Contact Us
Sign In / Sign Up for FREE
Go to advanced search...

Ectopic Pregnancy - Essay Example

Comments (0) Cite this document
Most healthy women of reproductive age ovulates one egg every month (Goldman 2006). This egg (ovum) usually follows a path down the fallopian tube where it will settle down and awaits fertilization thru introduction of a sperm cell. Normally, the fertilized ovum also known as zygote will make its way down the fallopian tube and enters the uterus in 3-5 days…
Download full paperFile format: .doc, available for editing
GRAB THE BEST PAPER91.5% of users find it useful
Ectopic Pregnancy
Read TextPreview

Extract of sample "Ectopic Pregnancy"

Download file to see previous pages Ectopic pregnancy occurs in various places such as cervix, ovaries, peritoneal cavity, or interstitial tissue but more than 96% of all ectopic cases occur in the fallopian tubes (McCulloch 2007 and Togas 2006). This tube is in-charged of carrying fertilized ovum from the ovary down to the uterus ('Ectopic Pregnancy'). However, when the fertilized ovum implants and grows inside the fallopian tube, this will weaken the wall and eventually rupture the tube (McCulloch 2007). A ruptured ectopic pregnancy is a true medical emergency. It is the leading cause for 10 to 15 percent of all maternal deaths (Tenore 2000).
In 2001, the Confidential Enquiry into Maternal Deaths (CEMD) 2001 reported that there are 5 women who die every single year from ectopic pregnancy. The report also revealed that one of the main reasons of maternal death was due to substandard care and the failure to detect early ectopic pregnancy. Indeed, it is important to be aware of the predisposing risk factors as well as investigate early signs and symptoms of ectopic pregnancy to prevent further mortality rates ('The Ectopic Pregnancy Trust').
There are a lot of predisposing risk factors associated with ectopic pregnancy and this include current or previous pelvic infection, primary infertility, history of ectopic pregnancy, prior tubal surgery, endometriosis, a history of abdominal or pelvic surgery, acute appendicitis, in-utero exposure to DES, vaginal douching, smoking, progestin pills, and use of an intrauterine device (IUD) (Tenore 2000 and Tay et al. 2000). In addition, assisted reproductive technology may compromise tubal structure and function which increases the risk of ectopic pregnancy. These include ovulatory induction medications, and in-vitro fertilization, or gamete intrafallopian transfer (McCulloch 2007). Here is a case study describing the experience of having an ectopic pregnancy.
A 33year old female had been trying to conceive for four years, became pregnant with the help of fertility treatment (do not have details). At five weeks into her pregnancy she began to have one-sided pain and slight spotting. She was seen by her own consultant, follow-up tests were given, pregnancy test which was positive, a beta-Hcg test and a scan which showed her uterus to be empty. Later the same afternoon this lady was taken to the operating theatre and anaesthetised with cricoid pressure because she had eaten. A laparoscopy was carried out which show that she had ruptured tube. She lost her baby and one of fallopian tubes, which reduced her conceiving again by approximately 50% because she only has one fallopian tube now. This lady life was saved, but she was in grief for her lost child. She stays in the care of the hospital for two days, before going home under the care of the consultant. Her care has not been carried out by the NHS. This was her wishes.
According to biopsychoscocial model, the patient's perception of ectopic pregnancy arises from a combination of her biological, emotional state, and concomitant social determinants. This model explains the phenomenon of signs and symptoms associated with ectopic pregnancy shifting to the patient's underlying psychological or social concerns (Geri et al. 2000 and Lakhan 2006).
In the case study above, the patient was described to receive fertility treatme ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
Cite this document
  • APA
  • MLA
(“Ectopic Pregnancy Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1000 words”, n.d.)
Ectopic Pregnancy Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1000 words. Retrieved from
(Ectopic Pregnancy Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1000 Words)
Ectopic Pregnancy Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1000 Words.
“Ectopic Pregnancy Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1000 Words”, n.d.
  • Cited: 0 times
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment or rate a document


Teenage Pregnancy

...? Ethical Issues: Teenage Pregnancy TEENAGE PREGNANCY The fact that most teenagers never plan to get pregnant, despite the fact that they do get pregnant, presents a challenge to health care givers. This is because teenage pregnancies have extra health risks to both the teenager and the baby. According to Makinson (1985), the main reason for this is that most of them do not get timely prenatal care, making it a risk factor to pregnancy related blood pressure and its complications. The baby faces premature birth and, even low birth weight. Interestingly, more than 10% of births in United States in 2006 were from teenagers, most of who lie between 18 years and 19 years. Sadly, about a third of girls worldwide get pregnant at least once...
6 Pages(1500 words)Assignment

