StudentShare
Contact Us
Sign In / Sign Up for FREE
Search
Go to advanced search...

Charter of Fundamental Rights Marks Coming of Age for EU As a Political Community - Essay Example

Comments (0) Cite this document
Summary
The European Union was established from the rubles of World War II in the region's immediate desire to lessen the risks of another war in the continent. For this reason, the EC founding charter has enshrined peace and stability as the Union's primary objectives, which condition is envisioned to be fostered through economic development…
Download full paperFile format: .doc, available for editing
GRAB THE BEST PAPER94.1% of users find it useful
Charter of Fundamental Rights Marks Coming of Age for EU As a Political Community
Read TextPreview

Extract of sample "Charter of Fundamental Rights Marks Coming of Age for EU As a Political Community"

Download file to see previous pages But EU is a work in progress and, having been done with the tasks of border control and economic integration, it is time to move on to the more difficult areas, which assume social and political dimensions. These include home affairs, immigration, defense - and human rights. European states are regularly mentioned in the annual report of Amnesty International for human rights violations, although there is supposed to be a European Convention on Human Rights that regulates and controls these unwanted activities. This area of concern was the focus of attention at the EU Summit in June 1999, in which it was later decided that a new, more enforceable regional law on human rights is necessary to cap the Union's transformation from an economic organization to a political entity.
When the EU members were collectively known as the Little Europe, the focus of attention were coal and steel and, later, the Common Market. This contributed immensely to the region's economic stability into the 1960s. As Menendez (2001) observed: "The Coal and Steel Community was a modest step but one that provided reassurance to economic actors and thus established the foundations for sustained economic recovery. There is thus a basis to argue that European integration contributed indirectly to the extensive protection of socio-economic rights within welfare states."
That EU was more That EU was more preoccupied with socio-economic than political concerns at the start may be gleaned from the text of the original treaties establishing the European communities, which made only passing references to fundamental rights. This can be found only in the EC Treaty, specifically its Preamble, which acknowledges the organization's commitment "to preserve and strengthen peace and liberty." Article 119 of the Treaty also sets the principle of equal pay for equal work for men and women. . Even the subsequent Paris and Rome Treaties gave the same passing attention to fundamental rights and instead concentrated on integration and how to deal with economic issues. By thus omitting to articulate the tenets of fundamental rights, EC appeared to be emphasizing the nature of the organization.
The limited reference to rights in the primary law of the Communities seems to be a fact beyond dispute. However, this should not necessarily lead to the conclusion that the then Little Europe was not about "rights." As Menendez (2001) saw it, rights remained one of the main goals of the project, if not the main one. On the drive for integration, for example, the actual path set for European integration implied an option for a different strategy of ensuring the protection of human rights. The preconditions for the protection of civic, social and political rights in Europe were established based on the region's unique historical and socio-economic context. This came about after the European Court of Justice reconsidered its earlier position that the basic rights and freedoms in EU member states ought to be protected by national constitutions. In 1969 Stauderl (19), the ECJ cited the general though unwritten principle of fundamental rights protection as a basic foundation of Community law. This shift in EU jurisprudence was further articulated in Internationale (20), when the Court restated that ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
Cite this document
  • APA
  • MLA
  • CHICAGO
(“Charter of Fundamental Rights Marks Coming of Age for EU As a Essay”, n.d.)
Retrieved from https://studentshare.org/miscellaneous/1506021-charter-of-fundamental-rights-marks-coming-of-age-for-eu-as-a-political-community
(Charter of Fundamental Rights Marks Coming of Age for EU As a Essay)
https://studentshare.org/miscellaneous/1506021-charter-of-fundamental-rights-marks-coming-of-age-for-eu-as-a-political-community.
“Charter of Fundamental Rights Marks Coming of Age for EU As a Essay”, n.d. https://studentshare.org/miscellaneous/1506021-charter-of-fundamental-rights-marks-coming-of-age-for-eu-as-a-political-community.
  • Cited: 0 times
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment or rate a document

CHECK THESE SAMPLES OF Charter of Fundamental Rights Marks Coming of Age for EU As a Political Community

