Contact Us
Sign In / Sign Up for FREE
Go to advanced search...

The Theory of Mindshould primates be afforded Human Rights on the basis that they are conscious - Essay Example

Comments (0) Cite this document
Humans are classified by science to be the highest form of animals within the hierarchy of the zoological classification. Such recognition was partly influenced by the fact that we have the abilities unique among the living creatures, and nothing has come yet in the planet that manifests greater than the understanding of the human species…
Download full paperFile format: .doc, available for editing
GRAB THE BEST PAPER96.7% of users find it useful
The Theory of Mindshould primates be afforded Human Rights on the basis that they are conscious
Read TextPreview

Extract of sample "The Theory of Mindshould primates be afforded Human Rights on the basis that they are conscious"

Download file to see previous pages We laugh and enjoy on good things; feel sad and cry on bad things and adverse moments; we also understand each other; we develop desires. We acquire, improve, and utilize knowledge to develop concepts, principles, laws, and methods. Everything we do and every time we do it we are explicitly aware of our actions. This same uniqueness even created fictional ideas, that man is a special creature that is not part of this world. But this is not the emphasis of this paper. It is assumed here that human is part of the evolutionary process and is a type of creatures with special understanding that was part of the complex evolutionary path. Because of the human awareness, he created and honored the guidelines of morality, which we commonly refer as human rights as a basis of our actions to achieve harmony within the society.
But several ideas came out that certain type of primates show some level of awareness that humans claimed. The question whether primates have a theory of mind was started by Premack & Woodruff (1979) and created interest in the studies on cognition with these creatures. Characteristics of the existence of a mind among these creatures are exhibited by several experiments in psychology. Behaviors such as self-recognition, imitation, role taking, deception, perspective taking, and some show of social relationship among their groups were observed and discussed by Heyes (1998). These ideas received a lot of criticisms and were subjects for scrutiny and verifications. Debates are even widespread about the subject.
The growing popularity of the idea that primates do think and have a theory of mind created a somewhat weird question within the society. Should primates be accorded human rights on the basis that they have theory of the mind There are several moral issues associated with such questions. A lot of "what-ifs" can be derived from this idea. If we grant primates the same rights we have, can they be part of our society This question can be addressed by examining the validity of some facts and the associating them in the context of human rights.
This paper is primary geared towards finding facts and recommendations to address the human rights issue on primates. The contents will discuss basic principles on "The Theory of the Mind," what it is all about, what are its implications to the human society and its association with defined and accepted social norms and human rights. It will explore the controversial primate characteristics associated with the existence of theory of the mind within these creatures as enumerated and discussed by Heyes (1998).
This report, however, is neither an exhaustive review of existing available facts and information about existence of mind in primates nor an elaborate case study on primate's rights. This paper would present the facts why humans recognize common rights in the context of the Theory of Mind and if such characteristic does exist in primates. It is a critical evaluation of available facts based on limited sources and is reflective of ideas as a personal perspective based on critical analyses of certain issues.
Scientific views on theory of the mind
This section would deal with the principles and information that explains in general terms the theory of the mind and the mechanism involved in the social cognition and the ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
Cite this document
  • APA
  • MLA
(“The Theory of Mindshould primates be afforded Human Rights on the Essay”, n.d.)
The Theory of Mindshould primates be afforded Human Rights on the Essay. Retrieved from
(The Theory of Mindshould Primates Be Afforded Human Rights on the Essay)
The Theory of Mindshould Primates Be Afforded Human Rights on the Essay.
“The Theory of Mindshould Primates Be Afforded Human Rights on the Essay”, n.d.
  • Cited: 0 times
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment or rate a document

CHECK THESE SAMPLES OF The Theory of Mindshould primates be afforded Human Rights on the basis that they are conscious

