StudentShare
Contact Us
Sign In / Sign Up for FREE
Search
Go to advanced search...

Should Human Embryonic Stem Cells be used in Scientific Research - Essay Example

Comments (0) Cite this document
Summary
Recent advances in medical science have prompted new questions about medical ethics which are all but impossible to resolve. From debating the use of animals in medical science, we have now moved to debating the use of human fetuses. This essay will discuss four arguments on the ethics of using aborted human fetal cells in stem cell research: opposition on religious grounds, the question of whether or not using fetal tissue constitutes murder of the fetus, opposition on the grounds that human life is sacred and should not be exploited for experimental purposes, and finally whether or not the end result of such research justifies the means by which it is carried out…
Download full paperFile format: .doc, available for editing
GRAB THE BEST PAPER91.8% of users find it useful
Should Human Embryonic Stem Cells be used in Scientific Research
Read TextPreview

Extract of sample "Should Human Embryonic Stem Cells be used in Scientific Research"

Download file to see previous pages More than 20 years ago, scientists discovered how to derive stem cells from mouse embryos (NIH 2005), but more recently the potential for using human stem cells has been realized. The use of stem cells in medical research hinges on the fact that stem cells have the potential to differentiate into any of the cell types within the body in response to chemical signals. Theoretically they are able to divide limitlessly until they do become differentiated. Extensive research is being carried out in various parts of the world to determine the specific combination of chemical signals that will induce stem cells to differentiate into brain and nerve tissue as well as an array of organ tissue, including heart, pancreas, and liver.
Stem cells are a potential source of an unlimited supply of replacement cells and tissues which can be used in treatments and cures for human diseases, as well as to explore the causes of diseases. For example, stem cells could be induced to differentiate into insulin-producing pancreatic cells which could be used to treat diabetes. This year, a team of researchers at Johns Hopkins University derived embryonic stem cells from mouse embryos, and transplanted these into paralyzed rats (JHMI, June 20, 2006). With the application of a surprisingly small number of cells, the paralysis was entirely cured, and the rats were able to walk again. It goes without saying that regenerating nerve tissue is a remarkable achievement. This research has the potential to be developed into treatments which could substantially increase the quality of life for millions of people suffering from a diverse range of illnesses. According to Douglas Kerr, the neurologist who led the research team, treatments based on this research could one day repair the damage done by Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (Lou Gehrig's disease), multiple sclerosis, or traumatic spinal injury. With small adjustments, this approach could effectively treat Parkinson's disease and Huntington's disease.
The human embryos used in the first successful attempts to isolate stem cells for laboratory use were derived from unneeded in vitro fertilization procedures (NIH 2005), and were used with the informed consent of the donor. However, as stem cell research has become more popular and the potential for it has been more fully realized, the need for consistent sources of cells has become more apparent, and this need has become a hotly-debated source of contention. In the United States, for example, there has been considerable debate over the past five years as to whether the government should fund research using frozen human embryos which are stored by in vitro fertilization clinics. Embryos used in such research would be approximately five days old (Associated Press, 2006) and would be destroyed in the research process.
Opposition to the use of Human Embryonic Stem Cells on Religious Grounds
Opposition of the use of human embryonic stem ce ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
Cite this document
  • APA
  • MLA
  • CHICAGO
(“Should Human Embryonic Stem Cells be used in Scientific Research Essay”, n.d.)
Should Human Embryonic Stem Cells be used in Scientific Research Essay. Retrieved from https://studentshare.org/miscellaneous/1504983-should-human-embryonic-stem-cells-be-used-in-scientific-research
(Should Human Embryonic Stem Cells Be Used in Scientific Research Essay)
Should Human Embryonic Stem Cells Be Used in Scientific Research Essay. https://studentshare.org/miscellaneous/1504983-should-human-embryonic-stem-cells-be-used-in-scientific-research.
“Should Human Embryonic Stem Cells Be Used in Scientific Research Essay”, n.d. https://studentshare.org/miscellaneous/1504983-should-human-embryonic-stem-cells-be-used-in-scientific-research.
  • Cited: 0 times
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment or rate a document

CHECK THESE SAMPLES OF Should Human Embryonic Stem Cells be used in Scientific Research

