles of Structural Design - Essay Example

Comments (0) Cite this document
Summary
Despite the great developments in civil engineering and architecture science, structural failures continue to occur, often accompanied by great human and economic loss. This paper is intended to introduce the subject of failure analysis and familiarize you with the principles of structural design…
Download full paperFile format: .doc, available for editing
GRAB THE BEST PAPER97.9% of users find it useful
Principles of Structural Design
Read TextPreview

Extract of sample "Principles of Structural Design"

Download file to see previous pages Analysis of a structural collapse involves the study of the basic architectural principles, properties and operation of the different components of the structure, as well as knowledge of different possible causes of structural failure.
The Seongsu Bridge is 11th bridge constructed over the Han River in Seoul, South Korea. Construction of this cantilever bridge was set about on April 9, 1977 and completed on October 15, 1979, 2 years and 6 months later. It was a four-lane bridge with 19.4m width and 1,160.8m length [20].
It became infamous when it collapsed on October 21, 1994. The bridge collapsed early in the morning when one of its concrete slabs fell in to river due to a failure of the suspension structure. Around 07:40 hours on October 21, 1994, Seongsu Bridge connecting Seongsu-dong and Apgujeong-dong of Gangnam-gu, Seoul, collapsed. The slab (48 m) between the fifth and the sixth leg of the Bridge collapsed so 32 people died and 17 people were injured while they were on the way to office or school.
Seongsu Bridge is one part of arterial road that connects the Kanan district which is residential section in the southern in Seoul City and city center of Seoul City, and its has a lot of traffic volume. The steel truss digit division where the accident occurred was the 672m length, and it was one of the suspension digits of the center part. ...
In addition, Seongsu Bridge complained that it had been trembling in motion, so the authorities in Seoul City also carried out the repair work of the emergency in the night in accident the previous day. It was said that the traffic jam arose, because especially, it was for commutation attending school hour in the accident-generation, and because the rain fell, the rolling stock was crowded [20].
Cause of collapse:
Various reasons can be associated with the collapse of bridge. Major of them are as listed below [19]:
Bad welding of the suspension which member of the I-type cross section, which was hanging the suspension digit of the center from the steel truss, seems to be a main cause.
There was visibility cutting corners between surface and splice plate of the fillet welding, so construction management and inspection method in the construction of Seongsu Bridge seemed to be remarkably slipshod.
Calcium chloride, which was scattered in order to prevent the road surface freezing, chloride ingress was uppued for the cracks by poor weld or stress corrosion, and so that the corrosion of steel product might be promoted.
There is a possibility to produce unexpected partial cracks in the steel surface because in the cross-sectional shape of suspension steel product, the cone angle ( the relaxation curved surface ) for easing stress concentration was insufficient.
Though there is no error at the content for the design, there was some possibility that the immature construction level was not sufficiently assumed.
There were no technical standards on in-service maintenance repair of Seongsu Bridge.
Because of the fiscal resource constraint (budget) of Seongsu Bridge while it was in service, the periodic check was ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
Cite this document
  • APA
  • MLA
  • CHICAGO
(“Principles of Structural Design Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 3750 words”, n.d.)
Principles of Structural Design Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 3750 words. Retrieved from https://studentshare.org/miscellaneous/1528819-principles-of-structural-design
(Principles of Structural Design Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 3750 Words)
Principles of Structural Design Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 3750 Words. https://studentshare.org/miscellaneous/1528819-principles-of-structural-design.
“Principles of Structural Design Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 3750 Words”, n.d. https://studentshare.org/miscellaneous/1528819-principles-of-structural-design.
  • Cited: 0 times
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment or rate a document

CHECK THESE SAMPLES OF Principles of Structural Design

Design principles

...? of Institute] of Discipline] ‘Design Principles’ Acknowledgements It is a pleasure for me to acknowledge the contributions of my respected instructor and family members in the formulation and printing of this report. Above their guidance, managerial and conceptual skills I thank them for their encouragement, patience and support. I am privileged to have attended the course of ‘Design Principles’ with Mr. Peter Sun as its instructor who made sure that each of his students got the clear perception and understanding of the concepts and skills of the principle concepts in the course. The establishment of perception of Practical systems was also a task the learning of which was an enormous milestone that we achieved in this course. I thank my...
22 Pages(5500 words)Essay

Art- Principles of Design

...? (YOUR (THE The Artist and the Principles of Design The principles of design in the different fields of art is a very complex matter because each design has its own meaning and accompanying interpretations with relations to the appropriate movement that that art form has fallen into. The concept of design is also different for several artists because, in a way, the subjective point-of-view is always prevalent in the minds of the particular artist. This essay will hence show the varying principles of design through three different artists and the respective art forms that they are engaged into. This paper will first discuss Luis Barragan’s Torri Satellites in the context of Modernist architecture. Then it will proceed to Benvenuto...
5 Pages(1250 words)Term Paper

