StudentShare
Contact Us
Sign In / Sign Up for FREE
Search
Go to advanced search...

Cosmopolitanism Must Be Left as an Individual Choice - Essay Example

Comments (0) Cite this document
Summary
With the advent of cosmopolitanism during the last decades, it is quite difficult to determine placement of nationalism over liberalism and if there must be a dividing line between the two. The concept of cosmopolitanism both defy and yet at a closer perspective, strengthen these two ideals being that cosmopolitan is signified as a character that has adopted a mixture of cultures or is representative of various, and probably, all countries.
Download full paperFile format: .doc, available for editing
GRAB THE BEST PAPER92.7% of users find it useful
Cosmopolitanism Must Be Left as an Individual Choice
Read TextPreview

Extract of sample "Cosmopolitanism Must Be Left as an Individual Choice"

Download file to see previous pages New York, Hong Kong, Singapore, and Los Angeles as well as London are basic examples of "cosmopolitanized" cities around the globe embracing an eclectic mix of people with various cultures and traditions in a seemingly harmonious way.
But this does not mean that there are no concerns being raised. In fact, elsewhere, discrimination still permeates even in highly cosmopolitan cities like New York where "cosmopolitan" lifestyle has been a trademark as against "other" cities. There exists a stark idiosyncrasy on perception of being a "cosmopolitan". Either one has embraced and integrated the word to one's own lifestyle or "tolerate" the existence of this culture, if it may be considered as such.
The United States, for one, in trying to protect and allow all the Constitutional privileges of its citizens, which at present vary in their "origin" or nationalities has its scholars and thinkers argue on which must come first: the individual which is associated with liberal rights, or the group which also exercises their rights to organize as provided for by their liberal rights.
Barry (2002) aptly argued in his "Culture and Equality: An Egalitarian Critique of Multiculturalism" book that "What we might find out by experience is that institutionalizing group representation offers opportunities and incentives for political entrepreneurs to whip up intragroup solidarity and intergroup hostility in the pursuit of power. And indeed this has happened all over the world virtually every time group representation has been introduced."
Backed with empirical case studies as well as theories that made his presentation and argument not only convincing but powerful, his insights explored in depth religious and educational issues such as the case of Sikhs in Britain, Amish, and Quebec separatism. Without neglecting the rights of the members of minority groups, he calls to attention the reader to the concept of universal rights as "(universal) rules define a choice set which is the same for everybody; within that choice set people pick a particular course of action by deciding what is best calculated to satisfy their underlying preferences for outcomes uniform rules create identical choice sets, then opportunities are equal," (Barry, 2002).
This goes to say that individual rights come first before group or collective choices. He implied that "rule and exception" approaches to public policy must encompass a universality that is applied equally among all citizens to remove the danger of protectionism and that the best way to help the least advantaged is by avoiding politics of difference and guaranteeing the full benefits of citizenship.
Barry went on to add that "within a liberal state all groups are free to deploy their energies and recourses in pursuit of culturally derived objectives on the same terms." Likewise, The Wilson Quarterly (1995) quoted Dr. Samuel Johnson, who famously said "Patriotism is the last refuge of a scoundrel." Liberals were hailed to have gone further by embracing "all humankind " scoring on patriotic pride as "both morally dangerous and, ultimately subversive of ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
Cite this document
  • APA
  • MLA
  • CHICAGO
(“Cosmopolitanism Must Be Left as an Individual Choice Essay”, n.d.)
Cosmopolitanism Must Be Left as an Individual Choice Essay. Retrieved from https://studentshare.org/miscellaneous/1504726-cosmopolitanism-must-be-left-as-an-individual-choice
(Cosmopolitanism Must Be Left As an Individual Choice Essay)
Cosmopolitanism Must Be Left As an Individual Choice Essay. https://studentshare.org/miscellaneous/1504726-cosmopolitanism-must-be-left-as-an-individual-choice.
“Cosmopolitanism Must Be Left As an Individual Choice Essay”, n.d. https://studentshare.org/miscellaneous/1504726-cosmopolitanism-must-be-left-as-an-individual-choice.
  • Cited: 0 times
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment or rate a document

