StudentShare
Contact Us
Sign In / Sign Up for FREE
Search
Go to advanced search...
Free

Should The Pin-Up Photographs And Calendars Have Been Taken Down - Essay Example

Comments (0) Cite this document
Summary
This research is governed by the following research questions, which will aid in attaining objectives and aim of the research: Should the pin-up photographs and calendars have been taken down? Why or why not? Why might a supervisor deem it necessary to do so?…
Download full paperFile format: .doc, available for editing
GRAB THE BEST PAPER93.2% of users find it useful
Should The Pin-Up Photographs And Calendars Have Been Taken Down
Read TextPreview

Extract of sample "Should The Pin-Up Photographs And Calendars Have Been Taken Down"

1. Should the pin-up photographs and calendars have been taken down? Why or why not? Why might a supervisor deem it necessary to do so?
This author’s opinion is that the pin-up photographs and calendars should have been taken down. But it would have been more prudent to communicate to employees why they would be taken down. A simple reason could be that personal pin-up photographs and calendars, or any other personal poster for that matter, are not allowed in the workplace as an employer’s rule. The workplace is after all, the employer’s property. It may also be argued that the pin-up photographs and calendars create a sexually hostile environment for women, as it did for Barbara Hill. A woman is not expected to work in a sexually hostile work environment when she takes a job where most of her co-workers are men. She has the right to work in an environment free of sexual harassment and she is entitled to work where female employees are not made uncomfortable because of their gender (IET, 2002).
These may be the very reasons why the supervisor decided to take down the pin-up photographs and calendars, as well as shared Barbara Hill’s views regarding them. The supervisor may have believed it in his power or authority to take down the offensive materials.
However, although according to Chambers (2001), sexually suggestive or explicit photos can be used to support a hostile environment claim, he also contends that hostile environment law involves disparate treatment, not disparate impact. Funk (2001), therefore argues that there is no judicial support for prohibiting graphic representations in the workplace as long as no gender is was made to feel inferior or treated differently.
2. Should employees be permitted to voice their opinions at work even if other employees find them misguided or offensive? Does the right to free expression outweigh the right to a non-hostile working environment?
According to Standler (2000), the First Amendment to the U.S. Constitution establishes freedom of speech in the USA but this freedom has limitations. Only the government is prohibited from restricting speech. Private corporations are free to censor speech of their employees. Therefore, employees in private industry have no legal rights to freedom of speech.
That being said, an employer is well within his right to restrict employees from voicing their opinions at work, especially if other employees find them misguided or offensive. Sutherland (2003), further states that the employer has a duty to restrict the employee’s speech if it violates the anti-harassment or anti-discrimination laws, or if this is in retaliation against another employee for exercising legal rights.
Since it has already been established that there are employees have no rights to free expression in private industry, what is arguable and would weigh more are rights of employees to non-hostile working environments.

References
Chambers, H.L. (2001). Hostile environment law restricts sexually themed pictures. Retrieved 11 November 2008, from http://lists.ucla.edu/pipermail/conlawprof/2001-July/007707.html
Funk, B. (2001). Hostile environment law restricts sexually themed pictures. Retrieved 11 November 2008, from http://lists.ucla.edu/pipermail/conlawprof/2001-July/007710.html
IET-Interactive Employment Training. (2002). Sexual remarks and pin-ups. Retrieved 11 November 2008, from http://www.hrtrain.com/video/gui_sexualrem.html
Standler, R.B. (2000). Freedom of speech in USA for employees of private companies. Retrieved 11 November 2008, from http://www.rbs2.com/freespch.htm
Sutherland, K. (2003). Freedom of speech in the workplace: The first amendment revisited. Retrieved 11 November 2008, from http://library.findlaw.com/2003/Sep/30/133065.html Read More
Cite this document
  • APA
  • MLA
  • CHICAGO
(“Should The Pin-Up Photographs And Calendars Have Been Taken Down Essay - 1”, n.d.)
Retrieved de https://studentshare.org/miscellaneous/1506528-freedom-of-expression
(Should The Pin-Up Photographs And Calendars Have Been Taken Down Essay - 1)
https://studentshare.org/miscellaneous/1506528-freedom-of-expression.
“Should The Pin-Up Photographs And Calendars Have Been Taken Down Essay - 1”, n.d. https://studentshare.org/miscellaneous/1506528-freedom-of-expression.
  • Cited: 0 times
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment or rate a document

