Contact Us
Sign In / Sign Up for FREE
Go to advanced search...

Comparing Traditional Catholicism to Catholicism in Africa - Essay Example

Comments (0) Cite this document
The traditional African peoples of the sub-Sahara have a very high sense of the Sacred. There is reverence for sacred places, persons and objects. Religion enfolds the whole of life, and there is no dichotomy between the secular and the religious, the sacred and the profane, the visible and the invisible…
Download full paperFile format: .doc, available for editing
GRAB THE BEST PAPER99% of users find it useful
Comparing Traditional Catholicism to Catholicism in Africa
Read TextPreview

Extract of sample "Comparing Traditional Catholicism to Catholicism in Africa"

Download file to see previous pages For the Africans, man is not just homo religiosus in the classical sense. He eats, drinks, sleeps, works and does practically every thing religiously.
The Catholic presence in Africa was re-shaped by the twin events of decolonization and Vatican Council 2 between 1962-65 (Hastings, 1989). In Vatican's aim to evangelize, priests and missionaries were encouraged to use the vernacular in worship called vernacular liturgy as well as the development of African hymnody and instrumentation "...The most important single effect in Africa in popular terms of the Council has been the change in singing, in hymns, in music, in the use of musical instruments," (Hastings, 1989). It was also noted that Vatican II also encouraged African Catholics to read Protestant vernacular translations of the Bible.
But the "westernization" of Catholicism, particularly reduction of approval on healing shrines, holy water, statues and candles, resisted by African Catholics. Likewise, by 1994, ninety percent (90%) of the hierarchy was African as symbolized by the African Synod. Catechists mostly married lay men also became instrumental in the spread of Catholicism in the 20th century.
In the African Synod led by the late pope John Paul II, emphasized marriage to be in-cultured for it had been a problem within the African Catholic community having irregular marriages. Since traditional African marriage was not recognized, African priests were encouraged to incorporate the sacramental blessings of the church to the traditional marriage ceremony.
Problems arose when traditional African marriages is not finalized until a woman proved her fertility through childbirth, which did not fit into Catholic practices. Intermarriages of religions, with Protestants, likewise, banned children from committing communion and this further widen the gap. One particular incident in Rwanda was the inciting of racial hatred and genocidal violence between Tutsis and Hutu between both Catholics and the church was not able to contain nor control the violence, although today, confession, repentance and reconciliation are being worked out (Lettinga, 2000).
By the time the Pope John Paul II died, there were already about 100 million Catholics in Africa and nearly 30 million are Congolese (Quist-Arcton, 2005). Interestingly, Lamin Sanneh reported that Senegal, a Muslim majority with about 90 percent of its population as Islam believers, include Catholic holidays as national holiday (Suarez, 2005) that include the Feast of the Assumption of the Blessed Virgin.
Cardinal Thiandoum, the Relator-General for the African Synod remarked (qtd, Isizoh (1996):
Many Christians, at "breaking points of life", have recourse to practices of the traditional religion, or to prayer houses, healing homes, "prophets", witchcraft or fortune-tellers. Some turn to African Independent Churches (sometimes considered a syncretistic Christian cum African Traditional Religion) where they feel that certain elements of their culture are more respected. Few of them return to African Traditional Religion. All these movements indicate that the spiritual yearning of these people for an authentic expression of the African spirituality ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
Cite this document
  • APA
  • MLA
(“Comparing Traditional Catholicism to Catholicism in Africa Essay”, n.d.)
Retrieved from
(Comparing Traditional Catholicism to Catholicism in Africa Essay)
“Comparing Traditional Catholicism to Catholicism in Africa Essay”, n.d.
  • Cited: 0 times
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment or rate a document

CHECK THESE SAMPLES OF Comparing Traditional Catholicism to Catholicism in Africa

Against Catholicism. Martin Luther King

... Against Catholicism What is more powerful than religion? There is no doubt that masses of nations are driven and manipulated by the Church. There are many opponents to these tendencies. Martin Luther King was the strongest opponent to religious oppression of masses. When we read the lines of Martin Luther King of 1535 we hear angry and hateful, indignant parishioner, who was cheated by the Catholic Church. What was so indignant for him in Catholicism? He heard that a pope boasted that he was a head of the Church. Mr. King thought, like every devoted religious person, that the head of Church was God and not a pope! These words are indignant for every follower of religion. The Pope justified his words by the explanation that Jesus Christ...
2 Pages(500 words)Essay

