StudentShare
Contact Us
Sign In / Sign Up for FREE
Search
Go to advanced search...

Wartime and Postwar British Cinema - Essay Example

Comments (0) Cite this document
Summary
It seems that the beginning of the Second World War posed a real threat to British film production industry. The result was the general decrease in home-grown British cinema industry during the period 1937-1939. Shepperton was not in use, Pinewood was closed, and Amalgamated Studios were beaten by the more powerful competitors…
Download full paperFile format: .doc, available for editing
GRAB THE BEST PAPER94.5% of users find it useful
Wartime and Postwar British Cinema
Read TextPreview

Extract of sample "Wartime and Postwar British Cinema"

Download file to see previous pages The aim of the pressure was also to restrict the growing impact of Americanism(Aldgate 1994).
Anyway The Board of Trade was rather happy to have the opportunity to rely on USA import and American companies were of importance as they handle percentage of produced British films. Then the situation changed and British film-making industry became profitable (Warners, Twentieth Century Fox, Columbia, MGM, etc). The mentioned studios were allowed to produce British films at their British studios.
The main British studios of that period were Ealing, Gainsborough and British National. All of them emerged in the 1930s and survived severe War, because of wealthy patriotic backers. Michael Balcon became Head of Production at Ealing Studio in 1938. The company was backed by the Courtlaud family. British National was found as it was mentioned by Arthur Rank (flour millionaire) and later took over Elstree. Gainsborough was backed by the financier Isidore Ostreer and the company had contacts with Twentieth Century Fox and MGM(MacKillap 2003).
Ealing was under the influence of Michael Balcon who was the Head of Production since 1939. The company was dominating in the film production market. For the next years Balcon maintained a commitment to "British films", although the budget was very modest and poor. Balcon took a number of talented figures with hi such as Charles Critchon, Charles Frend, Robert Hamer, Henry Watt, Basil Dearden and Cavalcanti. The main war-time films of that period were "In Which We Serve", "The Big Blockade", "The Foreman Went to War", "Went the Day Well". However, then Ealing understood that British society was really tired of was films and the company responded to the new film movement for popular social change. That was rational decision influencing all its further film productions(MacKillap 2003).
The early years of British cinema were dominated by Ealing, especially by Ealing comedies aimed at lower middle class, against bureaucracy and at celebrating brave community spirit. For example, films "Passport to Pimlico" and "Whiskey Galore" established the new trend to fight for anarchic libertarian rights. Nevertheless later that formula became also boring and conservative. In the result the Ealing comedy gave rise to the next generation of comedies(Street 1997).
Ealing Drama and Comedy: Interaction
Charles Barr (Ealing Studios, script writer) wrote (Lou 2003): "The drama is Ealing's picture of how things have to be in a society which rightly inhibits individual deems and desires for self-fulfillment. The comedy is a daydream, a fantasy outlet for those urges".
It is a well-known fact that Ealing studios were built in 1932 by a theatre director Basil Dean who was the former of film production company Associated Talking Pictures (ATP) in 1929. The company made more than 60 films during the period of 1930s, but then its fortune significantly declined. It was phased out and then replaced by a production company which bore the studio's name. Michael Balcon, who earlier was the Head of Production at Gaumont-British, became the head of Ealing during 1930s. The style and ideology of the Ealing films were strongly influenced by ideas of national identity and national interests. All the films of that period were based on those ideas(Lou 2003).
When Balcon was the head, the company's aim was to become the voice of social conscience and to ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
Cite this document
  • APA
  • MLA
  • CHICAGO
(“Wartime and Postwar British Cinema Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 2500 words”, n.d.)
Wartime and Postwar British Cinema Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 2500 words. Retrieved from https://studentshare.org/miscellaneous/1506866-wartime-and-postwar-british-cinema
(Wartime and Postwar British Cinema Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 2500 Words)
Wartime and Postwar British Cinema Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 2500 Words. https://studentshare.org/miscellaneous/1506866-wartime-and-postwar-british-cinema.
“Wartime and Postwar British Cinema Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 2500 Words”, n.d. https://studentshare.org/miscellaneous/1506866-wartime-and-postwar-british-cinema.
  • Cited: 0 times
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment or rate a document

