Herzberg Theory of Motivation - Essay Example

Comments (0) Cite this document
Summary
The vital difference between the man and machine is essentially that of emotions. Machines keep on working with the same pace, regardless of the fact that whether we praise them or condemn. However, this is not the case with human beings. It is, in most of the cases, beneficial, especially from the perspective of organizational behavior, to motivate the employees and provide the favorable factors so as to increase their job satisfaction and thus enhance the organizational feasibility…
Download full paperFile format: .doc, available for editing
GRAB THE BEST PAPER95.6% of users find it useful
Herzberg Theory of Motivation
Read TextPreview

Extract of sample "Herzberg Theory of Motivation"

Download file to see previous pages The term 'Job Satisfaction' refers to one of the extent to which an individual likes his or her job. As defined by Schermerhorn, Hunt and Osborn,
"Job satisfaction is the degree to which individuals feel positively or negatively about their jobs. It is an attitude or emotional response to one's tasks as well as to the physical and social conditions of the workplace." (Schermerhorn, Hunt and Osborn, 2002)
Feedback is the objective information about individual and collective performance. Subjective information like 'you are doing well' does not qualify the criteria of the objectivity and thus can not be called an ideal feedback. (Miner, 1988) .Feedback serves two functions; that is instructional and motivational. Besides providing the instructions for further improvement, feedback should also be aimed to motivate the employees rather than condemn them. (Tosi, Rizzo and Mero, 2000)
Being so important for the organizational culture, organizational behavior researchers have laid a great stress in determining the factors which influence the employee satisfaction. As a result, a number of theories regarding the issue have been evolved. Herzberg theory of motivation is one of them. ...
As a result, a number of theories regarding the issue have been evolved. Herzberg theory of motivation is one of them. (Szilagyi and Wallace, 1983)
The Herzberg theory of motivation is based on the fact that the satisfaction level of an employee is deeply affected by two broad categories; hygiene factor and the motivation factor.
Herzberg asked the employees to report the times they felt very satisfied with their jobs and the times they felt discontented. He noted all the factors which led to increase the job satisfaction of the employees and same for the dissatisfaction. On the basis of this study he gave this theory, which is also known as motivator-hygiene theory, which identifies different factors as foremost causes of job satisfaction or dissatisfaction. (Philip and Duncan, 1982)

According to this theory, hygiene factors are those factors which cause job dissatisfaction. He noticed that these tasks are more related to the work environment, rather than the nature of work itself. Some of the common hygiene factors are as follows:
Organizational policies
Quality of supervision
Working conditions
Base wage or salary
Relationships with peers
Relationships with subordinates
Security
(Luthans, 2006)
Herzberg asserts that these factors are though responsible for job dissatisfaction, yet their presence does not guarantee the job satisfaction. Lets take the example of salary, if the employees are under paid, their satisfaction towards their work will be lesser. However, if they are appropriately paid, even then this will not bring the job satisfaction. Job satisfaction is achieved through a number of other factors like:
Achievement
Recognition
Responsibility
Advancement
Growth
(Luthans, 2006)
The factors which ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
Cite this document
  • APA
  • MLA
  • CHICAGO
(“Herzberg Theory of Motivation Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 2500 words”, n.d.)
Herzberg Theory of Motivation Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 2500 words. Retrieved from https://studentshare.org/miscellaneous/1527475-herzberg-theory-of-motivation
(Herzberg Theory of Motivation Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 2500 Words)
Herzberg Theory of Motivation Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 2500 Words. https://studentshare.org/miscellaneous/1527475-herzberg-theory-of-motivation.
“Herzberg Theory of Motivation Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 2500 Words”, n.d. https://studentshare.org/miscellaneous/1527475-herzberg-theory-of-motivation.
  • Cited: 0 times
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment or rate a document

CHECK THESE SAMPLES OF Herzberg Theory of Motivation

Incentive theory of motivation

...?Incentive Theory of Motivation Introduction The incentive theory of motivation proposes that “behavior is guided by the lure of rewards and the threat of punishment” (Bernstein, 2011, p. 302). Within this motivational premise, expectations of the importance of various rewards and the probability of attaining them are influenced by cognitive factors (Bernstein, 2011). This paper elucidates the incentive theory of motivation, its historical evolution, tenets, scopes, and the main interventions which have been devised based on the theory. Historical Development From the psychological viewpoint, individuals...
6 Pages(1500 words)Research Paper

Theory of Motivation

..., etc. that fulfilled social needs, than money. Neo Human Relations School of Thought The neo-human relations school of thought was introduced by Abraham Maslow along with Frederick Herzberg wherein the focus now shifted to the employee’s psychological needs. Maslow in his hierarchy of needs theory proposed that employees are motivated to fulfil specific needs and these needs can be hierarchically classified into 5 groups: physiological needs, safety needs, social needs, ego and esteem needs, and self-actualization. He argued that the needs must be satisfied as per the hierarchical order. An employee will move to higher order needs only after fulfilling the lower order need....
3 Pages(750 words)Term Paper