CHECK THESE SAMPLES OF Should The Pin-Up Photographs And Calendars Have Been Taken Down

Ansel Adams Photographs

... a famous land mark in Yosemite National Park. The former photograph, taken in the early 1940, intended to be part of a series of murals to celebrate the United States natural heritage by taking photographs of the various National Parks3. However, remarkably few photographs were taken due to interruptions by the Second World War. The few photos taken, however (including the Valley View), were breath taking and have since been used in many publications globally. An auction of the same photos has been sold in the family gallery, and they often fetch large sums of money not only because of their sentimental value, but also because of the stunning use of elements of design in the pictures. Elements and the Meaning of Photography For an image...
8 Pages(2000 words)Research Paper

Pimps up, ho's down

...?Hip Hop Culture: Its Role and Impact on the Creation of Sexual Abusers In wanting to fit in, teenagers engage in things, which could have been forbidden. Gone were the days, where teens value themselves through morality because what it is in, at this moment, is sexual pleasure. For instance, in the book written by Tracy Denean Sharpley-Whiting entitled “Pimps Up, Ho’s Down: Hip Hop’s Hold on Young Black Women” (2007) exposed to what degree hip hop music turned into an avenue to expressing how black women were becoming objects of sexual desires. In particular, the goal of the author was not to describe hip hop music or sexism, but to relate hip hop culture with the behavior of black women, especially in their response to the superiority...
6 Pages(1500 words)Essay

Chip and Pin Card Systems

... in overall. Implications of research From the research conducted, many factors have been determined, and it is immediately obvious that chip and pin technology is helpful to the business community and the society. First, it can be seen that chip and pin technology has been effective in reducing card fraud in the United Kingdom. This means that other countries that have not introduced chip and pin technology should introduce it in order to reduce instances of fraud. For example the United States still relies on magnetic strip cards that are prone to attack by fraudsters. The second point that should be noted is that chip and pin technology has not completely eliminated card fraud in the United Kingdom. This is because fraudsters have come...
10 Pages(2500 words)Essay

Lewis Carroll's Photographs

... would be premature because the pictures of Evelyn Hatch and Alice Liddell were taken with the full permission of their parents, meaning that they were harmless (Cohen 44). Additionally, girls of this age could not have been aware of their sexuality and, according to various biographies made about Lewis, he was said to be too immature to possess any sexual feelings of this nature. Finally, the controversy that surrounded these photographs as being suggestive started much later. While this image of Lewis as a-sexual were dispelled by reports of his relationships with adult females, who were often married, these latter relationships were what most considered controversial, rather than that with the children or the photographs made...
9 Pages(2250 words)Research Paper

Will Global Warming Heat up Or Cool Down the Economy

... compensate for the damages to be sustained in the coastal, energy and water sectors. Conclusion Anyone could notice that what scientists call extreme weather events have indeed become more vicious and frequent in recent times. But there had been natural calamities in the past as devastating as, say, Hurricane Katrina. So the scientific community needs to resolve once and for all whether these are a naturally occurring phenomenon, or induced by global warming that was in turn brought about by fuel emissions from industries. The problem is that, based on a scan of the materials written on the subject, the doomsday predictions of global warming catastrophe have relied heavily on economic factors and less on science...
6 Pages(1500 words)Essay

Intradermal Injections Traditional Bevel Up Versus Bevel Down Article Critique

... no discomfort and five (5) being 'hurts a lot'." Below this sentence was a row of five numbers with "no discomfort" above the "1" and "hurts a lot" above the "5." The subject circled a number. The form was then taken by the investigator, and the subject was given a second form with the same content for the second injection. In addition, it asked "Which injection was better" followed by" This is more or less the procedure used to analyze the technique. i.e., psychological analysis to differentiate between the two scientific methods - bevel up and bevel down methods of intra-dermal injections. This should have been the title of their paper. Apart from the psychological analysis, the authors should have evaluated the technique based upon some...
4 Pages(1000 words)Lab Report

Skeletal Pin Site Management

External fixation is described as a surgical routine that drills holes into the uninjured areas of bones around the fracture and screw special bolts into the holes. This is done to set bone fractures in which a cast would not allow proper alignment of the fracture. A rod with special ball-and-socket joints joins the bolts to make a rigid support, is placed outside the body. By adjusting the ball-and-socket joints, the fracture can be set in the proper anatomical configuration. Compared to other types of cast used in fractured bones external fixation is used most frequently. This is because the patient will be able to mobilize earlier than other types of fixations which means, the patient will have to spend shorter time in the ho...
10 Pages(2500 words)Essay