Coming of age in mississippi

...? Review: Coming of Age in Mississippi by November 24, Review: Coming of Age in Mississippi Moody, Anne. Coming of Age in Mississippi. New York: Laurel Books, 1968. 432. Print. The ability to transcend social and economical situations to which one is born, or finds themselves, has long been considered the essence of the ‘American dream’. Since its foundation many have crossed America’s borders to taste this freedom and attempt to reach the life they would not have had the possibility of attaining in their own lands. It is surprising to imagine then, that in America’s not too distant past, there were a group of people who were made to feel they did not have the ability or the right to improve their situation. Though African American’s were...
4 Pages(1000 words)Book Report/Review

Fundamental Rights

The flow of information is realized through communication by means of speech between individuals, and various modes of expression. Communication in any given system is vital because it facilitates the conveyance of information that enables people carry out their daily activities efficiently and effectively. Freedoms of speech and expression are crucial elements that guarantee that a society flourishes in spheres of life existence for a nation’s population. The right to freedom of belief or religion is a fundamental principle, which allows people to hold beliefs, and carry out religious practices and rites that accompany their beliefs. It also allows individuals to choose what to believe in and determine their religious orientation...
4 Pages(1000 words)Essay

Coming of Age in Mississippi

... Coming of Age in Mississippi Introduction Moody’s story suggests a heroic female model, but Moody is not a simple heroine. Throughout the text, Anne Moody narrates her story in a manner that it attracts the attention of a reader. This book does not only show her autobiography, but also as a real story of an upcoming heroin. Heroine traits are not as noticeable at the beginning of the Book, but as her life progresses, the reader gets to know so much about gender and racism in Mississippi. Through Anne’s development of virtues and faults, one gets to visualise a real picture of discrimination based on colour and gender. A reader has to fight with what the author believes in throughout the book, and gets drawn into her deeds that one can...
5 Pages(1250 words)Essay

Fundamental rights

...?Comparison between Four Fundamental Individual's Rights, ly Health Care, Social Care, Privacy, and Education, as Mentioned in the Constitution of Saudi Arabia and Kuwait Both the states, Saudi Arabia and Kuwait are economically strong enough to spend on the fundamental individual’s rights of its people, to ensure adherence to high individual standards, as envisaged in the United Nations directives. Although Saudi Arab and Kuwait are relatively new entrants with relatively less mature legal framework to other advanced countries of the world, yet these states have made huge strides in the matter of empowering their people by safeguarding their health care, social, educational, and privacy interests at policy level. The real issue...
6 Pages(1500 words)Research Paper

Coming of Age Novels

... College: Analyzing Coming of Age novels: Mean boy and Little lullabies. Introduction. These are two novels which are based on the coming of age encounters. Lynn coady and Heather O'Neil can be said to be very powerful in the way they present their stories. the two novels appear to have much in common in the way they present their stories. Both novels were printed in the same year, and seem to follow the same methodology of presenting their protagonists. The essay will be focusing on whether the novels have the same patterns when the protagonists are men or women or whether they tend to have different patterns for each gender. It will also look on whether the authors have followed the styles of Bildungsroman or Kunstlerroman. Let us start...
5 Pages(1250 words)Book Report/Review

Fundamental Rights of EU Law

... denizens are living decent lives where their human dignity and freedom are guaranteed. Another thing, the EU's "ability to provide and protect these rights is a mark of the quality of its government, the quality of life that it offers to its subjects and the quality of the political community that it aspires to establish"64 . With the introduction of provisions protecting fundamental rights, the complexion of primary EU legislations underwent drastic changes. Spearheading the provisions designed to protect human rights of EU citizens is Article 2 of TEU. Article 2 of the Treaty of the European Union objective is to "strengthen the protection...
66 Pages(16500 words)Dissertation

Protection of Fundamental Rights in EU

...114386 The European Union Charter of Fundamental Rights signed on 7th December 2000 in Nice and through it, for the first time1 European Union citizens were given complete political, civil, social and economic equality2. In human history, this is the first occasion that such liberal rights were given a section of world community. Even though American constitution enshrines all fundamental rights of mankind and perhaps is the first democracy to do so, European union fundamental rights add many more aspects into American rights. These rights are divided into six sections and many more sub branches with additional rights: 1. Dignity 2. Freedom 3. Equality 4. Solidarity 5. Citizen's rights 6. Justice3. Fundamental rights have...
10 Pages(2500 words)Essay

