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Community development and HIV/STI-relatedvulnerability among female sex workers in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil - Assignment Example

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Annotated Bibliography: Community development and HIV/STI-related vulnerability among female sex workers in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil by Kerrigan, Telles, Torres, Overs and Castle (2008) and Patients' Waiting Time and Doctors' Idle Time in the Outpatient Setting By Fetter and Thompson (1966) Date Community development and HIV/STI-related vulnerability among female sex workers in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil by Kerrigan, Telles, Torres, Overs and Castle (2008) The article entitled “Community development and HIV/STI-related vulnerability among female sex workers in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil” written by Kerrigan, Telles, Torres, Overs and Castle (2008) published in the He…
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Community development and HIV/STI-relatedvulnerability among female sex workers in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil

Download file to see previous pages... The purpose of the authors in writing the discourse was to document the process, applicability, effectivity and challenges of integrating the crucial elements contained in the Sonagachi model in terms of ongoing HIV/STI educational programs within the community development activities for the identified target group, the female sex workers in Rio de Janeiro in Brazil. The authors explained the three-pronged approach proposed by the Sonagachi model that aimed to reduce the risks associated with HIV/STI through communication of behaviour change, distribution of condoms, and STI management. Further, an identification of the five intervention areas deemed crucial components of the model were acknowledged as the framework that made the Sonagachi model “a UNAIDS Best Practice Model for HIV/STI prevention among sex workers” (UNAIDS, 2002; UNAIDS, 2000; cited in Kerrigan, Telles, Torres, Overs, & Castle, 2008, p. 138). These five intervention areas were comprehensively studied by Bandyopadhyay Ray, and Banerjee (2002) as an oral presentation number and by Bandyopadhyay, Mahendra, and Kerrigan (2003) as a final report for the Horizons Program of the Population Council/ USAID. The study was participated by female sex workers totaling 499 during the pre-intervention survey and 537 at post-intervention survey. Five community development components were evaluated and measured during the pre- and post-intervention phases. The findings revealed that from among the five community development measures, four were significantly associated with HIV/STI preventive behavior. These measures were: social cohesion and mutual aid, social participation and access to material and social resources. The preventive behavior exemplified the use of consistent condom among participating sex workers and their clients, “indicating the importance of community-building and community-bridging interventions for this population group” (Kerrigan, Telles, Torres, Overs, & Castle, 2008, p. 144). One of the strengths is that the authors were effective in defining their objective for the study and have structure their discourse in a comprehensible and clear manner with appropriate sub-headings and tabular illustration of data. Substantial theoretical background provided the framework for understanding the rationale and process for the study. However, the eminent weakness lies in the data analysis that contained fairly comprehensive statistical explanations on the findings that is gruelling to the readers, most especially for those without statistical background. Overall, the authors have successfully achieved their defined objective and were commendable in identifying limitations of the study in terms of the use of the pre/post design, sole reliance on reported outcomes directly linked to condom use, and the limited time frame, which could be addressed in future research on the same field of endeavor. One definitely learned that through proper ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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