African slavery and African Catholicism

... African slavery and African Catholicism Introduction Many historians and scholars hold that the domination of European rule in Africa caused African slavery and the development of African Catholicism. However, there is much evidence showing that the development of African slavery and African Catholicism occurred due to deep rooted African systems and an already established traditional form of religion. This paper will argue that the assertion held by most scholars that these aspects are products of European domination, are not sufficient. It will provide the premise that African Catholicism developed as a product of traditional religion with reference to Christianity in Kongo. It will also provide evidence of the roots and development...
5 Pages(1250 words)Essay


... Catholicism The term Catholicism has been used along the Christian circles to describe the universal nature, the continuity of the Catholic Church and the beliefs thereof. According to the Free Online Dictionary, it refers to ‘the faith, doctrine, system, and practice of a catholic church, especially the Roman Catholic Church’. The Catholic Church is believed to be one of the ancient beliefs among the early people, especially among the Romans. The belief is based on the doctrines of the bible but it also goes beyond to incorporate spirituality, theology, and liturgy. Catholicism is characterized the strict adherence of the Catholic Church to the traditions, the See of Rome, communion, sacraments and meditation. The rise of Catholicism...
5 Pages(1250 words)Essay

Catholicism in Medieval Europe

... starting to discuss the topic of the essay, it should be beneficial to point out the main statements, met in literature as for the possible impact, which religion may create on the economic development of any country. When considering the Bible as a complex social and ethical teachings, it is necessary to account, that it does not contain any 'definite system of theoretical and practical knowledge',1 but only the essential features of faith and morality are described; the Bible gives only the basis for behavioral patterns of human business life. The influence of Catholicism on the dynamics of the market system development can not be unilaterally evaluated. The development of capitalism in Italy, Spain, Portugal and the related countries...
8 Pages(2000 words)Essay

Protestantism and Catholicism

Other significant concerns expressed by Martin Luther entailed the notion that there were fundamental ideological differences between the religious truths as Martin Luther saw it and the doctrine of the Catholic Church. These differences included the notion of purgatory, particular judgment, devotion to Mary, the intercession of the saints, most of the sacraments, and the authority of the Pope.1 These ideological differences led to a split within the Catholic Church. This split effectively led to the creation of the Protestant Church as well as a difference in the way in which both churches set out to negotiate with the popular culture of the time. This paper will focus on these differences and illuminate the underlying cau...
6 Pages(1500 words)Essay

Women in Catholicism

The Gospels give account of the presence and importance of women in the company of Jesus and His interactions with them. Prominent among them are Mary and Martha, sisters of Lazarus, the friends of Jesus, and Mary Magdalene. The Gospels also mention Mary Magdalene as among the witnesses of the resurrection. But Paul, the founder of Christianity, does not mention any woman witness at the event and women could not become priests or bishops like the men (Kilgo).
Whatever roles women traditionally played in early Christianity, the leaders of the evolving Catholic church clarified that women could not have official positions in the orthodox Church (Kilgo 2006). Paul refers to women, as well as to men, as his fellow evangelists. Sou...
6 Pages(1500 words)Essay

Medieval Roman Catholicism in Christianity

... salvation has been emphasized more than in other Christian traditions. Supernatural life is mediated to Christians through the sacraments administered by the hierarchy to whom obedience is due” (Roman Catholic Church, 2010). The origins of Roman Catholicism were instrumental in proffering the existence of God, as proven in five ways, to wit: from motion, from the nature of efficient cause, from possibility and necessity, from the gradation in things, and from the governance of the world (Fisher, 2007). The role, therefore of medieval Roman Catholicism was to pave the way for the proliferation of theological frameworks for teachings in Christianity which have been the basis for religious applications of contemporary times. Conclusion Known...
2 Pages(500 words)Essay