Coming of Age

...Coming of Age ‘Washington Square’ by Henry James is often described as a novel of manners in which the author depicts the New York of the 1840’s, especially portraying the lives of the elite. This novella traces the life of Catherine Sloper, described as “plain faced” and “kind hearted”. On the other hand, ‘The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn’ by Mark Twain is the story of a runaway boy from a poor family, who encounters many exciting people and events during his escapades. The setting of the two novels could not be more diverse, but yet, the theme that is central to both the stories is the coming-of-age of the protagonists, and the way in which they realize their inner strength and moral aptitude. Henry James’s position in the literary...
8 Pages(2000 words)Essay

EU Law Fundamental Principles of EU Law

... provisions as follows: 1) The relevant Community provision be sufficiently clear and precise; and 2) Unconditional; and 3) Confer a specific right for the individual relying on the provision. In the Ratti case, one of the Directives being relied on was Directive 73/173/EEC. Paragraph 17 of the Ratti judgment specifically refers to Directive 73/173/EEC and the applicability of the Van Gend En Loos criteria by asserting the relevant test being whether “Council Directive 73/173//EEC of 4 June 1973 in particular constitute directly applicable legislation conferring upon individuals personal rights which the national courts must protect?” Moreover paragraph 24 asserts that if the implementation deadline has passed and the Directive’s...
6 Pages(1500 words)Essay

Cultural History Versus Political History: The Varying Methods of the Two Fathers of History

Even though they have these similarities and have both been bestowed with the same title, these two historians drastically differed in their approaches.

Herodotus had another title bestowed upon him; he was also called the “Father of Lies.” Much of what is known of him has been gathered from his own writings as few other sources are available from his actual life. It should also be noted that the veracity of this information is in question as Herodotus was known to invent much in his own work, and it was sometimes the practice in Ancient Greece to attribute events from the life of one person to another; for instance, it has been questioned if the accounts of Herodotus’ exile are only due to the fact th...
10 Pages(2500 words)Essay

Political Thought

In the nineteenth century, the term democracy still had uncomplimentary connotations, most of the time; some understand it as a system of mob rule. Now, however, we are all democrats. Liberals, conservatives, socialists, communists, anarchists, and even fascists are all eager to proclaim the virtues of democracy and to demonstrate their own democratic credentials. Indeed, as the major ideological systems faltered and collapsed in the late twentieth century, the flames of democracy appear to burn yet more strongly (Huth & Allee, 2003). As the pull of socialism paled, and the intrinsic worth of capitalism has been called into query, democracy appeared as possibly the single unwavering and lasting principle in the postmodern poli...
6 Pages(1500 words)Assignment

The British Constitution vs The Human Rights Act 1998

This research essay analyses the above statement and arrives at a conclusion.
Integration of the provisions of ECHR into U.K’s domestic law by way of HRA 1998 can be regarded as revolutionary as it facilitates the majority of the ECHR rights provisions directly applicable in the U.K. Before that integration, a U.K Court has to presume that when there is a clash between U.K’s domestic law and ECHR rights provision, the ECHR rights provision will always prevail. This principle has been laid down in R v Secretary of Home Dept ex parte Brind1 and R v Secretary of Home Dept ex parte Thakrar. 2
Courts have now the power to declare any statue which they find incompatible with ECHR provisions and order for fine-tunin...
9 Pages(2250 words)Case Study

Marks and Spencer Organizational Development Process

... union leaders, etc. The main problem identified is the attitude of the employees and their rights. Among the articles published TUC General Secretary John Monks said about the one of the key issues to be addressed. “Second we want to raise the wider issues of the rights of workers faced with redundancy.” (Marks and Spencer should think again, 2006). Human resource is key asset of any organization and they should be adaptable to the changing environment. The key issues among the employees should be resolved for the success of the organization. The other issue that could be viewed is the attitude and behavior of the employee in the work place. So the area of improvement is to change the attitude of the employees towards work and improving...
7 Pages(1750 words)Case Study

The Law on Physical Punishment of Children Fails to give Sufficient Respect to Childrens Rights