Advanced Obstetrics for Critical Care Paramedic: Ectopic Pregnancy

...pregnancy is one of the few obstetric conditions that may end up being true surgical emergencies. As much as a high index of suspicion, an early diagnosis and management of an unruptured ectopic is important, even more crucial is the quick identification and surgery for a patient with a ruptured ectopic in shock. Failure to diagnose an ectopic pregnancy can lead to malpractice litigation as it can be potentially fatal, apart from causing significant morbidity and psychological distress to the patient (Bird, 2005; Longmore, 2010). Although, the definitive management of a ruptured ectopic is institute based and can be expectant, medical or...
10 Pages(2500 words)Essay

Ectopic Pregnancy: Preventing complications through early diagnosis

... of maternal death in Africa and Asia having more than 30% deaths while ectopic pregnancy accounts to less than 1% of deaths in developing countries and almost 5% in developed countries (Khan et al., 2006, p. 1072). Although ectopic pregnancy only accounts to just a little percent of maternal deaths still the reality of having a percent of number of maternal deaths every year globally due to a condition that could have been prevented is inexcusable. And taking into account haemorrhage as the most common complication of ectopic pregnancy which is noted as one of the leading cause of maternal deaths in the world, hence ectopic pregnancy is a life threatening situation if not diagnosed early and correctly. Avoiding and decreasing the number...
12 Pages(3000 words)Essay

Management And Treatment Of Ectopic Pregnancy

...the first three months of gestation (Robbins et al 2005; Sher et al 2005; Monga et al 2011). Ectopic pregnancy is an important gynecological disorder which has many underlying causes and it is a condition that can be diagnosed by different techniques. This pathology can be treated and therefore early diagnosis is important to prevent the fatalities that result due to this condition. Etiology: Ectopic pregnancy is led to by many causes. Invasion of the pelvis by infective microorganisms which include Chlamydia results in infection of the pelvis and this Pelvic Inflammatory Disease is classified as an underlying cause of ectopic...
5 Pages(1250 words)Case Study

Ectopic pregnancy

...three months of gestation (Robbins et al 2005; Sher et al 2005; Monga et al 2011). Ectopic pregnancy is an important gynecological disorder which has many underlying causes and it is a condition that can be diagnosed by different techniques. This pathology can be treated and therefore early diagnosis is important to prevent the fatalities that result due to this condition. Etiology: Ectopic pregnancy is led to by many causes. Invasion of the pelvis by infective microorganisms which include Chlamydia results in infection of the pelvis and this Pelvic Inflammatory Disease is classified as an underlying cause of ectopic pregnancy in...
4 Pages(1000 words)Essay

Teen Pregnancy

...Teen pregnancy in New York girls ages 11-16 The United s has the highest rate of the pregnancy amongst the teenagers than any other developed country, for example Canada, England, Wales, Sweden. Billions of dollars are spent annually on the solution of this nation's problem. Before the age of 20 unmarried girl can be pregnant not the first time and almost every pregnancy is undesirable. In the period from 1991 to 2005 there was a 35% decline in the rate of birth amongst teens from 15 to 19. The greatest decline in USA since 1991 was amongst black women. The consequences of such early motherhood can be the following: young mothers rarely end the school and only a few of them get the high school diploma, and of course only 1.5% enters...
7 Pages(1750 words)Essay


...Psychological and Social Issues in Pregnancy Although pregnancy is considered to be a wonderful experience in itself that produces a pleasant outcome, it has a number of psychological and social issues surrounding it that may cause emotional and psychological pain to the woman. Hormone levels are intermittent during pregnancy and the post partum period, which can lead to mood swings between anxiety and depression, sadness and elation, and confusion as well ("Psychological consequences of pregnancy," 2007). Among the psychological concerns of women regarding pregnancy are feelings of inadequacy, emotional liability, self-esteem issues, and body image issues. It is believed that depression is one of the major psychological concerns...
10 Pages(2500 words)Essay

The Issue of an Ectopic Pregnancy the first trimester (12 weeks or first 3 months) of pregnancy (Family Health Guide 2007). In her current state, Ruth is described as Gravida (G)5, Para (P)1. This means that has had a total of five pregnancies excluding her current one which resulted to one live birth. Gravida is the sum total number of pregnancies a woman had whether she was able to carry them all to full term or not; Para indicates the number of feasible births (Encylco, Online Encyclopedia 1). Ruth’s past medical history indicates that she is a high risk for carrying a baby into full term as indicated by a couple of miscarriages, ectopic pregnancy and a stillborn. To better...
8 Pages(2000 words)Case Study