CHECK THESE SAMPLES OF Wartime and Postwar British Cinema

Postwar Literature

...?POSTWAR LITERATURE Module Module ID: POSTWAR LITERATURE By looking into the history of theworld at large, it becomes crystal clear that wars and conflicts always bring death, destruction, devastation and despair in their wake, affects of which appear to be long lasting and dreadful ones for the future generations to come. It is particularly the case with the two Great Wars, which not only deteriorated the social, cultural and financial activities of the affected states, but also paved the way towards determining of new international boundaries by annihilating the previous map of the world at large. Being the reflection of the incidents taking place within a social establishment, refined pieces of literature portray the true picture...
6 Pages(1500 words)Essay

British Cinema and Industry 1980 and Present

...?What are the chief characteristics of British cinema, in terms of themes and styles, today? How have they changed since the British cinema of the 1980s? Cinema is a very important medium of entertainment for people all over the world. Films are generally regarded based on their genre which means they have different characteristics and styles. Films can belong to the genre of Western, comedy, horror, romantic, thriller and many more. Each genre of cinema has distinct narratives and themes. They are also known by their specific iconography and characters. Another important aspect that marks the identity of a film is its styling element like lighting, camera, sound etc. General audiences usually enjoy repetitions of elements that they can...
4 Pages(1000 words)Essay

The Role of Class in British Cinema

...?The Role in British Cinema The King’s Speech The King’s Speech narrates a story of a man obliged to speak to the entire world with a stammer. It is a painful experience for an individual who is stammering to speak to the other person. Facing a microphone and knowing that the British Empire is listening must be frightening. At the time of the mentioned speech, approximately a quarter of the world’spopulation would be listening, particularly people from Germany. In 1939, Britain was engaging into war with the Germany and listeners of the speech required an individual with resolve, clarity, and firmness in his voice and not a stammer with punctuated and tortured silences (Ebert 2011, p320). George VI was the king and he never wanted...
10 Pages(2500 words)Essay

British cinema

...? BRITISH CINEMA By Location Introduction The content of media is a reflection of the society; this assertionis true. In most cases the films, the plays, the literary works are inspired by the occurrences in the society, which in turn forms the basis of themes used in the artistic. The paper discusses two videos, which puts into perspective the political environment that exists in the Britain. Renowned director Ken Loch directs the videos. They include Riff-Raff (1990) and Raining Stone (1993). The videos balance the use of fiction and non-fiction in order to achieve social realism. The society is always grappling with a lot challenges such as poverty, poor governance, disasters and such challenges dictates the context within...
12 Pages(3000 words)Essay

Propaganda and British Cinema

It mostly applies to the human sense of sight.
British film descended from French Lumiere brothers in 1892 and their first show was in 1896.The first moving picture was in 1889.The founder and the leader of documentary movement was John Grierson.He had the believe that film and documentary film could make a significant impact in the society by providing an effective medium between the state and the public. The government used the authors and actors of films to execute its propaganda agenda. J and Church -Gibson (1995)
During Second World War, Movies were mainly used to promote the popular image of the nation and emphasize on patriotism. These films were about people affected by the war and the effect of war in the society...
10 Pages(2500 words)Essay

British Cinema 2

...BRITISH CINEMA INTRODUCTION AND HISTORY The cinema in United Kingdom has produced a great many stars and quality films over the years and they are hardly second to anyone as far as the production, distribution and exhibition of the films are concerned. The British films have been awarded with Academy Awards and Oscars and they are certainly considered important when it comes to the history of films in general. However, the development in British cinema has not been without its shares of ups and downs. There have been times when it has faced rapid development in technology, quality, quantity and screening of films while there have been times, when, despite on-going production, the screening of films have faced hindrances. A little research...
9 Pages(2250 words)Essay

British Postwar Cinema 1960-1990

...THE BRITISH NEW WAVE -- A CINEMA OF THE AUTEUR OR A CINEMA OF THE Portraying the ‘gritty social realism’ of post war years, the British New Wave cinema of the late 1950s and early 1960s artistically captured the sentiments and sensitivities of the angry and disillusioned young working class of the industrial north, placing them at the forefront of contemporary culture. Although the New Wave movement lasted only a few years, from 1959-1963, and the total films in the genre were just about half a dozen, the British New Wave continue to be revered for the powerful themes and evocative cinematography, the film critics of the time envisaging these movies to be heralding a ‘renaissance in British cinema.’ [Aldgate, 2006] While British New Wave...
10 Pages(2500 words)Essay

