We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.
Nobody downloaded yet

Prison Mental Health Services - Essay Example

Comments (0)
This paper provides a literature review about the mental health services available in prisons and jails of United States. It begins with an overview of the issue explaining the rising tendency of mental illness among the incarcerated inmates and its reasons…
Download full paper
Prison Mental Health Services
Read TextPreview

Extract of sample
Prison Mental Health Services

Download file to see previous pages... At mid-year 2005, more than half of all prison and jail inmates in the United States reported symptoms of a mental health problem within the last 12 months (James & Glaze, 2006).Among the state prison inmates nationwide, 43% reported symptoms that met criteria for mania, 23% reported symptoms of major depression, and 15% reported symptoms that met criteria for a psychotic disorder. (James & Glaze, 2006)
Contributory factors to the higher prevalence rates of mental illness among individuals in prison include the criminalization of the mentally ill (Aderbigbe, 1977) and communication barriers between the criminal justice and mental health systems of care (Lamberti & Weisman, 2001). In addition, Satriano (2006) has described the social and contextual issues in the 1960's that were contributing factors to the imprisonment of seriously mentally ill persons, including deinstitutionalization of severely mentally ill persons in without adequate follow-up; rising levels of homelessness and substance abuse among mentally ill persons; and an anti-psychiatry movement led by Thomas Szasz and R. D. Lang who believed mental illness to be a myth and viewed psychosis to be a reactive response to a bad situation. Also, the criteria of dangerousness became necessary to involuntarily confine an individual, shifting the idea of commitment from a therapeutic concept to one that is protective of society.
(Satriano, 2006)
Most experts agree that the incarcerated population's mental health needs are grossly underprovided while they are incarcerated (Roskes et al., 1999). Mentally ill prisoners are more a risk for behavioral disturbances, acts of aggression, and disciplinary problems than non-mentally inmates (Rowen & Hayes, 1995). Untreated psychiatric symptoms are associated with assaults, self-injurious behavior, social withdrawal, and suicides within correctional facilities. (Hayes, 1995)
The Supreme Court (Estelle vs. Gamble, 1976) established that it is unconstitutional under the eighth amendment to show indifference to the medical needs of prisoners. In Browning vs. Godwin (1977) it was determined that the right to medical treatment is not distinguishable from the right of mental health treatment. The American Psychiatric Association (2000) and the National Commission on Correctional Health Care (1999) recommend mental health screening at the time of prison intake.
The efficacy of treatment for the disease of interest should be established before a standardized prison-based screening program is considered. Early treatment with psychotropic medication is critical to the successful treatment of patients with serious psychiatric disorders. In the disease of schizophrenia, for example, the recognition of early phase illness and vigorous treatment aimed at relapse prevention may improve long term prognosis (Keks, Mazumdar, & Shields, 2000). Specifically, early intervention with antipsychotic medications decreases the long term morbidity of schizophrenia (Wyatt, Damiani, & Henter, 1998) and leads to a 2.5 to 10-fold reduction in relapse rates among those given maintenance treatment with anti-psychotic medication (Davis, 1985). Other studies have shown that detection, treatment and symptom control improves rehabilitation outcomes and self-efficacy ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment or rate a document
Emergency Mental Health
In the current state of mental health care however, mental health services are inadequate and are not properly made available to the mentally ill – the most vulnerable members of society (Saxena, et.al., 2007). This raises the need for mental health policies to be changed for the benefit of the mentally ill.
8 Pages(2000 words)Essay
Primary Care in Mental Health Services
Moreover, consultations from routine general practitioners (GP) show that a quarter of these concern mental health problems and around 90% of the care comes solely from primary care (Mental Health, NHS England, 2006). Primary care refers to services provided by patients' personal physicians, who are usually family practitioners, general internists or general pediatricians (Bodenheimer, 2006).
4 Pages(1000 words)Essay
Mental Health review tribunals
By carefully considering relevant cases, since the coming into effect of the Human Rights Act 1998, this paper attempts to analyze the degree to which Lady Hale endorsed in relation to the role, functioning and powers of Mental Health Review Tribunals. Mental health refers to a level of cognitive or emotional wellbeing or an absence of a mental disorder.
14 Pages(3500 words)Essay
Reflection -contemporary policies mental health
spite availability of effective treatment and mental health services, there is considerable inequality in terms of access to services even in different parts of the same country, and it has been observed that in contrast to other people who receive support, help, and treatment,
12 Pages(3000 words)Essay
Criminology- To what extent are prison suicides in the UK a consequence of prisons being used to accommodate too many people with mental health problems
mental health issues should be given a prison break and forced to attend certain rehabilitation centers reserved for treating criminals particularly, not always such an approach is accepted and practiced with the result that suicide subtly and gradually starts transforming into
8 Pages(2000 words)Essay
Mental Health Law
Another section 2 is instituted on the eve of the end of the first one. Up to this point, everything is being done according to procedure. The patient P has to be kept at the hospital so as to protect him from himself.
7 Pages(1750 words)Essay
This assessment will help him to be able to receive the appropriate medical attention according to his condition. According to research, 5-9 percent of adolescents between the ages of 9-17 tend to have a serious emotional
9 Pages(2250 words)Essay
Research Proposal
ude purposefully ingesting poisonous substances, overdoes of controlled substances, stabbing oneself utilising a variety of weapons or sharpened objects, wounding the self in the abdominal region or upon the arms, or even significant self-mutilation that can produce various
16 Pages(4000 words)Essay
Mentally ill prison populations
National Alliance on Mental Illness- NAMI, has a say on the matter as well because a statistic from their database shows that a staggering 40% of mentally ill individuals have become involved in crimes and social
4 Pages(1000 words)Essay
Additionally, his mental health status has reached a stage where he is also at risk of harming himself since he sometimes presents signs of trying to punch himself. This calls for an understanding of why Musti shows aggressive and violent
5 Pages(1250 words)Essay
Let us find you another Essay on topic Prison Mental Health Services for FREE!
Contact us:
Contact Us Now
FREE Mobile Apps:
  • About StudentShare
  • Testimonials
  • FAQ
  • Blog
  • Free Essays
  • New Essays
  • Essays
  • The Newest Essay Topics
  • Index samples by all dates
Join us:
Contact Us