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Solitary Confinement and Mental Illness in U.S. Prisons - Assignment Example

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The author of this assignment "Solitary Confinement and Mental Illness in U.S. Prisons" casts light on certain health issues in prisons. It is stated that a prison or a jail is a confinement in which lawbreakers are forcibly kept and denied several rights by the state.  …
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Solitary Confinement and Mental Illness in U.S. Prisons
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Download file to see previous pages Mental health, specifically mental illness, is a major issue developing in many prisons around the world. According to surveys carried out, prisons and correction facilities are currently the largest mental health providers in the United States (Manderscheid, 195-198).
However, prisons do not have the equipment to handle issues of mental health nor does its environment help in containing the issue of mental disorders. For this project, the main context includes history, causes, and solutions to the mental health issues affecting inmates in prisons and correction facilities.
Research carried out in the past indicates that prisons hold the largest percentage of mentally ill patients. More than 300000 men and women, confined in correction facilities in the United States, suffer from mental illness. Some of the mental disorders found in inmates include schizophrenia, major depression, and bipolar disorder (Manderscheid, 195-198). The proportion of prisoners suffering from mental illness is on the rise. Statistics state that close to 15% of the total number of inmates found in state, federal, and local jails suffer from mental illness. The number of mentally ill persons in prison has tripled that of people found in mental health institutions. The growth rate of mental illness in correction facilities is twice that found in the general public. There exists little historical data, but experts believe that the population of mental illness in prisons is on the rise. Over the previous five years, a disproportionate number of mental illness cases developed in nineteen out of thirty states. Clinical researchers indicate 8-19% of prison inmates have major functionality disabilities due to psychiatric disabilities. 20% require psychiatric intervention. ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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