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Papua new guniea: STI and HIC surveillance techniques and factors that affect STI and HIV prevention and control projects - Essay Example

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This paper aims to provide an overview of the current methods of STI and HIV surveillance and monitoring in Papua New Guinea. There are numerous factors that affect the STI and HIV prevention and control efforts in Papua New Guinea. Some of them have been discussed in this paper…
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Papua new guniea: STI and HIC surveillance techniques and factors that affect STI and HIV prevention and control projects

Download file to see previous pages... The chief mode of HIV transmission in Papua New Guinea has been through heterosexual activity and transmission from mother to child (USAID 2007). Other factors contributing to the transmission of STIs and HIV include, “multiple sexual partners, poverty, urbanization and sexual activity in exchange for cash, goods and services” (USAID 2007). This paper aims to provide an overview of the current methods of STI and HIV surveillance and monitoring in Papua New Guinea. The paper also helps to identify some of the economic, gender and religious issues with respect to STI and HIV prevention and control in the country. In light of these facts, an evaluation of the current challenges with possible recommendations to prevent and control these diseases has also been made. Method of Surveillance and Monitoring of STI and HIV According to a report released by AusAID (2006), the prevalence of HIV in the rural parts of Papua New Guinea (PNG) has been increasing over the years. Surveillance and monitoring of STI and HIV in these areas have been extremely challenging when we consider the remote nature of many parts of the country, geographic and cultural diversity, weak infrastructure and poor quality of services (AusAID 2006). The country has a national surveillance system which is also extended to monitor rural areas. However, numerous inconsistencies have been reported with the current methods of data collection and analysis and the quality of data collected has also been found to be poor (AusAID 2006). Studies have revealed that HIV transmission in PNG is largely driven through sexual contact but nearly two-thirds of people in the country, who have been diagnosed with HIV, are unaware of its mode of...
This research examines increasing of the prevalence of HIV in the rural parts of Papua New Guinea (PNG). Surveillance and monitoring of STI and HIV in these areas have been extremely challenging when we consider the remote nature of many parts of the country, geographic and cultural diversity, weak infrastructure and poor quality of services. The country has a national surveillance system which is also extended to monitor rural areas. However, numerous inconsistencies have been reported with the current methods of data collection and analysis and the quality of data collected has also been found to be poor. Studies have revealed that HIV transmission in PNG is largely driven through sexual contact but nearly two-thirds of people in the country, who have been diagnosed with HIV, are unaware of its mode of transmission. Again, the current surveillance system does not provide comprehensive information on age, sex and province of origin. In fact, the Independent Review Group on HIV/AIDS reports that, “There are vast areas of the country where there is insufficient information to characterize either current levels of infection or the potential for further epidemic growth”. The growing rates of STI and HIV infections in different parts of the country underscore the need to collect reliable information and assess the effect of the response programs in the country. The current surveillance techniques in the country include routine data collection from institutions like blood banks, antenatal clinics, STI clinics and sentinel surveillance sites. ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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