StudentShare
Contact Us
Sign In / Sign Up for FREE
Search
Go to advanced search...

Mill vs. Raz - Essay Example

Comments (0) Cite this document
Summary
In John Stuart Mill's publication On liberty, Mill describes his principles on the individuals well being. He stresses that the only reason power should be exerted over any member of a civilized community, against their will, is if it is to prevent harm to others…
Download full paperFile format: .doc, available for editing
GRAB THE BEST PAPER91.3% of users find it useful
Mill vs. Raz
Read TextPreview

Extract of sample "Mill vs. Raz"

Download file to see previous pages Guided by 'one very simple principle' he outlines an argument for a system, which he believed, provided the best possible environment for individual and social progress (Mill, 1991, p.30). Mill advocates for human's shortcoming and their incompleteness of knowledge, which means that the "truth" is not always the truth. Based on Mill's assertions, any one group who attempts to coerce another group or individual is breaching individual liberty, which leads to the stagnation of the intellectual community. The key to progress lies in the condition of seeking the best span of human experience and development. The individual in the Millian liberal society is engaged in 'experiments in living'; attempts to find "new, deeper or merely different sources of happiness in life", uncoerced by the state or fellow individuals. (Ryan, 1991, p.166) The most important aspect of well-being is to note that the individual has complete authority in matters regarding themselves, society does not have the right to restrict the individual, as long as the actions of the individual is not causing harm to themselves or others. Liberty is, therefore, an integral component of well-being; liberty provides the best possible conditions to achieve the "permanent interests of man as a progressive being." (Mill, 1991, p.31)
In Joseph's Raz's The Morality of Freedom, his theory does not rest on a human being's fallacies but instead he argues that the individual's w...
Raz creates an idea of the individual's well-being results from not just one being but that individual's situation within a culture, history, and society. He makes the simple argument that if a government can make a universal decision to prevent murder, then the state can act in defense of moral reason. Raz states that 'governments should promote the moral quality of the life of those whose lives and actions they can affect.' (1988, p.415) He advocates that the individuals will adapt to society's preferences and then will be able to have a good life, striving for well-being. Raz declares that the importance of a liberal society does not rely on the individual choice, as it does for Mill, but instead the individual should be able to choose between various alternatives that have been determined and supported by the society where the individual resides. A person's well-being should not be dependant on how the individual lives their life and how they determine their actions to be of vale but rather their well-being rests on how living a life is valuable independent of how it helps the individual. As he explains, an "autonomous life is valuable only if it is spent in the pursuit of acceptable and valuable projects and relationships." (1988, p.417)
To best illustrate Mill and Raz's ideals for an individual's well-being take for example an person's addiction to alcohol. Through Mill's theory, the demand and priority for an individual's liberty in this self-regarding conduct and the belief in human experimentation does not accrue any benefits for the individual. It is highly unlikely that the majority of individuals will benefit from a life influenced by drugs. Raz on the other hand argues that the life of a drug addict is clearly inferior in terms ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
Cite this document
  • APA
  • MLA
  • CHICAGO
(“Mill vs. Raz Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1000 words”, n.d.)
Mill vs. Raz Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1000 words. Retrieved from https://studentshare.org/miscellaneous/1528608-mill-vs-raz
(Mill Vs. Raz Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1000 Words)
Mill Vs. Raz Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1000 Words. https://studentshare.org/miscellaneous/1528608-mill-vs-raz.
“Mill Vs. Raz Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1000 Words”, n.d. https://studentshare.org/miscellaneous/1528608-mill-vs-raz.
  • Cited: 0 times
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment or rate a document

CHECK THESE SAMPLES OF Mill vs. Raz

Kant vs Mill

23 March What is Kant’s view? Kant’s philosophy fundamentally revolves around the deontological ethics. He has presented a philosophy regarding the duty, or moral obligation of an individual. According to Kant, an act can be deemed as appropriate and right if the individual originally did the act considering it as his/her moral obligation. In view of Kant, it is just nothing else but duty that can entitle an act as right (Schwartz). Kant thinks that duty essentially makes the actions morally sound and justified as compared to their maxims. However, maxims can also be right provided that it is possible to universalize them. What is Mill’s view? Unlike Kant, Mill’s visualization of the concept of moral philosophy is fundamentally te...
2 Pages(500 words)Essay

