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Stem Cell - Research Paper Example

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Stem Cell Research Patrick Fern ENC 1102 Rebecca Sullivan April 10,2013 Work Count: 3,054 The stem cells of an embryo are fascinating biological phenomena that can reproduce as giving rise to all types of body cells. The main aim of scientists and researchers in stem cell technology is usually to examine and investigate the development of a cell to find out the ways that stem cells can be repaired and replaced in rebuilding damaged tissues…
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Download file to see previous pages The ability of stem cells to produce all the types of cells is known as ‘pluripotency’, which occurs to cells in their earlier period before the beginning of cell specialization. These can give a consistent supply of the specialized cells that can be used for disease modeling, basic research, and future cell replacement therapies. Stem Cell Research has the ability to reproduce more Embryonic Stem Cells by making properties of tetracarcinoma, tumor, as well as the properties of basic tissues for teeth, hair and gut. Teratocarcinomas have unspecialized cells that were popularly referred to ‘cancer cells’ in the 1970s. They alone can almost all specialized tumor cells. In particular, within the same period, it was discovered that mouse embryos can be extracted from the uterus and used for synthesis of other tissues due to their pluripotency. These observations were the foundations that gave rise to the idea of synthesizing pluripotent stem cells from the embryos (Evans). Stem cell technology became successful in 1981 with the experimental group also involved human beings. The Embryonic stem cells were made from the early embryos referred to as blastocyts, which is a stage before implantation. The blastocysts are made up of 34 out of 100 unspecialized cells. They form the pioneers of the whole body if embryo ever implants. The pluripotent cells of an embryo can never hold themselves once they are implanted , instead they tend change into specialized cells through a process known as differentiation. However, this may rather different in the laboratory where the state of self-renewal can be established leading to cell multiplication without differentiation. The embryonic stem cells’ self-renewal is highly dependent on precise signals known as ‘growth factors’. Hence, an artificial condition is created; if the mouse Embryonic Stem cells are put back into the blastocysts, before halting the self-renewal. The cells then proceed to the phase of normal development where they are differentiated into all types of cells giving birth to a fetus. Consequential animals can make a properly functional Embyonic Stem cell that can be taken down from progenecy all across their generation called chimaeras (Huntly and Gilliland). Stem Cell Research is crucial in high-quality manuscripts that mainly focus on applications and anatomy of stem cell research. Stem cell research gives an exclusive insight into stem cells, which comprises of tissue-specific stem cells, embryonic stem cells, developmental studies, cancer stem cells, translational research, and stem cell genomes. The procedure of DNA transcription, which is also responsible for synthesis of messenger RNA (also called mRNA) templates, is the process that goes in the opposite direction with DNA to make equivalent big noncoding IncRNAs (RNAs). These RNAs are used for protein synthesis. Furthermore, the IncRNAs and mRNAs are transliterated together as the stem cells differentiate into other cell types. Elsevier affirms that this astounding finding of understanding the regulation and organization of gene can change the whole vision of life. Many studies have been conducted in the field of protein-coding genes. Richard Young, a biology professor at MIT, explains that researchers believe that much ...Download file to see next pages Read More
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