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Prevention of HIV and STI: What has worked, what hasn't and why - Essay Example

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In the past 50 years, we have seen how the shackles of conservatism have slowly and steady lost their grip on the majority of the population. This gave the people the liberty to discuss certain taboo subjects, like sexual intercourse and sexually transmitted diseases (STI)…
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Prevention of HIV and STI: What has worked, what hasnt and why
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Download file to see previous pages Here, we will present a short summary of the continuing struggle of scientists to keep the population healthy and safe, as well as the problems that they continually face.
Statistical information show that since 1992, every year in the US, 40 000 people have been infected with HIV, and many more with STI. Treatments have been implemented since 1996, but they themselves have not shown effectives in decreasing the number of HIV and STI infected patients. Therefore, it is concluded that prevention is the best option in preventing STI and HIV. There are several types of interventions that, above all, need to be tested before they are implemented amongst the infected or non-infected population. One of those types is the behavioral interventions. In all, 14 random case studies with behavioral intervention have been made, and only 5 of them have shown significant impact of STI. Nevertheless, it is concluded that the effects were modest and short lived (6-12 moths), and in the end, ineffective.
Possibly, the most famous of these types of interventions is the use of condoms. Research has shown that, indeed, condoms reduce the chance of infection, as much as 85-90% for HIV, and 50% for Chlamydia and gonorrhea, 70% for the Human papiloma virus (HPV) and 30-70% for Herpes simplex 2(HSV-2).
Vaccines have always played a major role in the effective combat against diseases. ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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