CHECK THESE SAMPLES OF Cosmopolitanism Must Be Left as an Individual Choice

A Perspective on Cosmopolitanism in Media

... than advancing notions of cultural myths or resonant symbols, it’s argued that evidenced based reporting should occur that investigates interactions or unique means of understanding the cultural dynamics of the region. While this perspective does not overtly reveal the extent to which cosmopolitanism alters individuals’ beliefs or culture, it does assume that to an extent journalism shapes beliefs and as a result must be constructed in a conscientious way. In some regards, it’s argued that this media presentation of culture is in a ways in a theoretical conflict or war in terms of defining cultural aspects. Robertson, citing Silverstone, states, “Silverstone developed the notion of ‘mediapolis’ to describe the moral space...
4 Pages(1000 words)Research Paper

Jewish Cosmopolitanism in the Modern Era

... 14th November 14 Jewish Cosmopolitanism in the Modern Era Jews have had one of the longest and most defining histories any other cultural group has experienced. Their history dates back to the days of Jesus, in which they were described as the Chosen Lot. The fame of the Jews grew when Anti-Semitism started developing globally. Historically, the Jewish people dispersed all over the world due to the frequent political misunderstandings and clashes they had in their country. This led to the presence of the Jews all over the world. As the Jews started to prosper in there respective settlements, so did Anti-Semitism grow and developed into one huge monster that today’s history still recalls. Anti-Semitism is defined as the hate towards people...
4 Pages(1000 words)Essay

Cultural Patrimony and Cosmopolitanism

... morality. Kwame Appiah has it that cosmopolitanism inheres in a situation where individuals from varying locations establish relationships of mutual respect despite their differences in beliefs.3 In this case, one would argue that the Parthenon sculptures can still remain in Britain. According to Appiah, cosmopolitanism has two parts; first, we have obligations to other people beyond those who are close to us such as; our kin and compatriots. Secondly, we should take an interest in the lives, beliefs and practices of others. In this respect, Greeks have the obligation to the other parts of the world by relinquishing their effort to reclaim their artistic heritage, but whatever obligation that they might have to the foreigners...
3 Pages(750 words)Essay

No Child Left Behind

Next is the improvement of flexibility and local control. It also provides an increased number of options for parents. Lastly it stresses on proven teaching techniques.
The phrase, "No Child Left Behind" (NCLB) has become a slogan for the federal scheme to increase "accountability" in American education. But despite the fact that NCLB is a federal plan, it will be up to the individual countries to make the plans and procedures that accomplish NCLB requirements. NCLB does not provide the new mandate with adequate funds. Thus this has an effect on opinions of many schools and parents. Many states have implemented this policy by now, but this has an impact on the parents and schools as they had to face many difficulties while co...
12 Pages(3000 words)Essay

Left Realism Theory

...Running Head: LEFT REALISM THEORY Explain Left Realism Theory, including its roots, how it evolved, and the current social implications of Left Realism Theory. Abstract Left Realism aims to be a total explanation of crime. It Synthesizes various elements from past theoretical perspectives into a "new realistic" approach to crime and deviance that seeks to understand the effect that crime has on its victims (mainly the working class) and the social origins of crime, mainly in terms of the cultural background and development of criminals. Left Realism theory emerged with the work of Lea and Young in 1984. Elements of Left Realism include the square of crime, relative deprivation and principle of specificity...
2 Pages(500 words)Essay

Cosmopolitanism

..."COSMOPOLITANISM" Cosmopolitanism is said to be the concept to where humanity belongs to a single community perhaps based on shared morality. This may simply refer to an inclusive morality, shared economic relationships of nations, and/or political structures that covers different nations. There transpire mutual respect among individuals belonging to a cosmopolitan community. Someone who adheres to this idea is referred to as a cosmopolite. Furthermore, this said community can also be understood as an elite club, one that is solely based on financial privilege and capabilities. In this reference, the cosmopolite has some advantages that might include personal and political emancipations and freedoms over less economically privileged...
8 Pages(2000 words)Essay