The role of surgery and methotrexate in treating ectopic pregnancy

... and Objective of the Research Study ............. 8 II. Research Methodology .......................................................... 10 a. Search Strategy and Selection Criteria .......................... 10 III. Description of Research Findings Discussion ........................ 13 a. Significance of Methotrexate Treatment for Ectopic Pregnancy .......................................................... 13 b. Significance of Surgical Treatment for Ectopic Pregnancy .......................................................... 15 IV. Discussion .............................................................................. 24 V. Conclusion and Proposed Recommendations ....................... 27 References...
22 Pages(5500 words)Research Paper

Methadone Treatment during Pregnancy

... both illicit heroin use and the incidence of infectious disease among addicts. Methadone maintenance therapy is usually started at 10 to 20 mg, and increased in 10-mg increments till the withdrawal symptoms are controlled. The requirement may go up to 80-100 mg daily to minimize illicit intravenous heroin use. In pregnancy, fetal dependence is caused by the ability of methadone to cross the placental barrier. (American Family Physician, 2000.) Neonatal abstinence syndrome (NAS) This refers to the various signs and symptoms seen in infants with drug dependencies. There are two major types of NAS, prenatal NAS and postnatal NAS. Prenatal NAS is caused by maternal substance abuse (Belik J, Belik J.) NAS is a generalized disorder...
7 Pages(1750 words)Assignment

Pregnancy Complicated With Diabetes

Depending on the time of gestation and the type of diabetes mellitus the character of these metabolic changes will vary. (Bender HS, Chickering WR, 1985.)
In the aetiology of complications of diabetic pregnancy, the disturbances of intermediary metabolism play a major role, in addition to abnormalities of immune function in both the mother and foetus, as well as in the placenta ( Fallucca F, 1997). The metabolic changes in insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus include postprandial hyperaminoacidemia, hyperlipidemia, and hyperglycaemia. (Reece EA, Homko C, Wiznitzer A, 1994.)
In particular, maternal hyperglycaemia results in foetal hyperglycaemia, which is corrected by increasing insulin secretion and consequent foetal hype...
7 Pages(1750 words)Coursework

Assessment of the Effectiveness of Teenage Pregnancy

...Assessment of the Effectiveness of Teenage Pregnancy Prevention Strategies in Southwark and Greenwich Introduction Young women from a poor backgroundand/or from areas with higher unemployment rates have a higher probability of becoming teenage mothers. There is a high likelihood that a teenage mother would find a partner with poor qualifications, who is likely to suffer from unemployment. Children of teenage mothers suffer from lower educational attainment, greater risk of economic inactivity, and becoming teenage parents themselves (Institute of Social and Economic Research at the University of Essex, 2004). Teenage pregnancy could result in a situation with economic and emotional hardships for the teenage mother. Teenage pregnancy...
7 Pages(1750 words)Research Paper

Teenage Pregnancy and Abortion

...Teenage Pregnancy and Abortion Introduction One of the most feared of problems encountered by parents all over the world is for their teenage daughter to get pregnant out of wedlock. More so, if she opts to decide to have the life in her womb aborted. Different countries view teenage pregnancy and abortion issues from diverse perspectives depending of a multitude of factors. These topics are of interest due to the psychological trauma they bring to teenagers who happen to be in that predicament. Although at the onset, it seems that when someone is in love, whatever the consequences are would be lightly and naturally accepted. However, several difficult instances confound and complicate these issues. I believe they should be assessed...
6 Pages(1500 words)Term Paper

Analysis of Article about Pregnancy and Protection of Australian Female Adolescents by Skinner

...Analysis of Research article Introduction: The rates of teenage pregnancy have been falling all over the world since 1996 and sex education for young people may be the reason for this decline. But as the authors, Skinner et al (2009) of the research article “Pregnancy and protection: perception, attitudes and experiences of Australian adolescent females” point out, Australia also demonstrates this trend with births and abortions falling but the decline is not as marked or to the level that it has developed in western Europe. This has led to increases in the call for condoms and morning after pills to be handed out in schools. In explaining the background and motivation that led them to take up this research study, the authors point out...
8 Pages(2000 words)Term Paper