Human Rights

For better understanding the following explanations relevant to the case under study are noteworthy: 1. Article 11defines assembly as “a company of persons gathered for some common purpose, for example, a meeting or public demonstration [whereas] freedom of assembly… include[s] organisation of, and participation in marches… processions, ‘static assemblies… sit-ins’ and both public and private events, whether formal… informal (Interights, 2007, p. 7). Based on this definition, Rik’s group and activity qualifies. 2. The right to freedom of peaceful assembly is not an absolute right, but is a qualified right. Meaning, such rights can be interfered with by the Government under specified circumstances. The manner by which Article 11 i...
4 Pages(1000 words)Essay


What are Human Rights? Human Rights can broadly be defined as a set of various international norms that have been designed to help in the protection of all people all over the world from any form of severe social, legal and political abuses. Common examples of human rights generally include the right of an individual not to face any torture, the right to have freedom of religion as well as the undeniable right for one to have affair trial in the event that they happen to be charged with a crime (Orend 2002). The main sources of the current versions of human rights include the International Bill of Rights which emerged as the United Nations, 1948b Universal Declaration of Human Rights and various treaties and human rights document...
6 Pages(1500 words)Essay

Human rights

... as provided by the ECHR. References Aldemir v Turkey, App. No. 32124/02 [18 December 2007] Appleby v UK, App. No. 44306/98 (6 May 2003) European Court of Human Rights Bukta v Hungary [2007] ECHR Application No 25691/04 (17 July 2007) Chandler v DPP [1964] AC 763 Christians Against Racism and Fascism v UK, App. No. 8440/78, 21 DR 138 (1980) Ciraklar v Turkey, App. No.19601/92, 80-A/B (E) D.R. 46 at 52 (1995) Director of Public Prosecutions v Jones [1999] AC 240, accessed 29th December 2013 ECHR 2012, accessed 28th December 2013, G v Federal Republic of Germany, Appl. No. 13079/87, (6th march 1989), 60 DR 256 Gustafsson v Sweden (1996...
8 Pages(2000 words)Essay

Human Rights/Political Rights

In his writings, he deals with the concept of just actions on the part of government officials and defines just actions as actions undertaken for the good of the majority. In dealing with the concept of governmental freedom and boundaries, he conceived of the concept of utilitarianism whereby the actions are men are judge based on their ability to bring good to the vast majority. In his conception of freedom, he viewed men as dynamic beings-beings capable of making autonomous decisions and assessing whether those decisions will benefit the vast majority. He embodied the notion that in benefiting the majority, a minority might be harmed. He expressed the notion that the harm brought to the minority is simply a casualty of undertak...
4 Pages(1000 words)Essay

International Relations Theory Human Rights Formal

...Human rights are relevant in many different ways. They influence us both directly and indirectly, in terms of what we understand our human rights to be and how we use them to shape the kind of society we live in. Human rights form an important part of our collective consciousness; they provide us with basic standards by which we can identify and measure inequality and unfairness. Relatively, the establishment and development of universal human rights standards in international human rights instruments over the past 50 years have heightened awareness around the world about issues concerning human rights. The fact that our rights are enshrined in numerous instruments, many of which are legally binding, is testament to the weight...
7 Pages(1750 words)Term Paper

Human Rights/Political Rights

...HUMAN RIGHTS AND POLITICAL RIGHTS This paper has been written on basis of the works done by Simone deBeauvoir, JohnStuart Mill and some of the political writings by Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi. The reviews of above mentioned authors have been taken into consideration while preparing this paper. The human and political rights are the important aspects in today’s social life. Every human being has been provided with some basic fundamental rights by their governments to exist in society, which he/she has to follow. Then there are political rights that are used to protect basic fundamental rights. The paper presents the necessity of human and political rights and special rights given to minority communities. The importance...
4 Pages(1000 words)Essay

Neural basis of game theory

... Neural Basis of Game Theory Introduction The decision making process in the social groups consists of two distinguishing feature: being human factor, and the animal constant change of behavior to suit their physical and social behavior. The situation does not create room for behavior predictions in various circumstances; as the parties making the decisions are subject to change. In the cases of animals, it requires a highly adaptive decision making strategies for one to forecast various outcomes. Secondly decision makers can have favorites, in relation to consequences. This may result to bias decision towards one individual as opposed to the other, and hence select an action that will develop or degrade the well being of others. Various...
2 Pages(500 words)Essay