Design Patterns - Behavioral, Creational, Structural

There are several classifications of design patterns - this essay focus on three designs, including memento for behavioral patterns, singleton for creational patterns and lastly facade for structural patterns. Memento Pattern This is a software design pattern that has the capability of bringing back an object to its initial state. As a pattern, it allows the initial state of an object to be restored without interfering with the rules of encapsulation. This means that the arising object can be designed appropriately, though it can be restored to its original state. Therefore, memento pattern has the ability of restoring the internal state of an object without breaking the encapsulation rules. As a behavioral pattern, Memento indic...
3 Pages(750 words)Research Paper

Structural design 1

...PAINTING AND SCULPTURE GALLERY Painting and Sculpture Gallery Introduction Building and construction is a major part of the world economy, buildings are used for housing people, housing business and factories. Building requires critical analysis so that they are able to support the immerse load applied by the materials, machines and people. There are two basic type of loading subjected on buildings; these are the live weight and the dead weight. Proper structural design must be done before erecting a house to ensure that after construction the columns and beams will be able to support the load imposed on these structural members. Failure to carry out proper structural design results to the building being too weak and it may collapse...
13 Pages(3250 words)Essay

Structural design for serviceability

... about the way structures are designed and executed (see Figure 6). It is assumed that people with appropriate qualifications, skill, and experience will choose the structural system, design the structure, and construct the works. It is also assumed that construction will be adequately supervised and quality controlled; and the structure will adequately be maintained and used in accordance with the design assumptions. Because they vary from country to country, EN 1990 gives no guidance as to what appropriate qualifications are needed to perform these tasks. Likewise, adequate supervision and control is not further defined in the Eurocode. Principles and Application Rules A distinctive feature of the structural Eurocodes...
2 Pages(500 words)Thesis

STRUCTURAL DESIGN

...Running head STRUCTURAL DESIGN STRUCTURAL DESIGN Structural Design Introduction Structural design entails the design and development of structures that aid in the support of building and resists the imposed loads on the building. Structural engineers play a major role in designing and appraising the architect design. They transform the architect work to a reality. Structural engineering is based on the engineers knowledge and understanding of the laws of physics as well as the empirical knowledge on structural performance of most building materials. Most of the complex structural systems are design using the basic structural elements and are either in tension or compression. Proper engineering design is required for all structural work...
10 Pages(2500 words)Essay

Principles of Database Design

...Principles of Database Design Principles Of Database Design Disaster Recovery and Business Continuity Plans Business continuity and disaster recovery refer to the contingency plans and measures designed and executed by a business to guarantee operational flexibility in case of any service interruptions. As information technology systems have become the focus of all areas of business, the capacity to reliably and promptly recuperate these systems have become a vital issue in any business. A Business Continuity Plan identifies a business’ vulnerability to both internal and external threats and manufactures soft and hard assets that offer efficient prevention and recovery for the business. At the same time, it retains value system...
2 Pages(500 words)Essay

Structural steel design

... al Affiliation) STRUCTURAL STEEL DESIGN Cutty Sark Cutty Sark’s steel enclosure is made of 12 metal frames, bulkheads or cradles that are connected by a longitudinal metal strake beam measuring 500x40mm at the top. This is just below the tween deck and is grounded at the bottom to a newly designed keel plate that is fastened to the existing keel on the entire ship (Stoyanov, Mason & Bailey 2010, pg. 650). The frames, which were built by SH Structures Limited, are made from horizontal compression members that are cambered, with internal diagonal tie rods fastened to the keel plate. The plates had been hidden under the ship’s planking when they had been welded. When restoration was completed, the new skeleton had to be hoisted...
8 Pages(2000 words)Literature review

The Transformation of Management Principles in Ernst and Yong

The world is becoming a global village. The evolution process has changed the face of the earth and all her nations. The economy has changed and so have the governing principles on which they are based. Hence, the managing techniques for the betterment of quality in living and communication have undergone metamorphosis too. At the workplace, change is a constant factor; growth and progress are prerequisites to survival in a competitive atmosphere. The process of adaptation and reformation happens at various levels and varied paces in each organization. How commercial organizations and the people within the organizations, transformed while contributing themselves to transformations, can be understood through case studies of various...
8 Pages(2000 words)Case Study

Practices and Principles of Adult Nursing

These would gradually reduce her little depression and give her more hope over her life. And also one fact should be noted that she is a 65-year-old woman, so she still has chances of recovery.

Osteoarthritis: The National Institute of Arthritis and Musculoskeletal and Skin Diseases has this definition for Osteoarthritis as “ Is the most common type of arthritis, especially among older people. Sometimes it is called degenerative joint disease or osteoarthrosis. Osteoarthritis is a joint disease that mostly affects cartilage. Cartilage is the slippery tissue that covers the ends of bones in a joint. Healthy cartilage allows bones to glide over one another. It also absorbs energy from the shock of physical activity&...
9 Pages(2250 words)Assignment

Human Performance: Theories and Principles of Motivation

I have been assigned two HRM consultants who are busy designing the motivation questionnaire to be administered to all the group employees. However, this also gave me an opportunity to reflect over my personal strengths and weaknesses as I would soon have the most responsible task of convincing the top management about the contents of the questionnaire and the finalization of motivation report and its possible uses in the group in the formulation of exact policies and tactics to improve employee morale. My immediate boss gave me this entire assignment breaking the line structure and formalized it by getting it ratified by the board. He also built an incentive and bonus deal for me to be awarded on the successful completion of the...
12 Pages(3000 words)Case Study

Lean Design ERP Solution in Management

It is proposed that the company should implement a Lean Design and for this, it should select for suitable Enterprise Resource Planning (ERP) software from an experienced vendor.

