Homelessness represents one of the most important social issues the United States faces these days. According to the Stewart B. McKinney Act, 42 U.S.C. 11301 (1994) "An individual is considered homeless when he "lacks a fixed, regular, and adequate night-time residence; and…
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The recent increase in the homeless population has negatively affected the quality of life and has lowered down the economic growth. Due to this burning social issue thousands of people have got excluded from the status of being equal in participating in the economic growth of the country.
According to the NCH fact sheet, "The ongoing crisis of homelessness has been caused by economic recession in the 1980s. Such factors as lack of affordable rental housing, larger numbers of persons with poverty and near poverty income levels (including the unemployed and those who work full-time), increased incidence of domestic violence, and reductions in federally funded programs also contributed to the growth of homeless population"
One major fact that causes homelessness is joblessness. Joblessness can be attributed to a frail economy. The number of unemployed workers is escalating. As a result of this they go bankrupt and have no choice but to live either with their relatives or on the streets. Some homeless people, in hope of a job are leading their lives in their cars along with their families.
Often the homeless who once used to live in their own homes until they lost everything are blamed for their condition but the authorities should be equally blamed for these people's pathetic lives. Many homeless people become substance abusers in frustration but they are blamed that it is their habits that is the main culprit of their condition. However in many situations the story is other way round i.e. homelessness is not the result but the cause of substance abuse and other disregarded habits.
Though it is unfortunate, but the fact is that those families, which have children, top the category of homeless people. The numbers of homeless families are increasing day by day. This gives rise to another issue i.e. failure of the authorities to provide proper care and protection to children.
There is an upsurge in home prices and there are many people who are underpaid in their current jobs. These two factors are responsible for homelessness to a great extent.
Apart from lack of jobs and rising home prices there is one cruel aspect of humanity. Many physically and mentally disabled people are forced to leave their homes by their own family members who are unwilling to take care of them. Many old people too, are made homeless by their own family members. Their family members either dump these old people on the streets or leave them in the community care centers.
There are a number of private and government organizations, which aim to bring this problem to an end. But the magnitude of this problem is greater than the number of institutions providing shelter to the homeless.
The authorities do not have exact idea of total number of homeless people to be able to successfully combat this problem. The urban homeless population gets counted in the census but a number of rural homeless populations remain uncounted all the time. Also there are many homeless people especially children who due to lack of home are living with their relatives or neighbors. They too remain uncounted during the census for homeless. If the government has no idea about the extent of homelessness then how can we expect to remove this problem completely
Positive / Negative sides of the
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(Homelessness in the United States: Causes and Possible Solutions Essay)
“Homelessness in the United States: Causes and Possible Solutions Essay”, n.d. https://studentshare.org/miscellaneous/1506404-homelessness-in-the-united-states-causes-and-possible-solutions.
This problem has been in existence in the United States and it is attributed to increasing populations and financial downturns. The federal government responded to homelessness for the first time through the McKinney Homeless Assistance Act of 1987 (P.L. 100-77) which was designed as an emergency response to the growing problem of homelessness.
The definition of homelessness varies from region and the legal aspect of a nation. Generally, it is described as the condition of individuals without habitual residence. According to the American government, homelessness includes people who sleep in either public or private places unfit for use as a regular dwelling for human beings.
Research shows that the rate of people who are homeless is continuously increasing due to the augmentation in the cut of housing and social service, in addition to the deterioration of, the economy. There are some arising arguments as to whether the problem of homelessness got initiated by those experiencing these problems (Mayock & Carr, 2008).
Individuals are said to be homeless when they don’t have an adequate, regular and fixed nighttime abode or when where they live primarily in a supervised temporary shelter, any place not meant for regular sleeping accommodation by humans or a temporary place for persons close to being institutionalized.
Homelessness can be defined as a state of people without any permanent dwellings. The people who live in shelters or warning centers are also called homeless. The homeless people do not have a permanent place to spend their nights or they may have an inadequate space to live safely owing to multiple reasons.
Youth Homelessness in Hawaii Name Tutor Date Youth Homelessness in Hawaii Abstract Homelessness is an issue that has adversely affected almost all states in The United States today. The issue can be approached from various angles considering the farfetched manner in which it stretches.
Pregnant mothers that are homeless encounter a lot of obstacles which jeopardizes a healthy pregnancy (Hopper 2003). These may include acute and chronic health problems (Cisneros 2002), the abuse of chemicals, as well as the inability to afford the unborn child the necessary prenatal care.
Despite sleeping on the streets, a person may be considered homeless by: staying in an environment incongruous for them, staying with relatives or acquaintances, living in very jammed conditions, living in pitiable conditions that are deteriorating your health, or when one is at a risk of experiencing violence while staying in your home.
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