Nobody downloaded yet

Political Anthropology: Personal Wealth in Socialist and Postsocialist Countries - Essay Example

Comments (0) Cite this document
Student Lecturer Course Date Political Anthropology: personal wealth in socialist and post socialist countries. Political Anthropology refers to the study of humanity in relation to political systems and societal structures. The onset of political anthropology is the nineteenth century and was led by Lewis Morgan and Sir Henry Maine who traced the evolution of human society on what would be later referred to as ethnocentric, speculative and racist approaches as indicated in African Political Systems (1940)…
Download full paperFile format: .doc, available for editing
GRAB THE BEST PAPER93.4% of users find it useful
Political Anthropology: Personal Wealth in Socialist and Postsocialist Countries
Read TextPreview

Extract of sample
"Political Anthropology: Personal Wealth in Socialist and Postsocialist Countries"

Download file to see previous pages But according to Political Systems of Highland Burma (1954) there is need for understanding the transformation of societies at different times. With a totally different view was Gluckman who said that conflict maintained the stability of political systems through the establishment and re-establishment of crosscutting ties among social actors. He said that a society can be upheld by a conflict so long as the conflict is of a certain degree. In the United States political anthropology was approached on Marxist ideologies which called for an understanding of the origin and development of inequalities in human society. The ideas was also shared in France in the 1960s. In 1970s, Europe became victim of political anthropology when its edifying structures became issue of study (Boissevain and Friedl, 1975). The civilized Europe’s norms and political course with anthropology as explained (Haarmann, 1996) continued to take a different direction with different anthropologists taking a u-turn in their ethnographies by turning to cultural/political identity construction, ethnicity and nationalism (Barth 1969 and anticipated Communities: Reflections on the Origin and Spread of Nationalism). PRE-SOCIALIST, SOCIALIST AND POST-SOCIALIST TIMES Socialism is the transitional state between the overthrow of capitalism and realism of communism (Marxist theory). It was the French Revolution of 1978 which was as a result of Industrial Revolution that gave birth to socialism. Karl Marx and Eagle’s conception of socialism in their Communist Manifesto resulted into formation of social democratic parties in Europe drawing from Marxism with the Australian Labor Party being the first to get into government. The Soviet Union and other communist parties employed the Soviet model of economic development thus creating planned economies run by the state owner of the means of production like in United Kingdom; the public directed all that it owned. The long Vietnam War (1959-1975) forced some countries to go on their own and formed the New Left and pushed for decentralized collective ownership through cooperatives and councils for workers. Goods and services were produced directly for thus eliminated the market-induced needs bringing about enough demand for products to be sold at a profit. This socialist economy allowed for self-management and self-governance of enterprise activities with equal power relations, hence, maximized occupational autonomy. Every member of the hierarchy was involved in the decision-making process and participated fully in establishing the overall policy objectives. However, some socialist states had bureaucratic economies where the micromanagement of a worker at workplace was based on scientific management which is capitalistic in nature. During the post-socialist times like in East and Central Europe, there were restructuring processes that took place. The urban housing sector is faced with problems of affordability, communal housing is marginalized, and ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
Cite this document
  • APA
  • MLA
(“Political Anthropology: Personal Wealth in Socialist and Postsocialist Essay”, n.d.)
Retrieved from
(Political Anthropology: Personal Wealth in Socialist and Postsocialist Essay)
“Political Anthropology: Personal Wealth in Socialist and Postsocialist Essay”, n.d.
  • Cited: 0 times
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment or rate a document
Anthropology and political and power
...that there is hardly any country that is wholly unaffected by the winds of change. Whatever be the final shape the Arab world takes, it would never be the same again. Democratic countries, including India can play an important role in giving a positive turn to forces of change in building a democratic order in a vital part of the world. The ground for which seems to be prepared as the turmoil so far has given sufficient indications that people in the Arab World, are seeking alternative other than autocracy and religious fundamentalism. The above discussions are some examples of how the Islamic Anthropology is affected by democracy. And visibly highlights the affects that...