Non Human Primates in Medical Research

...Non-Human Primates in Medical Research A lot of controversy surrounds the use of primate animals like monkeys and gorillas in science. All over the world, millions of primates are used in the medical world for various research experimental purposes. Primates are mammalians that is inclusive of monkeys and apes. Although many people argue that use of primates in research is unethical, medical research cannot do away with them due to various reasons. First, non-human primates play a major role in improving the health of humans for their use in experiments. The biggest advancements in the medical field that relate to causes, progression, prevention, and treatment of most of human diseases are based on primates. They are useful in safety...
1 Pages(250 words)Essay

Universal Human Rights in Theory and Practice

... and coordination among states, where they are willing to balance sovereignty with creating a social order where human rights are acknowledged and respected. It asserts the role of international relations in making human rights urgent and legitimate to all. Thus, the internationalist model uses global relations to institute human rights at an international scale. Work Cited Donnelly, Jack. Universal Human Rights in Theory and Practice. 2nd ed. New York: Cornell University Press, 2003. Print....
1 Pages(250 words)Essay

Theory and practice of human rights

...Question Critically examine the view that the politicisation of human rights is both inevitable in a world-system premised on interest, and a hindrance to the realization of the timeless values of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights (1948). 1.1 Introduction In this discourse, I shall start by conceptualizing the thematic concepts captured by the question including human rights, their codification under the Universal Declaration of Human Rights. The second part shall discuss how politics and state interest affects the realization of the timeless values of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights (1948). I shall then conclude by proffering an argument on how these premises can be limited so as to offer a reasonable and justifiable...
10 Pages(2500 words)Essay

International Trade Theory

 Further to this, it is also believed that international trade can bring substantial economic welfare to the countries however still most of the countries do not view it as a favorable thing. Despite having a very promising and bright outlook, international trade has been largely viewed with suspension and it is because of this that governments impose barriers to restrict international trade. There can be many reasons behind this act of imposing restrictions or blocking international trade however there are also benefits on the other side too.

International trade has driven the attention of many of the brilliant minds in economics therefore the origins of the economic theory on international trade owe much to the c...
6 Pages(1500 words)Case Study

The Evolution of Human Resource Management

The employee was sent to HR for a final briefing where he mentioned that he had been requesting a change in the shift for the last few weeks he has to attend to his ailing father. His superior continuously ignored the request. The employee was skill and aptitude tested and reassigned to a different project.
This is a small incident where an HR professional can play a vital role. An organization is also constantly looking for such solutions from its Human Resource Department. It is this expertise and skill, which a budding professional from any institute should be equipped.
Such valuable certification programs initiated by the Human Resource Department surely help build a successful organization. The Human resource depart...
6 Pages(1500 words)Term Paper

Problems of Human Activities

A lion’s share of the industrial, cultural and academic leadership is made up of the baby boomers. The baby boomers also have the highest median household income in the United States of America. An undue burden is being placed by these baby boomers on their children’s economy. They are in a state of denial regarding their aging and death and thereby they do not plan for their retirement. Since there is a too rapid decline in population the immigrants help in maintaining the fertility rate and population of the country. This too leads to a plethora of problems. These immigrants sometimes do not join the mainstream of their adopted country and live in groups following their own culture and customs instead of assimilating...
7 Pages(1750 words)Term Paper

Contemporary American Catholic Homiletic Theory and Practice

...Overview of Contemporary American Catholic Homiletic Theory and Practice Luke 4:16-21 The foundation moment in Christian preaching is written in Luke4:16-21, when Jesus went into the synagogue in Nazareth and stood up to read the scroll of the prophet Isaiah “and he begun by saying to them, ‘today this scripture is fulfilled in your hearing’”. (Luke 4:21) Upon the ripening of time, Jesus stood at that moment as the prophetic speaker proclaiming God’s scriptural Word, declaring the fulfillment of the prophecy in Isaiah in his person. He spoke in revelation of the fulfillment of written words to a congregation, laying down the foundation of Christian preaching that has since been the basic implement in the sustenance and propagation...
6 Pages(1500 words)Case Study

