Name: Instructor: Task: Date: John Stuart Mill In any civilized society, there are basic parameters that guide its citizenry in their daily duties. Similarly, these duties are guided by the need to achieve certain objectives and goals of life, such as proper education and good health…
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Furthermore, the paper takes note on case studies, such as the Hudnut Pornography Case and its interpretation by Mills. Concerning Mill’s On Liberty, we have two distinct interpretations of matters related to liberty and freedom. There is harm’s principle and how the citizens perceive it in the view of the government. According to Stuart, the harm’s principle state that a person may be prevented from transferring harm to others to avoid any disagreements. Therefore, we will begin by evaluating the issue of freedom and liberty from the Mill’s perspective. In any civilized society, Mill suggests in On Liberty that there must be a government body that ensures its people is controlled in a systematic way. This is through proper exercising of freedom and upholding of the rule of law (Mill 23). As argued by Mill in his book, the government must act in an autonomous manner, to avoid being influenced by majority opinions to ensure that the system of governance runs. Similarly, when the government is in control, it is able to ensure that it represents every voice of the citizenry. This means that the minority groups that are not influenced by selfish ambitions and personal convictions who do not speak are equally represented, in the matrix of national cohesion. Additionally, the control of the government symbolize a state of control where cases of unrests, protests and demonstrations that are characterized by the discontented lot of the majority. However, as posited by Mill in Utilitarianism, it is upon every ordinary citizen to derive his happiness from the circumstances presented by his government (Mill 12). This means the citizen should obey the law, pay taxes, remain patriotic and respect other fellow citizens. Alternatively, this does not mean the government has the force upon the citizenry in any conventional way of conducting their duties. Furthermore, the government is mandated to allow citizens to enjoy their fundamental rights and freedoms as a way of upholding the rule of law. On that account, according to Mill, even if citizens follow the stipulated the laws, the government should use democratic methods that uphold citizen liberty. In other words, citizens should be allowed to make their choices in whatever they do as long they do not fringe on the freedoms of others. Similarly, Mill supports this fact in Utilitarianism where he encourages the freedoms of choosing one’s form of happiness as long as it is of no damage to other parties or individuals (Winston and Edelbach 154). Alternatively, the government should allow citizens to experiment with any form of lifestyle in attaining their goals and objectives of life for the betterment of the general society. However, again Mill warns in On Liberty that the government and even society have a crucial role to use coercive force in case a citizen violates the limits of his freedom. This brings us to issue of public opinion and the obligation of the government to censor distracters, such as the opposition, which sometimes wastes time debating trivial matters at the expense of the economic development. Mill argues in On Liberty that the government has the supreme authority to ignore such voices or even apply a form of punishment to act as a deterrent for others who may have such sinister intentions (Bowie and Simon 60). Similarly, the government, while
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(John Stuart Mill Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 2500 Words)
“John Stuart Mill Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 2500 Words”, n.d. https://studentshare.org/history/1396776-john-stuart-mill.
Utilitarianism is often summarized as “the greatest good for the greatest number” being used to calculate the moral correctness of an action, decision, or policy for both individuals and society on a common standard. Utilitarianism ideally judges actions based upon their outcome in producing the greatest happiness or pleasure for the greatest number of people, and therefore the ‘utility’ of an action can be calculated through its use in the production of the social good.
In both instances the individual cannot be practically existent outside of the community, nor can civil society itself exist without being composed of a network of individuals. Both Marx and Mill share this fundamental acceptance, however each chooses to focus on a different aspect of the relationship for emphasis.
Mill proposed that the main aim of taking moral decisions is to achieve the greatest happiness for the greatest number. According to Mill, this objective is considered a legislative duty for all social institutions. Mill’s Utilitarian theory also posits that the conscience is not in any way the sole authority of the decision to do what is either right or wrong.
Referring to it as the principle of utility, Mill believes that the highest normative principle is that actions are moral as they tend to promote happiness and immoral as they tend to produce sadness or dissatisfaction. Although Mill was a utilitarian, he argued that not all forms of pleasure are of equal value, using his famous saying "It is better to be Socrates dissatisfied, than a fool satisfied." In this regard, John Stuart Mill rejects the classical virtue theory.
In the modern global context it is very important to be aware of philosophical ideas of the leading philosophers. Many ideas of famous philosophers are the basic for many modern scholars’ theories. Different analyses are made through the prism of these ideas.
Media has played a huge role in our daily lives. It has been an avenue for conveying information to the masses and a crucial source of entertainment. Cellphones, internet, Magazine, TV programs and news are the popular types of media which are quite reliable as far as information and social updates in trends are concerned.
The constraint may be physiological, moral, social , religious and in all the cases it limits the human being.
John Stuart Mill discussed this problem, of liberty-constraint in his essay: "On liberty". But the interest for this concept has appeared since childhood.
John Stuart Mill is considered among one of the fathers of liberalism, who proposed the concept of an expansive liberty with minimal restraint. His work 'On Liberty' is a complete set of principles that addresses the ideal nature and extent of liberty to be exercised by society over an individual.
James Stuart Mill was born in 1773, at Northwater Bridge and was first educated in Montrose Academy. Here he met Sir John Stuart of Fettercairn, who gave the name of his eldest son, John Stuart Mill. In 1790, he went to the University of Edinburgh, at the age of seventeen, and in 1798 was licensed as a preacher.
According to Chapter 5 of the Proper Functions of Representative Bodies, John Stuart Mill elaborately explains the meaning of a representative government whereby the people have the absolute power to exercise through their elected deputies the ultimate controlling power. These deputies are elected by the people themselves.
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