Wartime Rape

...Running head: Wartime Rape Conquest and Violence: Piercing the Veil of Wartime Rape Introduction It has always been a given that the images painted by every war recorded in human history are those of devastation, cultural annihilation and moral obliteration. The degree of destruction of course varies with each war and society affected by it but like history repeating itself, there are aspects of war that never fail to surface. One of these recurring occurrences is sexual coercion in times of war (Crooks & Baur, 2008). Although there may not be available accurate data on the number of wartime rapes committed due to prejudiced reporting and the silence of the victims themselves, if what has been reported is any indication...
7 Pages(1750 words)Research Paper

Postwar Hollywood Film Industry

... hegemonic force distributing powerful images of America and its way of life to the rest of the world”. Thereby, Hollywood entered its “classical” era and turned into a huge business giving birth to numerous genres including those peculiar for the postwar period. Generally, the filmmaking industry of Hollywood underwent radical changes and therefore content, inner form and style of films produced after the war changed considerably. However, after the war, the industry entered the period of decline and decrease in cinema attendance. These changes partially came from the industry’s external factors. Many war veterans came back home, they started settling their lives, getting married and creating families, attending colleges and purchasing...
10 Pages(2500 words)Term Paper

British Airways Marketing Communications Mix

By reducing commissions of travel agents, they have not only reduced the cost of selling but now also have a direct approach to the end consumers. Airlines differ in the ways in which they use the marketing communication and the marketing mix in terms of their expenditure and the style. This report will evaluate the marketing communications employed by BA in its strategy.

The four major marketing communications mix according to Kotler are advertising, personal selling, sales promotion and public relations. Intensive selling is the most important marketing communications factor (Avlonitis & Papastathopoulou, 2000). BA adopts, alters and changes the marketing communications mix as the market demands. It keeps introduc...
10 Pages(2500 words)Report

Argument for Increased Prison Sentences in British Criminal Justice

The addition of prison time, while effective for keeping habitual criminals off the street, serves to further overcrowd prisons. This situation creates a ‘revolving door’ effect which releases violent criminals early and adds to an environment that is hardly conducive to rehabilitation.

A strong argument for increased prison sentences is the positive consequences of deterrence. However, the significant increase in the prison population has not correlated with a similar reduction in violent crime. The evidence showing whether an increase in prisoners is cost-effective in regards to a reduction of crime is mixed. Research demonstrates that “prison may have cost beneficial for violent crimes, but it also...
7 Pages(1750 words)Essay

Easements in the System of the British Land Law

X and Y can enter into a contract to give effect to this requirement, but what if either X or Y sell their respective interests? How can a successor to Y (call him Z) enforce his right of access against X, even when X and Z have no contract? Easements are obligations that `run with the land and are therefore attached to the Title, not the person’ [1]. In accordance with the above term, the easement should be considered as a right ‘attached’ to a specific piece of land and not related to a particular person. Towards this direction, many similar definitions of easement highlight certain particular points that are usually examined when the above right is being examined as of its existence.

According to th...
16 Pages(4000 words)Term Paper

Changes to Cinema due to Television

Films tended to be fairly small and operated in an artisanal fashion, meaning just enough to make a short one and convey a message.  Sophistication came later, with the advent of the new inventions and new technology. Cinema owed its existence to the technological inventions and key developments in motion study and the optics. The medium would soon advance and the potential for the cinema to rival stage-based forms and generate profit attracted numerous entrepreneurs.

The movies were also used to convey messages depicting the behavior or culture of the people. The early films were the stylistic British films that were particularly impressive, incorporating the self-consciously inventive trick comedy of two films fr...
17 Pages(4250 words)Term Paper

Marketing Segmentation Strategy of British Airways

The relationship between attitude and behavior has also not been significant. Proper segmentation is the solution to make a differentiation. This requires a value-based segmentation. It is not possible to cater to all the people and hence the strengths should be ascertained through customer interactions. This helps in reaching the target segment and positioning the product according to the segment. Merely having a huge database is not a determinant of segmentation. The market is customer-driven and hence understanding the customer needs and wants is critical to success.