The British Constitution vs The Human Rights Act 1998

This research essay analyses the above statement and arrives at a conclusion.
Integration of the provisions of ECHR into U.K’s domestic law by way of HRA 1998 can be regarded as revolutionary as it facilitates the majority of the ECHR rights provisions directly applicable in the U.K. Before that integration, a U.K Court has to presume that when there is a clash between U.K’s domestic law and ECHR rights provision, the ECHR rights provision will always prevail. This principle has been laid down in R v Secretary of Home Dept ex parte Brind1 and R v Secretary of Home Dept ex parte Thakrar. 2
Courts have now the power to declare any statue which they find incompatible with ECHR provisions and order for fine-tunin...
9 Pages(2250 words)Case Study

The Law on Physical Punishment of Children Fails to give Sufficient Respect to Childrens Rights

Under the English criminal law, several past and current legislations were made in order to protect the children from corporal punishment or becoming a victim of physical abuse. Despite our effort to prevent parents from using physical force in disciplining their children, the British Government remains unconvinced that the law which protects the children from physical punishment is sufficient (Keating, 2008). Physical punishment such as ‘smacking’, ‘slapping’, ‘kicking’, or ‘spanking’ is referring to the act of causing a degree of pain or discomfort to the child. (Niland, 2009, p. 6) With regard to the legal issues behind child protection against physical abuse, this study aims to d...
6 Pages(1500 words)Coursework

Project Planning Human Capital

Project planning involves a lot of factors and areas that we need to address for the effective management and handling of the project. The aim of this report is to provide a deep insight into some of the main areas that we need to address for the project of Adams's family farmhouse renovation. These issues are project team communication, project risk management, and deadline handling. Effective communication in a project provides a huge advantage regarding the better working and handling of the project. I have selected a very significant project regarding the preservation of the old and historical places. Here we require effective communication to provide better interaction among the designer, developers, and history preservation...
8 Pages(2000 words)Coursework

Free Cash Flows Theory

These are not hard and fast rules in determining the capital structure which should best affect a firms value. These theories lay down the benefits and the costs when a firm chooses what it sees as an adequate mix to maximise the shareholders value.

One of the implications where this research can lead include the possibility of the effectiveness in maximising shareholder value by employing two or more theories in capital structure decisions. Because these theories are more conditional by nature, probing which combinations when used for capital structure decisions are more effective in arriving at the goal of maximising firm value can be another subject for further research.
The role of capital structure in increasi...
11 Pages(2750 words)Case Study

Universal Declaration of Human Rights

An assessment regarding the binding nature of the provisions of the UDHR was made in this work. The UDHR was instrumental in the development of international law, specifically the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (ICCPR) and the International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights (ICESCR). Furthermore, the role of ICCPR and ICESCR, which derive from the UDHR were examined. This was done by referring to case law and the opinions of various authors. It also analyzed UN Charter provisions, such as the preamble, Article 1(3), 2, 13(1), 51, 55, 56, 62(2) and 68.3

This work arrived at conclusions, by establishing the binding nature of the UDHR on the member states. The UDHR was rendered binding...
8 Pages(2000 words)Case Study

Management Theory and Practice in the Early Childhood Education Industry

... individuals carry out their own prescribed roles and traditional teaching systems do conform to this framework (Cole, 2004: 25-27). One of the criticisms of this theory is that bureaucracy can be dehumanizing and inefficient through red tape. In the field of education, this could mean that sometimes, the welfare of young children could be negatively impacted (Ritzer, 2000). As a result, motivating these employees is vital to ensure that business profits are maintained. Conclusions: On the basis of the above, it may be concluded that of all the three management theories discussed above, Max Weber’s bureaucratic theory appears to have the highest level of relevance in the field of early childhood education. Fayol’s theory has limited...
6 Pages(1500 words)Coursework
sponsored ads
We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.

Let us find you another Essay on topic The Theory of Mindshould primates be afforded Human Rights on the basis that they are conscious for FREE!

Contact Us