James Mill

...James Mill The Politics of Early Nineteenth Century Economics James Mill (1773-1836) is a thinker whose importance to the history of political economy has long been acknowledged by scholars (Robinson & Groves, 2003). However, his contributions are often misinterpreted. Mill is traditionally understood as an exponent of a utilitarian perspective in which human happiness is thought largely to be connected to the satisfaction of material wants. Writing in the early nineteenth century, he was a contemporary of and intellectual collaborator with the pioneering economist David Ricardo. Mill was a frequent critic of mercantilist measures such as monopoly and price controls that restrained the free market. Because commercial advancement leads...
14 Pages(3500 words)Research Paper

Kant, Mill, and Nietzsche

... Your Kant, Mill and Nietzsche: What would they do? “A nurse’s refusal to give a CPR to a dying 87 year old woman at a living center has promoted outrage and a criminal investigation.” What would Kant, Mill and Nietzsche say about it? This is an ethics issue. First we have to define how these three philosophers look at ethics and morals. The three of them have different views on ethics, especially metaethics. For Nietzsche, moral values are arbitrary; while for Kant and Mill, morals are innate. However, Kant and Mill also differ in a sense that Kant states that a person’s moral is innate as in a priori reasoning and Mill suggests, however selfishly, that morals are essential to a person’s happiness as people abide to morals for them...
3 Pages(750 words)Essay

General Mill

...? General Mills- Overview and History General Mills- Overview and History Introduction General Mills, Inc. has been in existence for over a hundred and fifty years, and specializes in well-known consumer foods, both as a manufacturer plus marketer, selling these at retail stores. In addition, the company has its hand in commercial baking as well as food service industries as a provider of branded along with unbranded food products. The Company has its outfitted bases in 15 countries and its marketing reach is well over 100 countries. Besides that, the company has its joint ventures manufacturing and marketing products in over 130 countries in addition to republics globally. Its operations are categorized into three- Foodservice and baking...
4 Pages(1000 words)Essay

Kant and Mill Ideologies

... Kant and Mill Ideologies According to John Stuart Mill, the fundamental principle of morality refers to the principle of utility, or Greatest Happiness Principle, which asserts that individuals tend to act in a manner that is most likely to derive maximum pleasure, satisfaction, and happiness to a wide range of people (LaFave 1). Indeed, Mill claims that people should value the principle of utility as a tool that derives secondary moral principles, which promote general happiness (Lee 1). The fundamental principle of morality means that happiness is intended pleasure and absence of pain where right actions promote happiness while wrong actions produce the reverse of happiness, which is unhappiness, pain, and the privation of pleasure...
4 Pages(1000 words)Essay

Kant vs. Mill

Answer A Emmanual Kant, eminent philosopher and one of the most influential thinkers of modern times, has been quite vocal in discussing the moral and ethical values of man. He says that moral obligations are imperatives and his two Rules define the categorical imperatives: Rules of Universality; and Rules of Respect (Kant, 2004). The first one makes says that people at all time must act appropriately and the second rules promotes the value of respect and says that well being of all individuals is important and therefore, one should not use others for their own vested interests. In other words, he says that one must act in a manner that one would expect others to act towards oneself. This Kantian ethical theory is popular because...
2 Pages(500 words)Essay

Smith & Ricardo vs. Malthus, Bentham, Senior, J.S. Mill and Say

... Introduction The history of economic thought deals with the different economic thinkers that have shaped the field of economics from ancient world to present day. These will be discussed in this essay including Smith, Ricardo, Malthus, Bentham, J.S Mill and Say. Adam Smith (1723-1790) An Inquiry into the Nature and Causes of the Wealth of Nations (1776) and Theory of moral sentiments (1759) shaped economics. His theory has three main features: Division of labor (DOL), price allocation and nature of economic growth. DOL is the result of man’s desire to be free, and propensity to truck, barter and exchange (Smith n.p). It leads to increased productivity and consequently greater output, high wages and income per capita thus opulence...
2 Pages(500 words)Essay