The Religion of Catholicism

Jesus Christ is considered as the founder of it with the date of its origin being around the first millennium AD (Chavis, 2009). In terms of creation of the man, this religion holds to its belief of man as being created by God with a soul and Adam as being the first man.
Catholicism has a firm belief in only one supreme authority that is of god, that alone is the creator of heaven and earth. He is the infinite power that embodies all the traits of wisdom, goodness, justice, and love; all of which are reflected in his creation of universe and humankind. The main source of the authority for the Catholics comes from the Bible, Tradition, the Creeds, the Bishops and the Pope among others but the ultimate authority is in the hand...
9 Pages(2250 words)Term Paper

Comparing and Contrasting Christianity and Catholicism

... Comparing and Contrasting Christianity and Catholicism The title of this paper makes it clear its author does not consider Catholicism as being a Christian religion, which is not true according to the majority of information found on the internet. Therefore, the thesis of this paper is that “There are some differences between Catholics and Other Christians.” In fact, as Ebert (2011) says, “Worldwide, over half of Christianity is Catholic (about 1.2 billion out of 1.5 – 2.0 billion end of 2007). An oft-asked question is, “Are you Protestant or Catholic,” but not “Are you Christian or Catholic.” However, regrettably, Protestants have often been heard saying, “Catholics are not Christians,” but Catholics have never, to the best...
3 Pages(750 words)Research Paper

Response about Lutheranism and Catholicism

Response about Lutheranism and Catholicism Lutheranism is a branch of western Christianity based on the teachings of Martin Luther. Luther made concerted efforts to reform the theology and practice of the church by launching the Protestant Reformation. Catholicism, on the other hand, refers to churches and Christians belonging to the Catholic Church in communion with the Holy See. The two brands of Christianity have various similarities and differences between them.
Lutheranism and Catholicism share many similarities. First, both are sacramental churches. The Catholic Church partakes of seven sacraments, including baptism, reconciliation, confirmation, communion and holy orders among others (Breuilly, O’Brien & Palmer, p. 43)....
2 Pages(500 words)Book Report/Review

Traditional Women in the Modern World

It is within the family that many attributes of gender inequality are generated and replicated. Economic and interpersonal dependence on both genders and in various instances more vicious forms of inferiority, are classic elements of marriage and family. Women’s long-established roles leave them with the trouble of widespread domestic and nurturance obligations in addition to limited authority within the family. These trends represent gender inequality within the home and are echoed in the ideology justifying a gender-separated workforce in which women’s earnings and prospects are disproportionate to men’s. While almost every woman has some family bonds to men, by their kinship ties to their fathers and brothers,...
9 Pages(2250 words)Assignment

Traditional Theories of Leadership

They now focus more on doing things whilst thinking about the times that will follow; building upon their strengths and aiming to address the grey areas. The eventual emphasis within the modern theories of leadership has been centered on the premise of bringing about a change that remains abreast of the times that will come ahead (Lynch, 2006). Changing the dynamic mindset of the organizational processes and behaviors is a significant undertaking and this has rightly been pointed out by these modern theories under the leadership tenet. The visionary role of leadership has made things easier, focused on the long term actions and sought clarification from the goal setting and objectives’ regimes (Zaleznik, 1989). The new theor...
6 Pages(1500 words)Assignment

Primary Health Care in South Africa

The achievements in terms of primary health care in South Africa, in spite of several efforts in the past, still remains largely fragmented. There have been several persistent attempts including those at local as well as international levels, to revive the health care services in the country, but the impact of such efforts has been limited and the country continues to lag behind in terms of providing satisfactory levels of primary health care facilities to its citizens. The failure of policies to revive and elevate the status of the country's health care system could be on account of several factors such as hostile state interventions, or the unfavorable policy environment that dominated the apartheid era.

The countr...