The Project Management Teas has recommended Lean Design because it offers scope for reducing inventories and introducing ways and means to improve productivity by planning the optimal use of resources. By elimination of all activities that do not add value and/or are safety nets, maximum use of scarce resources like capacity, manpower and capital becomes achievable. It also results in value addition for the customer, improved bottom line and enhanced productivity of employees.

This is the ultimate objective of Lean Design. This is a...
10 Pages(2500 words)Term Paper

Structural-Functional and Symbolic Interactionism Theory as Applied to a Personal Experience

Janina has tried for a US visa a number of times, and every time, she came home disappointed at having been denied. In the structural-functional theory, the US embassy is an institution that functions to screen prospective visitors to their country. Inherent in the structure is inequality in terms of not being able to provide a visa to everyone who applies. Since Janina is one of the unfortunate ones who was never granted a visa in all the times she tried to acquire one, her frustration has created a different meaning for the US embassy. Where before, the US Embassy has symbolized for her a gateway to fulfilling her dreams of visiting the US, her painful denials in being granted a visa has now been instrumental in it being a symbo...
8 Pages(2000 words)Term Paper

Future Digital Design Process

As we shape up the interface between the designer and the virtual environment we are naturally going to produce a greater and far better outcome.
It will enable the end-user to be more creative and experimental and explore possibilities that were previously tedious or impossible. The design possibilities of virtuality will enhance the outlook of environments.
Now we can also term it according to the duration it can last. For any new thing, the duration is 10-30 years. If it lasts for 10 it would be popular as a tool another 10 and it would very well be a theory and if it survives all 30 years it will soon be defined as a revolution.
It was the end of the 20th century and the beginning of the 21st century that saw th...
21 Pages(5250 words)Assignment

A Hydrograph of River Cynon and Design of an Open Channel

...Storm Drainage Design Project: A Hydrograph Analysis of River Cynon and Design of an Open Channel 0 Introduction River Cynon is geographically located in South Wales and stretches from Hirwaun to Abercynon as a major tributary of the River Taf. The river has a catchment area of 160 square kilometers. Rainfall and river stage is monitored at Station 57004 at Abercynon operated by the Environment Agency in Wales. The station is a Flat V weir, which serves as a velocity-area station for high flows. Gauging history revealed that this station is over-topped by extreme floods and receives effluent discharges from industrial areas within the catchment. The station is located at elevation 81.2 m (Centre for Ecology and Hydrology [CEH], 2005...
9 Pages(2250 words)Report

An Evaluation of the Role That the Principles of Behaviour Therapy Have to Play in Clinical Hypnosis

Hamburg (2006) first used this combined effort to treat two patients who were scared of dying. He uses his paper to encourage clinicians to refrain from not using their knowledge at the introductory classes of hypnosis but to go into it deeper. Many therapists at that time were taking the bold step of combining behavior therapy with hypnosis (Chaves, 2006). One group used hypnosis for desensitization therapy (Kirsch et al, 1995). However, there was general disagreement about the manner of hypnosis being employed and the methods of mentalist constructs. Chaves who strongly believed in the treatment combination used it as a base for many of his therapeutic interventions (Chaves, 1997a as cited in Chaves, 2006). The hypnotic therapy...
8 Pages(2000 words)Article

Syllabus Design for Learners of English as a Second Language

The translation and transmutation of syllabuses into the teaching procedures are generally recognized by the established conceptions of the second language learning methodologies, predominant amongst them are the Grammar Translation Method and Audiolingual Method. These notions in addition to the emergent concepts aiding to the structuring of the syllabus and curriculum for English as the Second Language are critically discussed in detail in this literary essay.

English being globally considered and established as the ‘lingua franca’ whether in terms of international communications or technological interrelations, hence English as the second language is extensively popularized and most sought after language...
7 Pages(1750 words)Research Paper

User-Friendly Website Design and Programming

The ability to have the correct design and program as well as the options for user-friendly sites will not only affect the use of the site but will also make a difference in how the company or individual site is represented. Examining the different components of the designing and programming will make a difference in how the users are able to work with different sites.
The common use of websites to find information and businesses has also led to preferences that users have for web sites. Programmers need to keep the idea of what users recommend with websites first. This will make a difference in their desire to navigate through a site and to move through the various pages that send the required information about a business or...
9 Pages(2250 words)Lab Report
sponsored ads
We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.

Let us find you another Essay on topic Principles of Structural Design for FREE!

Contact Us