Motivation Expectancy Value Theory

...? Motivation Expectancy Value Theory April 21st Motivation Expectancy Value Theory Many theorists have attempted to discern on the various ways that people make choices regarding achieving tasks, how to persist in those tasks with lots of vigor and how individuals enhance performance on the said tasks. Vansteenkiste, Lens, Witte, and Feather (2005) in their journal wrote that expectancy value theory is a cognitive-motivational theory that relates to an individual’s level or strength of motivation. This is because a person strives to attain a certain goal with the expectations to attain the desired goal...
3 Pages(750 words)Research Paper

Motivation theory

...Motivation theoryMotivation can be defined as an emotional or psychosomatic attribute that stimulate individuals to perform their duties in achievement of the preferred objectives, and also uphold particular objective related actions. This paper focuses on motivation theory, leadership theory, and theory X and Y in relation to motivation. Motivation theory asserts that an individual is provoked to act in a particular manner based on the fact that he/she is created and developed to act in that particular manner. Motivation theory also elucidates the fact that individuals are inspired to perform their duties for the reason that they will receive an incentive (Owens & Valesky, 2010). Individuals in management positions especially... in...
5 Pages(1000 words)Essay

Motivation Theory

...Chapter Introduction and Overview 3 1 Introduction 3 2 Rationale for Study 3 3 Scope of the research 3 4 Limitation of Research 4 5 Objectives of the research 4 1.6 Proposed working hypotheses 5 1.7 Proposed Research Questions 5 1.8 Organisation of Dissertation 5 Chapter 2 – Review of the Literature on Motivation Theory 7 2.1 Introduction 7 2.2 Definition of Motivation 7 2.3 Theories of Motivation 8 2.3.1 Drive Theory 8 2.3.2 Behaviour Theory 9 2.3.3 Unconscious Motivation Theory 9 2.3.4 Maslow’s Theory of Motivation and Needs 9 10 2.3.4.1...
16 Pages(4000 words)Dissertation

Motivation self worth theory

...Examining Motivation and Self-worth Theory Here s Here Examining Motivation and Self-worth Theory Motivation The driving force behind the goal-seeking behaviors of human beings and other animals is known as motivation. This term is classically rooted in the concept of action, and is usually used to refer to actions that are taken to fulfill needs and wants, be they instinctive, acquired, or even manipulated into existence. The object that inspires motivation is often referred to as a goal. Motivation can be viewed in broad categories (Eccles & Wigfeild, 2002). For example, intrinsic...
5 Pages(1250 words)Essay

Expectancy theory of motivation

...Expectancy Theory of Motivation Expectancy Theory of Motivation A. Explain the three key components and relationships in the expectancy theory of motivation. Expectancy theory is based on the idea that ‘people can make conscious choices about their motivation’ (Williams 2010, p.507). This means that people can be motivated if an action is followed by a particular reward. From this point of view, the expectancy theory has three critical components: ‘valence, expectancy and instrumentality’ (Williams 2010, p.507). These components could be further analyzed as follows: a)...
2 Pages(500 words)Essay

Achievement Motivation Theory

...Running head: AMT Achievement Motivation Theory Introduction: Motivation is a necessary attribute for success, which has been extensively studied, theorized and debated through decades. One of these studies resulted in the postulation of achievement motivation theory by David McClelland (1962, cited Miner, 2007). The present study investigates application of this theory by one of the greatest leaders of 21st century, Jack Welch who is credited with the tag of transformational leader for his efforts in successfully transforming General Electric, a multinational organization with multiple businesses and sustaining its number-one position for almost two decades (Wozny, 2005). 2. Achievement motivation theory: Keeping individuals... ’...
3 Pages(750 words)Research Paper

Motivation Theory

...Motivation Theory Introduction In the contemporary scenario, wherein people are quite concerned about determining their position in the society, it has become quite important to be involved in continuous learning process for ascertaining continuous development in an individual’s personality and characteristics (Sims & Sims, 1995). Notably, people in the modern day context are aware of the need of enhancing their knowledge and ability towards infinite number of topics in order to enhance their skills and intellectuality, so that they could be able to assure a better livelihood for themselves (Osborne & et. al., 2007). Contextually, it has been noted that learning is a process of acquiring new intellectuality as well as enhancing... the...
12 Pages(3000 words)Essay

What is herzberg two factor theory

...Herzberg Two-Factor Theory Due Herzberg Two-Factor Theory Herzberg developed the two-factor theory based on the attitudes of workers towards their jobs. The two factor theory states that workers value job satisfaction. Herzberg asserts that people like to work in fulfilling environments that offer good working conditions, remuneration, and avenues for growth, achievements, recognition and responsibility. Herzberg divided the theory into two basic factors; motivators and hygiene factors. Motivators include things that give people...
1 Pages(250 words)Essay
sponsored ads
We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.

Let us find you another Essay on topic Herzberg Theory of Motivation for FREE!

Contact Us