Human and Embryonic Stem cell research

...?Kalb, Claudia. "Welcome to the Stem-Cell s. (Cover story)." Newsweek 144.23 (2004 52-55. Academic Search Complete. EBSCO. Web. 4 Apr. Stem cells can be used for a wide variety of medical treatments. In particular in California, science is based on the progressive nature of the society. They have spent enormous funding for stem cell research, which will help cure degenerative disorders such as Tourette’s syndrome and Alzheimer’s disease. Even national policy has been effected to where funding for research into stem cells has been occurring. Unfortunately, many of the stem cells, which are harvested, are sent away to other countries where there aren’t as many laws, but California’s stance on scientific research is changing that. One...
3 Pages(750 words)Annotated Bibliography

Embryonic stem cells

... be used to treat many of the human diseases. However, isolation of embryonic stem cells is impossible without destroying the embryo and therefore embryonic stem cell isolation and researches are controversial. This paper briefly analyses utility of embryonic stem cells and the ethical issues involved in embryonic stem cell research. Utility of embryonic stem cells According to Dr Rickard (2002), “the culturing of embryonic stem cells holds tremendous potential for the development of new forms of regenerative medicine to treat debilitating or fatal conditions that would not otherwise be curable” (Dr Rickard, 2002, p.1). Starr et al have pointed out that embryonic stem cells have huge importance in the life of a person and it could be used...
3 Pages(750 words)Research Paper

Embryonic Stem Cells Research

...? Embryonic Stem Cell Research June 16, Stem cell research is an issue that came to light in late 1998 following the isolation of the first human embryonic stem cells (Advancing Science, serving Society, 2011, Para. 1). The research is conducted on the basis of the fact that stem cells can differentiate to be any human cell ranging from blood cells to skin cells (Advancing Science, serving Society, 2011, Para. 1). As a result, the research is geared towards using stem cells to repair damaged tissues. The research has had significant influences from various sectors of society. These range from financial considerations, whereby governments and private sectors provide funding for the progress of the projects, to legislation by government...
9 Pages(2250 words)Research Paper

Embryonic stem cells

...? Embryonic Stem Cells Introduction Ever since medical science has known about stem cells and its peculiar property of self-renewal, it has generateda great hope in providing treatment and permanent solution to the patients that suffer from some of the genetic diseases such as type I diabetes, Parkinson, multiple sclerosis, stroke, spinal cord lesions and numerous other diseases. Human embryonic stem cells (hES) can generate pancreas, liver, cardiac, neural cells in tissue culture or through other technique and can be of immense help for therapeutic purposes; however, the moot question is whether it is ethical to use hES for research purposes. Embryonic stem cell research has become a topic of controversy because removing the stem cells...
8 Pages(2000 words)Research Paper

Human Embryonic Stem Cell Research

On the other hand, hopeful patients wait for concrete results from different laboratory tests to confirm that it is indeed an answer to their ailment. The purpose of this paper is to give a brief background on some facts about the human embryonic stem cells. Particularly it will explore answers to the following questions:
Each of us started as a single living cell that resulted from the union between a sperm and an egg. From this single cell, certain chronological events took place that eventually led to the development of different body parts. Cells increase in number and differentiated to many cell types until we reached and assumed a human form. Many doctors agree that this is a miracle of Science. On the other hand, some...
9 Pages(2250 words)Essay

Stem Cells Research

... Ford, "The Promise of Stem Cell Research," CNN, April 20, 2006, 28 Jan. 2007 de Wert, Guido and Christine Mummery, "Human Embryonic Stem Cells: Research, Ethics and Policy" Human Reproduction.18.4 (2003): 672-682. Jones, D.G. and C.R.Towns, "Navigating The Quagmire: The Regulation Of Human Embryonic Stem Cell Research" Human Reproduction.21.5 (2006):1113-1116. Healy, Bernadine, "To create, or not to create" U.S. News & World Report. [Washington] 138.10 (2005): 59 Rusnak, A.J. and A.E. Chudley, "Stem Cell Research: Cloning, Therapy and Scientific Fraud" Clinical Genetics. 70 (2006):302-305. Smith, Wesley, "Science Unstemmed" The American Spectator 38.1 (Feb 2005):23-26....
10 Pages(2500 words)Essay