6 Pages(1500 words)Term Paper

Using Computers to Teach Mathematics is Better than Traditional Methods

...Using computers to teach Mathematics is better than traditional methods Computer technology has changed the face of education, and is a useful tool in the teaching of other subjects as well with Mathematics being no exception. Various calculating devices have long been used in Mathematics, but the computer offers an even greater potential. Some teachers are reluctant to use computers, for example on the grounds that it is an expensive option and not every child has access to one at home, but its prevalence nowadays means that students should be given the opportunity to use computers in their Mathematics lessons. They have the advantage of being able to make complex calculations much quicker, demonstrate graphical visualisations, instilling...
7 Pages(1750 words)Case Study

Comparing the Brave New World and Todays World

... A Brave New World 26 February Introduction Man has always wondered since time immemorial about his ultimate place in the big universe. He had attempted to find meaning in this scheme of things without much success. A key repeated theme is seeming failure to find that true meaning that will justify his existence. What usually happens is that the more Man goes deeper into the search for ultimate meaning, the more he finds nothing. This is confounding, to say the least, and goes to show how useless the search could be. Many people had been doing this search several times and came up with nothing. Out of this seeming hopelessness and uselessness came the philosophical idea of the absurd – that Mans search for individual meaning... A Brave New...
8 Pages(2000 words)Term Paper

Critical Appraisal of the Research about Traditional Chinese Medicine and Acupuncture by Melchart

...Critical appraisal of Melchart et al. (2005) This work is a critical appraisal of Melchart et al. (2005) which is a quantitative research. Aim of the research. The aim or objective of the research is to “investigate the effectiveness of acupuncture compare with minimal acupuncture and with no acupuncture in patients with tension-type headache. Appropriateness of quantitative research methodology. A quantitative research methodology is highly appropriate for the research objective. Quantitative research methodology can allow us to determine whether the quantitative differences among the effects of treatment vary across treatments. The three modes of treatment are acupuncture, minimal acupuncture, and no acupuncture. Fundamentally...
6 Pages(1500 words)Term Paper

Constraints of Small Business Development in South Africa

... similar criteria; most commonly the number of employees is the key criterion for characterizing a business as ‘small’. In accordance with Little (2005) the term small business is used for describing a firm with up to 499 employees, in accordance with the description given by the Small Business Administration (USA). The annual revenues of a business is another criterion for the characterization of this business as ‘small’; in the study of Hillman (2001) it is noted that a business is characterized as small when its annual revenues are up to $25 million. 3. Overview of the Small Business Context In South Africa, the criteria used for the characterization of businesses as small are slightly differentiated compared to the criteria used...
7 Pages(1750 words)Research Paper

The Ways of Traditional Theories of Employment Relations for Understanding the Modern Australian Workplace

...To what extent, and in what ways, do the traditional theories of employment relations help us to understand the modern Australian workplace? Contents Abstract 3 Introduction 3 Justification for Choosing the Issues 4 Theories on Employment Relations and Australian Workplace 6 Conclusions 9 References 10 Abstract The paper on employee relations discuses the different emerging and existing concepts of employee relations in the light of the Australian workplace. It focuses on key employment issues generating in the Australian soil pertaining to unfair trade practices at the workplace and the reduction of the power of trade unions. To this end, several theories of employment relations are analysed to understand the potential...
8 Pages(2000 words)Research Paper

Apples Africa Strategy

Over the past few decades, the landscape underlying the economic scenario in a major portion of Sub-Saharan Africa has undergone a fundamental change. A significant area of the African continent has exhibited economic growth in an uninterrupted manner for the first time in the modern history of the continent.

Apple Computer, Inc., was established on April 1, 1977, in California. The company along with its wholly-owned subsidiaries (collectively named as ‘Apple’) designs and manufactures mobile communication devices and other media devices, personal computers, “portable digital music players” (United States Securities and Exchange Commission, 2012) and various other services and peripherals. In t...
9 Pages(2250 words)Case Study

A Significant Difference between Online and Traditional Marketing Exists

... of this media form is significantly the individuals in the remote rural areas. The key disadvantage of this media form is the fact that it may receive little coverage since its duration is usually shorter as compared to its online counterpart, which is available at virtually all times (Barker & Angelopulo, 2005). However, the coverage of the online advertisement is only applicable to individuals with easy access to the internet. Owing to this characteristic, the traditional advertisement form is applicable to the particularly aged individuals, while the online advertisement has significance while attempting to reach the young individuals within the urban centers who have access to the internet. Online coverage continues to expand as more...
6 Pages(1500 words)Term Paper
sponsored ads
We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.

Let us find you another Essay on topic Comparing Traditional Catholicism to Catholicism in Africa for FREE!

Contact Us