Jewish Cosmopolitanism in the Modern Era

...Jewish Cosmopolitanism in the Modern Era Jews have had one of the longest and most defining histories any other cultural group has experienced. Their history dates back to the days of Jesus, in which they were described as the Chosen Lot. The fame of the Jews grew when Anti-Semitism started developing globally. Historically, the Jewish people dispersed all over the world due to the frequent political misunderstandings and clashes they had in their country. This led to the presence of the Jews all over the world. As the Jews started to prosper in there respective settlements, so did Anti-Semitism grow and developed into one huge monster that today’s history still recalls. Anti-Semitism is defined as the hate towards people of the Semitic...
4 Pages(1000 words)Essay

Individual analysis of an organisation of student's choice

...Individual analysis of an organisation choice Contents   2 Introduction 3 Discussion 4 Conclusion and Recommendations 12 References 14 Appendices 16   Introduction Wal-Mart Inc. is a multinational retail corporation which operates in 14 different countries across the globe. Wal-Mart was found in Arkansas after the World War 2 by Sam Walton as a company selling general merchandise. The company has established itself as the number one retailing business in the world. It is one of the most powerful and largest retail companies operating across the globe. The company is also the biggest private employer in the United States of America. Wal-Mart has been renowned for establishing and maintaining the most unique and efficient supply chain...
11 Pages(2750 words)Assignment

Cosmopolitanism

... Cosmopolitanism The Shattered Mirror is a traveler’s Tale by Kwame Anthony Appiah. Sir Richard Francis Burton is a Victorian adventure whose story is stranger than fiction. Burton was born in 1821 and that is when he started traveling with his family in Europe. While in Europe he integrated with Romany people that his English contemporaries. His integration with the people enabled him to acquire Gypsy wandering culture. For instance while he was in Marseilles, France he learned Modern Greek, French, Italian, and Neapolitan dialect. Those languages came handy when the family traversed Europe especially France and Italy before settling in Britain. He learned an intermediate language between French and Spanish called Béarnaise in addition...
8 Pages(2000 words)Essay

Left and Right Perspectives Impact on Crime

Left Realism often termed, as ‘left Idealism’ possesses the deep root of ‘Marxist’ criminological perspectives, which emphasizes the key factors that are responsible for the cause of crime. Emerged in the UK in 1984, it stresses the political and social conditions of capitalist society the onus, which it puts on the shoulder of the ‘class system’. So far it has adopted various perceptions from socialist, feminist and postmodernist theories. Thus left idealism analyses the crime from the perspective of social norms and class system and believes that in order to control crime from the society, the Government must improve working and economic conditions of the society. Like opportunities must be pr...
6 Pages(1500 words)Assignment

Expressing Individual Identity Through Body Piercing

...Running Head: BODY PIERCING Body Piercing: Thesis ment: Body piercing is increasing in popularity among youth today. But there is no consensus as to its underlying causes. Thesis statement: Body piercing is increasing in popularity among youth today. But there is no consensus as to its underlying causes. Introduction: Body piercing, alongside tattooing, has become more common over the last few decades, especially made popular by the hippy culture of 1970s America. Body piercing is related to other forms of body modification such as branding, cutting, binding, inserting implants, etc in an attempt to change the appearance of the individual’s body. More broadly, body piercing can be grouped along with appearance enhancing cosmetic...
6 Pages(1500 words)Literature review

School Choice by the Parents

...Running head: School Choice School Choice School is a place where the teaching and learning process occurs. It is not necessary that all theschools are equally well for teaching and learning. Teaching and learning depends on so many factors other than the individual who performs it. The infrastructure facilities of the school have an important role in the process proper transfer of learning from the teacher to the student. It is not possible for even an efficient teacher to teach properly if the school does not possess adequate facilities. Same way it may not be possible even for a brighter student to get the proper learning about a particular topic if the school does not have enough teaching and learning facilities. Parents usually...
6 Pages(1500 words)Term Paper

Aspects that Shape an Individual

... and it impacts our interaction with the rest of society as well as the social institutions of that society. Having discussed the various factors that may shape how an individual turns out to be, we can now turn to a discussion of ideas of the kind of teacher one may want to be. The teacher is in a position of authority and it must be realized that with authority comes accountability. As Esler (1972) says, there is now increased accountability within the profession of teaching which has resulted in teachers being more active and conscientious toward what is expected of them. There are several responsibilities and expectations that a teacher must fulfill in order to be considered a good teacher (although it must be recognized that the kind...
7 Pages(1750 words)Essay