Adult and embryonic stem cells-2

In fact, the uproar from Christian groups in the US was largely responsible for President Bush’s decision regarding research on human embryonic stem cells that put a ban on further production and use of hESCs, and limiting the research to existing sixty lines of hESCs. Though this consoled the priests and other religious figures in the US, this decision also received much opposition from other religious groups within US and other parts of the world. For instance, Protestants believed in the apostle that stated, ‘We may not do evil so that good may come.’ The Orthodox Christian Church argued that ‘the very act of killing those embryos is evil, and we may not profit from evil even to achieve a good and noble end’ (Waters and Cole...
40 Pages(10000 words)Thesis

Embryonic cells

... Embryonic Cells The medical technological advancement in the field of embryonic stem cell research for therapeutic purposes has stirred up hot debate not only a national level but on a global level as well. I am very sure that not all of us will agree with the fact that the medical advancement using stem cells research is perhaps the zenith of medical research and a boon for human health. However, humans often tend to make the most important decisions and adopt wrong notions without gaining detailed knowledge about something. What are embryonic stem cells and stem cell technology? In 1998, the stunning promise of embryonic stem cells was discovered, and it was thought that we just might be on the threshold of an age of miracles (Cobb,2013...
4 Pages(1000 words)Essay

Embryonic Stem Cell Research

... specialized cells or tissues destroyed by fatal diseases. Embryonic stem cells have two unique properties including their ability to grow and differentiate as well as to replicate infinitely. The ability of the ES cell to self renew indefinitely is the main reason why it is useful in treatments during regenerative medicine and tissue replacement after either an injury or disease. Other than its curative essence, the ES cell is beneficial in studying early developments in human as an in vitro technique in toxicology testing. Researches on the embryonic stem cell have been an issue of controversy over the years from different groups of people like doctors, researchers, philosophers, and the Christians. Everyone has had their different...
6 Pages(1500 words)Essay

The Evolution of Human Resource Management

The employee was sent to HR for a final briefing where he mentioned that he had been requesting a change in the shift for the last few weeks he has to attend to his ailing father. His superior continuously ignored the request. The employee was skill and aptitude tested and reassigned to a different project.
This is a small incident where an HR professional can play a vital role. An organization is also constantly looking for such solutions from its Human Resource Department. It is this expertise and skill, which a budding professional from any institute should be equipped.
Such valuable certification programs initiated by the Human Resource Department surely help build a successful organization. The Human resource depart...
6 Pages(1500 words)Term Paper

National Health Service Human Resource Planning

There are about 1500 primary care dentists who are working on a salaried basis with the NHS, in most cases employed by primary care trusts. This group of individuals was a part of the local government earlier but in 1974, they were transferred into the NHS. (Personnel Today, 2007). Starting from the year 1997 onwards, the U.K. Department for Education and Employment had allowed for additional funding of $7.2 million to ensure that medical schools are able to pay clinical academia staff the awards that have been recommended for doctors and dentists in the NHS, by the Doctors and Dentists Review Body (Beecham, 1996). This move was initiated to introduce pay parity because university employers found it difficult to pay the 3.8% incre...
14 Pages(3500 words)Term Paper

Problems of Human Activities

... should be given single-minded support by the elected leaders so that they are able to fulfill their duties and succeed in deterring illegal immigration. 3. Degradation by Human activities: Forests: Forests pass through a very vulnerable stage and are heavily at risk especially during the summer season, when the temperatures are high and the air is dry and arid. The dry logs of wood and twigs act as potent tools for starting up a forest fire. The Fire Prevention Department work hard round the clock, not only to ensure the safety of the Forests or Parks but also spend valuable time in trying to inform and educate people on fire prevention and safety. Some of the other things that may contribute to the degradation of forests are human...
7 Pages(1750 words)Term Paper

Marketing Research Plan: Old Navy

Gap’s credit ratings thereby limiting access to the capital market, international trade matters which may be disruptive of the supply chain, changes to its IT systems disruptive of operations, changes in the IT services agreement with IBM that can disrupt operations and produce adverse effects on financial results, international expansion through franchising and other arrangements may impair the value of its brands if unsuccessful, products are subject to risks associated with overseas outsourcing and manufacturing, and failure of vendors to adhere to Gap’s code of vendor conduct could harm the business. From available data in the 2007 Annual Report, both the Gap and Old Navy brands have exhibited declining net sales....
11 Pages(2750 words)Business Plan

