The health of the people within a given nationality has always been one of the priorities of the governments across the world. A healthy nation means that the people will manage to work and create more wealth for the nation, killer diseases will be controlled, children will have the hope to see their adulthood and the sick will get proper medical care for their condition that will assist them get their healthy status back and contribute to nation building…
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There are a number of health care systems within a nationality that may include the occupational safety and health, military medicine and school health services among many others. The health care systems have identified a number of goals to meet to ensure the health concerns of the population are met. Health systems seek to ensure good health among the people, to help the people to have a fair system of contributing their finances towards the system, and to increase the rate of responsiveness in order to meet the expectations of the beneficiaries of the system. To meet this goals therefore quality of service provided, the efficacy of the provision of these services, their acceptability among the people and their equity in dealing with the target population must be on the forefront of all the health systems.
England has adopted a health system known as The National Health Service (NHS) which has the mandate to provide healthcare for English nationals. Serving under the department of health of the government of the United Kingdom, this body is publicly funded and it provides most of its health care services for free apart from some medical services that relate to the eye tests, prescriptions and the dental care as well. This body provides health services like in-patient care, dentistry, primary care, ophthalmology and long time health care to the patients in need. The body has a private clause as well where the patients can privately pay for their medical care. This system of private medical care has been used to expand the services of the National Health Services. Most of the funding used to cater for the services in the National Health Service comes from taxation among other sources. The largest portion of the expenditure of the department of health is taken up by the National Health Service.
The National Health Services (NHS) is driven by a number of goals in its service to the people of England. It has identified its core value as the provision of quality medical attention to the people regardless of their ability to pay for the services they require. It provides a great number of services to the people including the fore mentioned dentistry services, optical services and the overall medical care among others (Brodie 2003). It aims at providing medical services that are customized in relation to the needs of the people, their preferences and those of their families as well as those of their careers.
Some of the aims of the NHS include to; utilize public funds to offer healthcare services to the patients in the NHS system; support and treat staff as valuables; be sensitive to the needs of the different sections of the population; to adopt a collaborative approach to ensure optimal provision of medical services to the patients; and to assist with ensuring the physical as well as emotional well being of the people in the process mitigate inequalities of health among many other aims.
The department of health of the government of the United Kingdom has been charged with the control of the NHS. It provides a political inclination to the NHS representing the will of the government in its jurisdiction. Under the department of health are a total of ten Strategic Health Authorities which directly take up the overseeing
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This has been continuing from many years and via a number of methods. This federal initiative has been most evident in the northern territories, despite the move by these territories towards greater autonomy.1 The publicly funded Canadian healthcare system mirrors national values that incorporate access on the basis of necessity and not ability to pay, equality, fairness, and provision of healthcare without taking into consideration the place of residence.
However, people who can afford to pay more through premiums enjoy better coverage under the healthcare facility. Hence, in the present consumer driven healthcare system (CDHC), the services rendered to the people by the industry are based on their ability to pay and those who pay less receive only mediocre medical services.
US health care system vs. Canada's health care system
Both USA and Canada spend a considerable amount of their resources on their respective healthcare system. While the healthcare network in USA is operated with the help of both public and private resources, the same in Canada is mainly directed by the Government.
The death spiral is due to the emergence of various adverse selections in the emerging insurance policies where the lower risk policyholders choose to change policies, due to the increased insurance costs, to be uninsured (Herzlinger & Jeff 26).
The United States, despite its claim of providing the best health care service in the world, has a very alarming problem when it comes to its health care system. It is the only industrialized country in the world that does not have the luxury of guaranteeing access to health care as a right of citizenship.
But they must recognize that such strategies are ineffective in the face of the flaws in our present healthcare system, which ultimately must be fundamentally overhauled. (Hanchak,1996)
Neglecting public's health is not only inefficient, but also takes a terrible toll on the quality of life, generates human suffering, and leads to premature deaths.
Programs such as the Children are Health Insurance Program, Medicaid, Medicare, and the Veterans Health Administration provides and spends 60-65% of the total healthcare. The better part of the population that is under 67 of age is
The healthcare system in Japan covers all citizens of the country with little consideration of the health problems that the patients are experiencing. This implies that even patients having terminal illnesses and predisposing conditions are covered by the
nder, culture and ethnicity, educational background, disability and socioeconomic status(Cerasa,2011).For instance, several studies confirm that Indigenous Australians get lower standards of healthcare when compared to the rest of the Australian population (Shepherd, Li &
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