Reasons behind Nursing as Career Choice

... student nurses are both successful and satisfied with their career choice. This study aims to identify the ways in which expectations expressed at the point of application relate to the outcomes of the degree programme. 1.2 Significance of the problem Owing to the worldwide shortage of nurses, the need to identify the factors and issues that can influence the choices of individuals to take up nursing careers has become increasingly important (McPhail 2002). Schools of nursing must recruit and retain qualified applicants in order to confront the current challenge to nursing resources. Perceptions of nursing have been linked to students decisions to enter nursing programmes as well as to complete them (Grainger and Bolan 2006). Attracting...
20 Pages(5000 words)Term Paper

Individual Privacy and National Security Issue

...Running head National security vs. personal privacy Latisha Mitchell Matthew Minicucci ENG 122 February 27, Individual privacy vs. national security Individual privacy vs. national security is a current debate topic that has attracted a lot of controversy from various stakeholders. National security is paramount to both the people as well as the federal government. The relationship between individual privacy and national security is the basis of the controversies surrounding the topic. Although this topic is concerned with current issues that are of public concern, it is a wide topic. The importance of individual privacy vs. national security has attracted the interest of researchers from various academic fields. This is a broad research...
7 Pages(1750 words)Research Paper

A Formal Approach to Making a Career Choice

...Formal Report: Career Choice Formal Report: Career Choice Table of Contents Introduction…………………………………………………………………………..3 Purpose, Scope and Limitations………………………………………………………3 Sources and Methods…………………………………………………………………4 Report…………………………………………………………………………………5 Introduction/Analysis…………………………………………………………………5 Recommendations…………………………………………………………………….7 Conclusion…………………………………………………………………………….7 References……………………………………………………………………………..9 Formal Report: Career Choice Introduction Career choice is an important aspect of one’s life. There are many careers that any individual would want to indulge in. However, the choice of careers varies from one individual to the other, based on their interests. Interests are diverse, owing to the fact...
6 Pages(1500 words)Assignment

The Childrens Literature Choice Exemplified by the Peter Pan Play

... from the spring. He is totally unaware that Tinker Bell, Wendy and later in the story, Tiger Lily are romantically interested in him. The resistance to romance is very sincere just like a child’s (Birkin, 2003, p.109) Peter pan as a character is the personification of our childhood. He reminds us of the adventures that we used to have but more so in the context, Peter can be referred to as Wendy’s escape. She finally comes out of the fear of being an adult and realizes that we all should assume our duties and never run away from them. Since Peter is not anybody we can see physically, his presence in the story just helps us on the concept of childhood. As a matter of fact, he represents a stage which everyone must pass through whatever...
8 Pages(2000 words)Essay

Property Left Behind

The authors argue that a good standard of living can only be attained through quality education. It is important for donor agencies, such as the USAID, to continue supporting educational programs in developing countries because it is through education that such nations will be able to rise above poverty and become prosperous (Dahl, and Lance 1930-1935). Education is vital for the growth and development of an individual into a responsible and independent person. Education is the only way of fostering socio-economic development. This paper shows the significance of education to the economic development of the United States.
Education is responsible for stimulating growth and development in society. It is, therefore, important...
10 Pages(2500 words)Assignment

Development of Cosmopolitanism

... the sense of global citizenship stand out as vital tools that can help in realization of cosmopolitanism that will ultimately foster global unity and harmony. Changing our attitude is an important tool that must utilize if cosmopolitanism is to succeed. Apparently, we tend to think as individuals and not as the world, and our reasoning is constraint by our political, social and economic status. The notion of thinking as a single unit is essential for the creation of a harmonious society that can effective accommodate the differences that are existing in the contemporary world. According to Appiah, “Reasoning- by which I mean the public act of exchanging stated justifications-comes in not when we are going on in the usual way, but when we...
6 Pages(1500 words)Essay
sponsored ads
We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.

Let us find you another Essay on topic Cosmopolitanism Must Be Left as an Individual Choice for FREE!

Contact Us