Lewis Carroll's Photographs

For most artists and writers in this era, the child was nothing more than a shadow of the adult. This ultimately meant that rather than being portrayed as they were, they were instead portrayed as adults wanted them to be portrayed.Carroll embraced this theme of the child as a shadow of humanity in his photographs in order to draw attention to how misconceived children were by adults, particularly using the real children that he met in his life. Lewis Carroll sought to show children as adult shadows, the children’s identity as being shadowed by the adults, as well as the shadows that the children cast. Therefore, this paper will seek to show how Lewis Carroll used children in his photographs to show their innocence and the m...
11 Pages(2750 words)Research Paper

Photographing and photographs

...Photographing and photographsPhotographing and photographs remain to be a very useful form of collecting as well as storing information. This is because it composes a great idea in a single photograph or picture, which would have otherwise taken a good number of pages to put it down in writing. For instance, a picture or a photograph gives a representation of a large area or an object regarding a certain media to communicate as well as interact with numerous people or audience in varied languages. In spite of its complexity in interpretation, from just a look a viewer gets to know that the presented object exists or did exist in the past although he or she might not know more about it without an explanation from a person with an idea...
2 Pages(500 words)Essay

Growing up Digitl: E-Lerning

It hаs been аrgued thаt computer-bаsed communicаtion is the most fundаmentаl chаnge in communicаtions technology in the lаst 150 yeаrs (de lа Solа Pool 1984). The proliferаtion of the personаl computer combined with the Internet hаs precipitаted fаr-reаching chаnges in society. Electronic communicаtions аnd digitаl networks аre trаnsforming the wаy we work аnd аre reshаping personаl communicаtion аnd entertаinment. This trаnsformаtion hаs hаd а tremendous effect on the need аnd opportunity to leаrn. Unfortunаtely, the trаnsmission model thаt still dominаtes educаtion hаs chаnged little.
Notwithstаnding the widespreаd аdoption of computer communicаtions in society, we hаve yet to fully experience the trаnsformаtive effects of...
12 Pages(3000 words)Assignment

Law of Family Break Down

The Domestic Violence Crime and Victims Act 2004, seeks to redress this sorry situation by introducing a series of new measures which will improve the effectiveness of the protection offered to victims and will give the Police powers to arrest perpetrators. The Police are also taking a more practical approach to prosecution, even where the victim does not want to press charges. In the UK 25% to 33% of women experience domestic violence from a male partner in their lifetime, and on an average 1 woman is killed every three days in England due to domestic violence and the frequency of calls to the police for assistance is one per minute. Domestic violence incidents constitute 25% of all reported violent crime, despite the fact that l...
10 Pages(2500 words)Assignment

Human Resources Department: Should It Be Blown Up

...Human Resources Department – should it be blown up? Globalization, internationalization, global strategies, labor market changes and the competitivework environment has posed great challenges. The role of the HR managers has undergone a change due to the increase in the organizational demands on them. They are expected to identify the internal customers’ consequential changing expectations which require a more strategic approach to human resource management. The HRM strategies need to be more aligned with the business which would also enhance overall organizational performance. These have brought about changes in implementing the HR functions, which include devolving responsibilities to the line managers, outsourcing certain functions...
10 Pages(2500 words)Term Paper

Obesity in Focus and Shape Up Jacksonville Program

Obesity is a “leading public health concern in the United States.” (Ogden et al 2006 p 1549) However, it should be noted that the prevalence of obesity is not only a public health concern of the United States but that obesity is now considered as a “worldwide epidemic, prevalent in women… and increasingly seen as a feature of the poor” (James et al 2001 p 230, 231) As such, there is an imperative on the part of everybody to take active participation in addressing obesity as a health issue. As this paper looks into obesity, it will attempt to give a presentation of obesity from its causes, risk factors, treatments. Also, this paper will look into the viability of future approaches and treatments to ob...
8 Pages(2000 words)Research Paper

Patient Journey After an Injury up to and Beyond Discharge

..., passengers and cyclists. Cyclists were lesss likely to suffer from najor injuries and were much younger than other road users. Motorists were more likely to suffer from limb injuries. Other groups had injuries injuries in the head, neck, chest and limbs. the outcomes of the injuries were measured, and varied from group to group. Soon after accident and injury, the injured people feel embarrassed and start blaming themselves. Some do not have memory as to how the event occurred and because of this the individuals feel unpleasant and confused. Initially, the individuals feel insecure and lose trust. But, the appearance of strangers to the site of injury, helping hands from several dimensions and immediate shift to hospital either...
10 Pages(2500 words)Essay