Globalization and internationalization have made market segmentation a strategic tool that companies have to use. It helps in well-informed decision mak...
12 Pages(3000 words)Case Study

Key Success Factors analysis of British Petroleum

Also, the paper will look at this initiative of bp from a critical point of view, thus making recommendations to improve the firm's competitive position.
British Petroleum, a British oil, and energy company got the strength and also a brand change when it ‘merged’ or ‘acquired’ with the American company, Amoco. According to the official version, British Petroleum merged with the Amoco Corporation (Amoco), forming bp Amoco in August 1998. “In 1998, Amoco and bp announced that they had merged, combining their worldwide operations into a single organization. Overnight, the new company, bp Amoco, became the largest producer of both oil and natural gas in the US.”(bp.com). Then as an exercise to...
10 Pages(2500 words)Case Study

British Involvement in Jewish Immigration to Palestine 1919-1939

Britain held close its cards on its motivation for throwing its support in one direction or another in the years between 1919 and 1939. Even though they were the force behind laying the foundation for the rise of Israel as an independent state, they also sent mixed messages making it difficult to say where, if anywhere, the British stood on Middle East relations and Israel.
While Britain’s role in the Middle East would change over the post World War I years, Britain acquired additional Middle Eastern territory following the war. Some Middle Eastern leaders sided with Germany during the war, and, as a result, in the aftermath of the war Britain’s Middle Eastern territories were increased (Kedourie, Elie, [Dann, Uri...
13 Pages(3250 words)Article

Sociology and the Cinema

However, sometimes, we need a little help; we don’t know everything in the world and we never will. We need to be educated.
To do that, this paper will place a movie under a sociological perspective, to be more specific, Pretty Woman (1990). While the story may be one from rags to riches it certainly isn’t a Cinderella one. In real life, there aren’t any fairy godmothers who can Bibbidibobbidiboo away our problems. Instead, we try and figure them out, attempt to solve them, and hope for the best.
I’ve decided to use two theories that I think best explain the way the characters in the movie behaved the way they did—the theory of individualism by Alexis De Tocqueville and the theory of feminis...
8 Pages(2000 words)Assignment

The British Constitution vs The Human Rights Act 1998

This research essay analyses the above statement and arrives at a conclusion.
Integration of the provisions of ECHR into U.K’s domestic law by way of HRA 1998 can be regarded as revolutionary as it facilitates the majority of the ECHR rights provisions directly applicable in the U.K. Before that integration, a U.K Court has to presume that when there is a clash between U.K’s domestic law and ECHR rights provision, the ECHR rights provision will always prevail. This principle has been laid down in R v Secretary of Home Dept ex parte Brind1 and R v Secretary of Home Dept ex parte Thakrar. 2
Courts have now the power to declare any statue which they find incompatible with ECHR provisions and order for fine-tunin...
9 Pages(2250 words)Case Study

Postwar America

... will persistently be the decisive tool that the nation’s economy will use in order to sustain its powerful and influential role in the global stadium. References Chafe, W., Sitkoff, H. & Bailey,B. (eds.). (2003). A History of Our Time: Readings on Postwar America. New York: Oxford University Press. Donaldson, G. (1997). Abundance and Anxiety: America, 1945-1960. Westport, CT: Praeger Publishers. Marty, M. A. (1997). Daily Life in the United States, 1960-1990. Westport, CT: Greenwood Press. Reeves, T. C. (2000). Twentieth-Century America. New York: Oxford University Press.... a few, good memories: times of ingenuity, independence and human sympathy. For the fulfillment of objectives, development and wealth; times spoiled, to be...
8 Pages(2000 words)Essay

What It Means to Be British

With such a correlation, sports have always integrated with and thereby influenced many countries’ history and importantly the social belief of their people. Many British sports, as well as British sportspersons, have indulged in certain actions on the field as well as off the field, which have reinforced as well as challenged many perceptions of the people. Thus, this paper will analyze how sports in the United Kingdom have both reinforced as well as challenged dominant social beliefs about what it means to be British.
Social practices of the people in a particular nation including the social practice of sports contribute actively to the formation of that nation’s identity, as the people construct meanings influe...
7 Pages(1750 words)Assignment
sponsored ads
We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.

Let us find you another Essay on topic Wartime and Postwar British Cinema for FREE!

Contact Us