Smith & Ricardo vs. Malthus, Bentham, Senior, J.S. Mill and Say

... Smith & Ricardo vs. Malthus, Bentham, Senior, J.S. Mill and Say Ricardo’s principle on political economy and taxation was immediately adopted by many writers, who started using his doctrine and ideology on economic issues. John Ramsay McCulloch who is a writer of the British most influential journal was among great writers that adopted Ricardo’s ideology. Ricardo agreed with Adam Smith’s ideology absolute and comparative advantage. Smith’s idea had two sections, the first section was mercantilism and this section derived its name from its developers who are the merchants. Mercantilism addresses the responsibilities of a strong state in supporting monopolies and protecting trade lines and shipping. This principle discourages importation...
2 Pages(500 words)Essay

Mill and Rawls

...Mill and Rawls When John Rawls published A Theory of Justice in 1971, not only did he help in reviving normative political theory but also rekindled discussions on matters relating to liberalism. According to Reynolds (1), Rawls’ book targeted the present moral and political doctrines, which is utilitarianism. Before Rawls published his theory, John Mill’s On Liberty stood out as the cornerstone on matters related to liberalism. Ever since Rawls book came to the scene, Mill’s theories have greatly been set aside and its place filled by Kantianism upon which liberalism discussions take place. The essay will compare and contrast accounts of justice in relation to John Rawls and John Mill. Rawls’s book attracted much attention than any...
5 Pages(1250 words)Essay

Mill's Utilitarianism

... Mill’s Utilitarianism It would not be an exaggeration to suggest that one of the characteristic features of the humansociety lies in the fact that actions of the people who belong to it are often viewed through the prism of Ethics. John Stuart Mill was one of the philosophers who contributed an ethical theory titled Utilitarianism, explaining what actions should be considered to be right. This paper will analyze in details one of its quotes about justice. To begin with, one should not that Mill pays particular attention to the above mentioned notion since it, according to him, it is often seen as the greatest obstacle on the way of accepting the doctrine that he developed (41). That is why he tries to show that justice and utility...
2 Pages(500 words)Essay

American Independent Cinema: Hollywood vs. the Independent

... of the pаper: Аmericаn Independent Cinemа - Hollywood vs. the Independent Beginning аs а group of smаll-time entrepreneurs in the volаtile domestic mаrket, U.S. film compаnies, аfter World Wаr I, quickly blossomed into one of the worlds foremost culturаl industries. Despite the bitter resistаnce of foreign governments, elites, аnd filmmаkers, Аmericаn movies hаve estаblished а stronghold in а myriаd of foreign mаrkets, enthrаlling millions of movie-goers аcross the globe. The remаrkаble success of this entertаinment enterprise hаs mаde it а subject worthy of serious inquiry. Whаt аccounted for Hollywood’s populаrity, the compаny thаt wаs а tycoon in its industry yeаrs аgo аnd thаt got аttаcked by the competition of independent compаnies...
13 Pages(3250 words)Term Paper

Symbolic vs. Functional Recruitment: Wendys

There is social inequality in India, a difference like lack of teamwork, managers like working individually unlike the Americans, the Indians give priority to culture and family over work while for the Americans work takes precedence. Both are risk-takers and developing personal relations is important for the American while it isn’t for the Indians. Such differences can make it difficult for them to work together.
The next part of the report focuses on expatriation and repatriation. The national culture might make it difficult for the expatriates to adjust unless laws and regulations are established to initiate an effort to encourage better-coordinated work between the two. The expatriates might feel insecure about thei...
16 Pages(4000 words)Assignment

America Vs Let America be America

His poem “Let America be America”
When Claude McKay was just twenty years old, he published his first book of verses titled “Songs of Jamaica” which dealt with his impressions of Black life in America. He wrote on various subjects that included love and romance using very passionate language. Later on, the main themes he wrote on, time and again was about the sufferings and injustice meted out to the blacks in America. In the earlier part of the twentieth century, his literary achievements had a great influence on the Harlem Renaissance. He was greatly respected by the younger generation
Langston Hughes completed his college education at Lincoln University, Pennsylvania. It was at Lincoln, Illinoi...
7 Pages(1750 words)Book Report/Review

Cultural Value Orientations: German vs. Turkish

When organizational culture is discussed in the context of national culture, it is based on certain assumptions. According to Schein (2004 qt. Browaeys and Price 2008) culture can be defined as:

"...a set of basic assumptions - shared solutions to universal problems of external adaptation (how to survive) and internal integration (how to stay together) - which have evolved over time and are handed down from one generation to the next".