How Experiences of Being Looked After May Contribute to Teenage Pregnancy

...Critical Review The research paper selected for the Critical Review, ‘Someone of Your Own to Love Experiences of Being Looked After as Influences on Teenage Pregnancy, is a joint venture of Abigail Knight, Elaine Chase and Peter Aggleton. The researchers have undoubtedly proved their efficiency and knowledge in handling various research papers as they have been part of Thomas Coram Research Unit, Institute of Education, University of London. They have conducted researches on many topics, including children and health, sexual health (including HIV/AIDS), early pregnancy and parenthood, disabled children and their families, and childrens rights and emotional and social wellbeing. Since the paper examines how experiences of being looked after...
9 Pages(2250 words)Research Proposal

Sexuality and Teen Pregnancy

...Sexuality and Teen Pregnancy Psychology 13 October The risks of sexual involvement for Sally Research shows thatwithout contraception, teenage girls have 90% chances of being pregnant within a year. Adolescents like Sally are more susceptible to sexually transmitted infections like Chlamydia, syphilis, herpes, gonorrhea, and even the fatal HIV. This can be attributed to monogamy, sex without contraceptives, and selection of partners at elevated risk. In addition, younger females are biologically more prone to infections in comparison with older females. Moreover, sexual activity before the physical development of body can immensely hurt. Teenage girls like Sally who engage in sexual activity before turning 18 are more susceptible to health...
2 Pages(500 words)Essay

Teenage Pregnancy

...Chapter 1 Introduction Introduction and background United States has the highest rate of teenage pregnancy among developed countries (Singh & Darroch 2000). Teenage pregnancy in the US is five times higher compared with Western Europe and ten times higher compared with Japan (Singh & Darroch 2000). This, despite the fact, that there is an observable decline in the percentage of teenage pregnancy in the US during this period (Sandfort et al. 2008). More than that, teenage pregnancy is a critical economic, public health, and social issue for the US (Venture et al. 2008). From the economic perspective, Hoffman (2006), in a study, estimated that government funds amounting to almost $161 billion have been spent by the government to assist...
8 Pages(2000 words)Research Paper

As I Lay Dying by William Faulkner: Teenage Pregnancy

..., the only daughter of the family has a very inconvenient issue at an inopportune time; she is seventeen, unmarried and pregnant. The purpose of this paper is to critically analyze and understand the psychology of the author and the creation of his mind, while understanding how Faulkner sheds light on an issue such as teenage pregnancy in a novel that was published in the 1930’s, an epoch where this subject was still controversial and not as sensationalized as it is now in the 21st century. The paper discusses teenage pregnancy in the context of the novel’s character, Dewey Dell, a young girl who is pregnant out of wedlock and taking a forty-mile trip to Jefferson for ulterior motives veiled behind the burial of her mother in the town...
9 Pages(2250 words)Term Paper

The Effect of Physical Activity on Pregnancy

...The Effect of Physical Activity on Pregnancy School P1: R6 P2: R2 P3: R7, R8, R10, R13 P4: R9, R14 P5: R3 P6: R1, R4 P7: P8: P9: P10: R5, R12 P11: R11 P12 Topic The effect of physical activity on pregnancy Introduction Problem Background P1: Pregnancy is a critical period in terms of regulation of body weight. On one hand, excessive gestational weight gain and maternal obesity are common and can lead to poor obstetrical outcomes both for the infant and the mother (Ferraro, Gaudet, and Adamo, 2012). On the other hand, physical activity during pregnancy can pose significant risks to the placenta. Physical activity during pregnancy also poses the risk of miscarriage because of the possibility of accidents during exercise. Pregnancy...
9 Pages(2250 words)Assignment

Should the UK Introduce Recommendations for Weight-Gain during Pregnancy

...SHOULD THE UK INTRODUCE RECOMMENDATIONS FOR WEIGHT-GAIN DURING PREGNANCY? DISCUSS THE EVIDENCE BASE FOR YOUR CONCLUSION By of the Class Name of the Professor Name of the School City, State 20 February 2015 Introduction The gestational period for women in the society requires critical attention to ensure the health and safety for both the mother and the unborn child. Biologically, it is normal for women to add weight during pregnancy. This is however different in different women. Depending on their height and weight before pregnancy, it contributes to the differences of weight gain among women, which could have detrimental effect to their health wellbeing. Realizing the risks involved, there raised concerns to what should...
8 Pages(2000 words)Case Study
sponsored ads
We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.

Let us find you another Essay on topic Ectopic Pregnancy for FREE!

Contact Us