Under the English criminal law, several past and current legislations were made in order to protect the children from corporal punishment or becoming a victim of physical abuse. Despite our effort to prevent parents from using physical force in disciplining their children, the British Government remains unconvinced that the law which protects the children from physical punishment is sufficient (Keating, 2008). Physical punishment such as ‘smacking’, ‘slapping’, ‘kicking’, or ‘spanking’ is referring to the act of causing a degree of pain or discomfort to the child. (Niland, 2009, p. 6) With regard to the legal issues behind child protection against physical abuse, this study aims to d...
6 Pages(1500 words)Coursework

Indigenous Community Health in Central Queensland-Australia

Though present in many regions of Australia, New South Wales, and Queensland make up for the largest concentrations of the indigenous population. A larger percentage of this population inhabit rural and remote areas. The median age of this indigenous population is 21 years, which is much lower than the non-indigenous population at 37 years. High fertility rates and low life spans in the indigenous community are believed to be the cause of this disparity in median age. Unemployment and low earnings are characteristic differences in the indigenous population and the non-indigenous population. The unemployment rate of the indigenous population is threefold that of the non-indigenous population. The average weekly income of the indige...
6 Pages(1500 words)Coursework

The Use of Rhetoric in the Electronic Age

The rubric of the rhetorical theory is an extremely contested discipline with classical rhetoric theory focusing on the concept of rhetoric as a form of persuasion or an ideological perspective that asserts “rhetoric’s role in upholding power and domination” over the “general public” as the underlying basis of societal communication (Stacks & Salwen, 2008, p.240). However, the boundaries of the classical rhetorical theory have been challenged by cultural change, context and the permeation of alternative perspectives. 

In particular, the impact of the digital revolution and the growth of numerous multimedia streams on cultural norms has challenged classical theory propounding the fu...
14 Pages(3500 words)Article

Universal Declaration of Human Rights

...Hello, I have read this and thinks it’s perfect I have slight amendments which are highlighted in red. thanks Universal Declaration of Human Rights Introduction Human rights are defined as, the basic standards by which we can identify and measure inequality and fairness. These rights are specified in the Universal Declaration of Human Rights.1 The United Nations adopted the Universal Declaration of Human Rights (UDHR) on the 10th of December 1948. It consists of a number of civil, cultural, economic, political, and social rights. Although, it is not legally binding, it provides an authoritative interpretation of several articles of the UN Charter; and the latter is binding on the member states of the United Nations.2 There are several...
8 Pages(2000 words)Case Study

Marks and Spencer Time Line

The company has a long-established history of delivering high-quality products marked with innovation, service, price, and trust to its customers. The history of the company could be traced back to Michael Marks who set up a penny stall in Leeds selling almost everything in 1884. From there onwards the company led by its chairman and other executives experienced organic and strategic growth becoming one of the largest retailers in the world (M&S 2009). The company offers a versatile blend of products and services to its customers ranging from clothing, accessories, home products, and food items. The company procures these products from 2,000 global suppliers keeping in view to offer the highest standards so that the customers...
8 Pages(2000 words)Case Study

American Political Communications

...Political communication: Today, voters no longer make decisions based only on personal opinion but view most issues through the eyes and ears of the media. Most options arise from interpretation of the symbols obtained from mass media. Political advertising is a prominent media for reaching voters. Political advertisements aim at increasing issue knowledge, influencing perceptions of the candidate’s character, altering attitudes and affecting candidate preference. In most political advertisements, politicians essentially promote themselves, their thoughts, beliefs, values, image and political propaganda. These advertisements can have a rather persuasive influence on voters. Political ads can convey both positive and negative feelings...
6 Pages(1500 words)Essay

The Coming of Age

...The Coming of Age The method for understanding and discussing the subject of old age, that the author addresses in the preface to ‘The coming of age’ is use of what she has believed and seem over time. The society keeps changing and so does time. The author shows how much human character and capacity contribute to our knowledge. The well-being of young people depends on social arrangements and the information they learn from the society from the time they are born. The author has viewed the adolescence plight such as rebellion, agitation, conflict, and disturbance. There are biological explanations by theorists and psychologists that influence adolescents. Chapter one In chapter one, the problem adolescents have is presented...
7 Pages(1750 words)Book Report/Review
sponsored ads
We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.

Let us find you another Essay on topic Charter of Fundamental Rights Marks Coming of Age for EU As a Political Community for FREE!

Contact Us