External adaptation here refers to factors or culture which the management can control while internal integration means the relationship which binds them to the group. In this context management styles and approaches are often influenced by the cultural value orientation - that...
7 Pages(1750 words)Case Study

The British Constitution vs The Human Rights Act 1998

This research essay analyses the above statement and arrives at a conclusion.
Integration of the provisions of ECHR into U.K’s domestic law by way of HRA 1998 can be regarded as revolutionary as it facilitates the majority of the ECHR rights provisions directly applicable in the U.K. Before that integration, a U.K Court has to presume that when there is a clash between U.K’s domestic law and ECHR rights provision, the ECHR rights provision will always prevail. This principle has been laid down in R v Secretary of Home Dept ex parte Brind1 and R v Secretary of Home Dept ex parte Thakrar. 2
Courts have now the power to declare any statue which they find incompatible with ECHR provisions and order for fine-tunin...
9 Pages(2250 words)Case Study

John Rawls vs Robert Nozick: Social Justice

It is logical to look at political philosophy within the framework of history and ethics emerging from it. As could be observed, the question of justice, and how we perceive its nature has remained the prime concern throughout history. This will include, among other things, the existence of specific obligations towards each other and towards the state, the existence of natural rights, claims of property/liberty and equality.

In face of this, the Anglo-American political philosophy has seen famous philosophers like John Rowels, Robert Nozick and recently Amritya Sen to focus on issues and arguments concerning the above...(political Philosophy, 2005 pp1)

As political philosophy is about politics mainly, it s...

6 Pages(1500 words)Coursework

Classic David vs. Goliath: Are Big Corporations Driving away Neighborhood Shops

... ic David vs. Goliath: Are Big Corporations Driving Away Neighborhood Shops? ic David vs. Goliath: Are Big Corporations Driving Away Neighborhood Shops? Introduction Small businesses have been the hallmark of Western society for decades. From the corner drug store to the neighborhood ice cream parlor, countless millions of people have relied on the friendly and personal service that a so called ‘mom and pop’ shop provides them with. Recent years, however, have seen the small business owner suffer due to a trembling economy, rising prices, and the inclusion of big corporations into the mix. Struggling to keep afloat, many have either sold their businesses, had to drastically change their business model, or have gone out of business...
10 Pages(2500 words)Research Paper

The Awakening: A Battle of Individuality vs. Conformity

... 09 December The Awakening: A Battle of Individuality vs. Conformity This research paper seeks to illustrate that the novel “The Awakening” authored by the famous Kate Chopin is based on a battle of individuality vs. conformity. More than anything else, this novel seeks to portray this battle and establish how difficult it was for a woman of the 19th century to maintain her individuality. Edna, the protagonist in the novel, favors individuality over conformity and her life becomes increasingly difficult consequently. Following discussion aims to reinforce this reality that in the battle of individuality vs. conformity, a woman undergoes a lot of suffering because it is not easy to opt for individuality when the whole society wants her...
7 Pages(1750 words)Research Paper

Old Myths vs Modern Empires

In the modern world, American society has been facing constant challenges from the Islamic jihadist groups due to which significant invasions were made in the Islamic countries, such as Afghanistan.

The main differences between the approaches made by American society and the Barbarian society were the purpose behind the invasions. The American society invaded Afghanistan after facing violent attacks from the Islamic anti-social groups. However, the Barbarian invasions in Rome signified the use of power by the leaders in order to capture territories and increase their kingdom. The main purpose behind the attacks made by the U.S. administration was to eliminate the terrorist groups from the world and make the world free f...
10 Pages(2500 words)Essay

Bilingual Education vs the Only English

... The essay below argues on the monolingual versus bilingual education programs. Bilingual education is themost common practice done in most schools whereby, there is use of two diverse languages in the instructions of a classroom. The system of education is mostly applied in preschool period and in elementary schools in a less extent. Therefore, children receiving a bilingual type of education are able to acquire both languages used in the class easily. Rodriguez is a Mexican American, grew up in Sacramento, California, and graduated in English Literature despite the fact he knew little of the English language when enrolling in school. Rodriguez uses his own personal case to criticize that bilingual education delays the child’s... The essay...
6 Pages(1500 words)Essay
sponsored ads
We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.

Let us find you another Essay on topic Mill vs. Raz for FREE!

Contact Us