We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.
Nobody downloaded yet

Human Psychology - Essay Example

Comments (0)
Explaining human psychology and behavior is one the most intriguing and complex tasks associated with the science of psychology. Numerous outstanding thinkers repeatedly attempted to understand the behavior of other people and create effective tools and strategies to change it…
Download full paper
Human Psychology
Read TextPreview

Extract of sample
Human Psychology

Download file to see previous pages... As a result, modern psychology is an amalgam of stances, theories and perspective that supplement or contradict each other.
Functional psychology or functionalism is a broad psychological school that became popular in the early decades of 20th century. Advocates of functional approach focused on the active (functional) adaptation of human consciousness to the environment (Vandenbos, 2006). Functional psychology relied on the work of William James, a pioneering American psychologist and philosopher, and the evolutionary theory developed of Charles Darwin. The primary concern of functionalists was to understand how the human mind and consciousness functions. Functionalists believed that this could be done via introspection: "Functionalists studied the mind not from the standpoint of its composition-its mental elements of structure-but rather as a conglomerate or accumulation of functions and processes that lead to practical consequences in the real world" (Schultz, & Schultz, 2008, p.145). As a result, functionalists rejected the traditional positivist philosophy of experimental research and advocated the potential of rational thought being concerned with the capability of the mind and practical value of psychological research.
The essence of functional psychology was articulated by John Dewey, the brightest representative of functionalism, in his "The Reflex Arc Concept in Psychology" (1896). Dewey criticized the notion of elementarism and atomism that dominated early psychology. His criticism also covered the emerging school of behaviorism with its stimulus-response theory (Dewey, 1964). Although functional psychology failed to become a formal school, the concepts and principles formulated by representatives of this approach contributed greatly to the development of behavioral psychology (Schultz, & Schultz, 2008). An essential contribution of functionalism was recognition of the validity of research involving animals, children and people with psychiatric disabilities. Yet the most important contribution of functionalism to contemporary psychological practice was introduction of novel research methods and techniques such as mental tests, questionnaires and physiological measures (Biro, & Shahan, 1982). This legacy continues to play critically important role in modern psychological practice.

The origins of behaviorist perspective, a theory successfully applied in modern psychological practice can be traced back to John Watson (1878 - 1958) whom was the first theorist to formulate the principles of modern behaviorism. The school of behaviorism embraces hundreds of theories, practices, and trends that have emerged over several decades. However, the underlying feature of any behaviorist theory or concept is the emphasis on external influences on behavior and motivation that are viewed as the most critical aspect of understanding the inner world of human beings. Thus, Wilfred Sellars (1963), an outstanding philosopher of the last century whom witnessed emergence development and decline of behaviorism noted "a person may qualify as a behaviorist, loosely or attitudinally speaking, if they insist on confirming hypotheses about psychological events in terms of behavioral ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment
Psychology human development
Observation could take place in natural or managed settings. Mostly, during observation, the behavior and reactions of the subject(s) is monitored and recorded which aims to solve a hypothesis. This paper is focused on a naturalistic observation of the subject in a normal environment.
4 Pages(1000 words)Essay
Personal Theory of Psychology (Human Nature)
On the other hand, in accordance to the nurture view, ideas that define an individual are obtained through experiences and interactions. One of the supporters of the nurture view, British philosopher, John Locke, suggested that when a newborn infant is born, his mind is a tabula rasa, a Latin word for “blank slate” (Griffin, 2010).
3 Pages(750 words)Essay
Psychology - Human Development
As the individual begins his journey to become a part of the society, his life still displays an enigma where his behavior changes at times when presented with certain circumstances in different time and place. Essential for human development includes elements of biological make up, biochemical composition, evolution, sociological contributions, and ecology.
3 Pages(750 words)Essay
Human Nature and Psychology
The question of what constitute these characteristics, their origin, and how they work including the static nature of the human forms the oldest and the most vital questions of the western philosophy. The questions are extremely valuable since they intend to investigate the implications politics, ethics, and theology.
4 Pages(1000 words)Essay
Psychology - Human Stress
are all causes of stress. While scientists say that a degree of stress may be beneficial for us, for example if a person gets stressed out in a tennis game worrying about winning the match, his body will automatically increase the reflex rate, his attention, response and alertness which could prove to be beneficial for him, but if stress condition persists for longer period of time can cause a lot of health problems which might even be fatal.
4 Pages(1000 words)Essay
Effects of Hearing Impairment on Human Psychology

The author states that the fact that hearing loss by itself lowers the quality of life, explains why most affected individuals are in most cases depressed. To a larger extend, those individuals who acquire this kind of disability is the most affected. These include anxiety disorders, somatoform disorders, dissociative disorders.

7 Pages(1750 words)Research Paper
Human Evolutionary Psychology
Title: Human Evolutionary Psychology: An Exploration and Discussion Introduction: Human knowledge and understandings of psychology are not a static constructs. Rather, as information grows and the scientific process corrects itself, new theories are put forward and evidence for them is analyzed.
8 Pages(2000 words)Essay
Psychology essay - human motivation
(p. 25) Its classification as intrinsic factor in motivation goes with the idea that the formation of motives is the innate need for competence and self-determination. Deci and Ryan, for
4 Pages(1000 words)Essay
Human Factors Psychology
At the same time, there is not the ability to combine this with the needs of human factors, which complicates different professions and situations. The concept of human factor engineering is becoming widely studied in response to the needs
4 Pages(1000 words)Essay
The Pioneers of Human Psychology
This discussion talks that Garner recognizes the concept of tough empathy, and he defines it as the ability to care intensively for workers. The main aim of tough empathy is to use real-life applications in solving employee’s problems. The concept of tough empathy involves allowing people to acquire what they need, and not what they want.
3 Pages(750 words)Assignment
Let us find you another Essay on topic Human Psychology for FREE!
Contact us:
Contact Us Now
FREE Mobile Apps:
  • About StudentShare
  • Testimonials
  • FAQ
  • Blog
  • Free Essays
  • New Essays
  • Essays
  • The Newest Essay Topics
  • Index samples by all dates
Join us:
Contact Us