Falling Down Movie

The essay also offers a personal perspective on the film and considers it as compared to Paul Haggis’ Crash and Mathieu Kassovitz La Haine.
At the beginning of the film, it draws us into the world of the main character through specific examples in the traffic jam. We see the main character run his hand over the air conditioner and the viewer feels a bodily response to the heat that the driver is experiencing from being in the sun in the traffic jam. The film is then edited so that the viewer sees De-fens trying to roll down his window and it failing. The film then is edited so that you see the steam in the background. The final effect of this montage is to give the viewer the emotional response of feeling trapped just...
13 Pages(3250 words)Movie Review

Measures Taken by the International Labour Organization and Trade Unions in the Face of the Challenges of Globalization

... for accomplishing fair globalization process (Schmidt, n.d.). Globalization and International Labor Regulation The globalization had shown to the whole world that there is no border for work. Thus, the focus of labor law had also changed in this new dimension. The ILO is liable for monitoring the activities of multinational companies to oversee whether the international labor standards are being valued or not. Labor law had been made to protect the interest of employees. The European Union had synchronized the labor regulations without any exceptions. For this reason, if any multinational company employs an employee of any state of Europe, it should maintain strictly the labor regulation of the European Union. In case of USA, Mexico...
8 Pages(2000 words)Coursework

Liberties that the U.S. Cannot Reduce or Give Up in the Face of Modern Terrorism

... right issue and therefore encroachment into the privacy of the citizens cannot be regarded as a measure necessary to protect them. In other words, security and human rights should travel in parallel directions rather than going in opposite directions. “Counterterrorism is defined in the U.S. Army Field Manual as “Operations that include the offensive measures taken to prevent, deter, pre-empt, and respond to terrorism”8. Matthias Borgers and Elies van Sliedregt (2009) pointed out that “preventive action entails the risk that – in retrospect – people are wrongfully subjected to far-reaching measures”9. Ccounterterrorism measures have nothing to do with civil liberties. It is the duty of the authorities to fight against terrorism without...
6 Pages(1500 words)Term Paper

Robert Frosts The Road Not Taken

Faced with the difficult option to choose between the two roads in front of him, the speaker realizes that he is compelled to make a choice since he cannot travel both; however, he is uncertain about the outcome of the choice he may have to make. Frost’s poem shows that even though people are faced with difficult choices every day in their lives and that they have the freedom to willingly opt for any possibility, they are nevertheless uncertain about the outcome of any decision. This uncertainty makes the reader go for the less traveled by road even though common sense would want any traveler to take the most traveled by path.

The first and introductory stanza presents the dilemma of the speaker who comes across...
9 Pages(2250 words)Essay

Walker Evans FSA Photographs

... Sharecropper. Hale County, Alabama" (1936)5. Evans took this photo when he was on the South since he had been paid to document the effect of the New Deal agency program in curbing the Great Depression. It should be noted that Evans was committed to taking photographs that suited his personal interests and also make money. On the other hand, photographers like Dorothea Lange were true to the mission of the New Deal. The photograph of Lucille was taken when she was just ten years of age. She is shown standing against wooden planking in the out farms of the Burroughs family6. The elegance of simplicity is clear given that she is shown only shoulders up wearing a straw hat. No sort of superficial sophistication is evident in the photograph...
10 Pages(2500 words)Case Study

Cast up the Accounts of Studying Abroad

... Cast up the accounts of studying abroad Studying abroad can offer a lot of benefits to the and the development of the society, but on the other side, it also have some drawbacks and disadvantages, over all studying abroad turned out to a good investment, but at the mean time people should realized that the profit exists paralleling risk. However, the benefits which studying abroad offers are bigger than the drawbacks because studying abroad is often one of the aspirations of many individuals across the world and this is because they would like to study in an environment which is different from the one in their home countries. Moreover, individuals tend to prefer studying abroad because they are able to experience different cultures...
7 Pages(1750 words)Research Paper
sponsored ads
We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.

Let us find you another Essay on topic Should The Pin-Up Photographs And Calendars Have Been Taken Down for FREE!

Contact Us