The British Constitution vs The Human Rights Act 1998

This research essay analyses the above statement and arrives at a conclusion.
Integration of the provisions of ECHR into U.K’s domestic law by way of HRA 1998 can be regarded as revolutionary as it facilitates the majority of the ECHR rights provisions directly applicable in the U.K. Before that integration, a U.K Court has to presume that when there is a clash between U.K’s domestic law and ECHR rights provision, the ECHR rights provision will always prevail. This principle has been laid down in R v Secretary of Home Dept ex parte Brind1 and R v Secretary of Home Dept ex parte Thakrar. 2
Courts have now the power to declare any statue which they find incompatible with ECHR provisions and order for fine-tunin...
9 Pages(2250 words)Case Study

Research Methods in Linguistics

 The writer of content tries to preserve his/her culture and also wants his/her culture to get attached to his/her recent living due to which, he/she makes use of the bilingual aspect to write a narrative.

Because of this writing, the English reader faces some problem in decoding the meaning but he/she realizes the presence of another culture by means of this writing. Many writers provide a glossary at the end so that the readers face no problem in decoding the words given in another language such as Soueif has done but many take it for granted that readers know the other language as well.

The article contains a detailed evaluation of the novel by Soueif which can be categorized as the strength of the re...
6 Pages(1500 words)Assignment

Developing a Research Base for Intravenous Peripheral Cannula Resites

... for this study. This was very much appropriate for this type of study. According to Pildal, et al (2005), Randomized Controlled Trial or RCT is best for medical or health related studies. It ensures efficiency and accuracy as long as the number of subjects are enough to represent the population. In addition, confounding may be prevented by using this type of research method. The control group followed the protocol of transferring the peripheral venous catheter to a different site every 3 days, or as clinically indicated. On the other hand, the intervention group only transferred the peripheral catheter when clinically indicated. The independent variable for this research is relocation of the peripheral venous catheter. Treatment...
6 Pages(1500 words)Case Study

Embryonic Stem Cells

...Embryonic Stem Cell Research: Science and Ethics Stem cell research is a polarizing political issue. It is difficult to separate scientific facts from the moral debate, even for scientists, because we have difficulty defining the point where the potentiality of cells has a good chance of becoming an actuality—in other words, when a pile of cells contains enough “life” to be something that should be protected, though it is not able yet to survive on its own. We carry our opinions of moral arguments around with us wherever we go, based on belief systems (whether scientific beliefs or religious beliefs). There is enough potential good in stem cell research that a well-thought, moral person can take a position in the debate, balancing science...
6 Pages(1500 words)Research Paper

Project Planning Human Capital

Project planning involves a lot of factors and areas that we need to address for the effective management and handling of the project. The aim of this report is to provide a deep insight into some of the main areas that we need to address for the project of Adams's family farmhouse renovation. These issues are project team communication, project risk management, and deadline handling. Effective communication in a project provides a huge advantage regarding the better working and handling of the project. I have selected a very significant project regarding the preservation of the old and historical places. Here we require effective communication to provide better interaction among the designer, developers, and history preservation...
8 Pages(2000 words)Coursework

Analysis of the Methods of 3 Research Papers about Child Abuse

Research ethics was maintained as the identity of the individuals participating was kept secret. As far as the validity of the study was concerned, the researchers attempted to use content validity in order to get an accurate response. The content validity focused on measuring off the ethnicities and gender percentages within the area and attempting to get a random sample of individuals via the phone. Their approach to random calling allowed for a significant random sample in the study. There were a few issues, however, with this type of approach. Those answering the phone sometimes were not always the desired individual, and not all of the desired people were surveyed. Different replacements did have to be used, and the attempt w...
6 Pages(1500 words)Literature review

Universal Declaration of Human Rights

... human rights. It also clarified that democracy was a human right. This effectively, strengthened democracy and the rule of law. Stating that the protection and promotion of human rights are the "first responsibility" of Governments, the Vienna Declaration recognised democracy as a human right, thus strengthening the promotion of democracy and the rule of law.10 Legally Binding Nature of UDHR Human rights are described in 30 articles of the UDHR. These are civil and political rights; and economic, social and cultural rights that every human being is to enjoy. Moreover, everyone is to be permitted to enjoy all human rights.11 A resolution was passed at the United Nations Conference in Teheran (is their case for this or use the full citation...
8 Pages(2000 words)Case Study
sponsored ads
We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.

Let us find you another Essay on topic Should Human Embryonic Stem Cells be used in Scientific Research for FREE!

Contact Us