11 Pages(2750 words)Essay
Democratic and socialist approaches
...' to the needs of the State priests, and allows us to comprehend the rapid transition between positions that superficially seem diametric opposites, but in fact are quite close.” (Chomsky, 1986) Historically, this can be seen in the fact that socialist countries that become imbalanced in statist centralization yearn for freedom, human rights, and liberty, while democratic societies imbalanced in capitalist or oligarchic control inevitably seek to redress the injustices through socialist programs in political organization. Nevertheless, the tendency of democracy to work better in small organizations where the participation of the individual is meaningful can be seen as...
5 Pages(1250 words)Essay
Socialist feminism
...of life. The theory however rejects the claim that patriarchy is primarily the only factor in radical feminism’s contributing to oppression of the women in its totality. Socialist feminism theory asserts patriarchy as an indirect source rather than a primary source of oppression with regards to women’s financial dependence on men. The financial dependence is made worse by the capitalist system, where wealth is unevenly distributed and thus further subjecting women to male supremacy. It is in this context that women’s oppression comes in as a rather more complex aspect of the society, rather than just patriarchy in itself. Socialist feminism asserts these complexities to be the result of...
8 Pages(2000 words)Essay
Equality and Socialist Ideology
...Section/# Equality and Socialist Ideology With regards to the topic of equality and socialist ideology, there are a number of important linkages between these two terms that bear analysis. For purposes of this brief analysis, the terms equality and ideology will be analyzed on both a personal/individual level as well as on a systemic level. Further, a great deal of historical context also needs to be considered with regards to determining how ideological and egalitarian concepts are born, gain notoriety, and work to incorporate themselves into a type of collectivized worldview that is ultimately translated back into the culture via the form of representative government. Although...
6 Pages(1500 words)Essay
Political Anthropology Power, Ideology & Inequality
.... It was feudal kingdoms of Europe, which associated the word 'civilization' with their culture, way of life, religious beliefs and political system. Other cultures were addressed as 'uncivilized': "The comparison was a series of forced understanding and a justification to carry and implant civilization in the rest of the planet, which had been declared either lacking some properties or having them in excess." (Jameson and Miyoshi, 1998, p. 33). This was the first attempt of expanding own way of life on others, later on labeled 'globalisation'. Globalisation is the right of the strongest - this 'core feature' has remained in almost primeval form. Western civilization unites the most developed countries of the contemporary world... into a...
7 Pages(1750 words)Essay
Media and Public Trust in Former Communist/Socialist Countries
... Media and Public Trust in Former Communist/Socialist Countries Of all the events that took place in the last half of the last century, none were as significant as the collapse of the Soviet Union. The reasons for the collapse of the union are many and complex but the central reason has to be the collective unintended consequences of the reforms enacted by Mikhail Gorbachev. One of those reforms was connected directly with the USSR loosening her control over the media of the country and while there were several other contributing factors which might have caused the same result given enough time, the contribution made by the media can not be denied (Smitha, 2002). In today’s world however, the media holds a different position... from the...
3 Pages(750 words)Essay
... of the Samoan Islands share a common language – Samoan, a common culture – fa’a Samoa and an indigenous form of governance called fa’amatai.2 “Due to colonialism, the Samoa Islands and people were divided by Western powers. Today, politically the islands have two jurisdictions, the independent country of Samoa at the western half of the islands, and the territory of American Samoa comprising the islands to the east. The two regions are separated by 64km of ocean. Most Samoans are full-blooded and comprise one of the largest Polynesian populations in the world.3 THE SAMOAN WAY Fa’a Samoa means the Samoan Way.4 Fa’a Samoa dictates how Samoans should conduct themselves. This brings out the Samoan Identity and how they should fulfill... SAMOAN...
6 Pages(1500 words)Essay
...Anthropology" According to Hardy Weinberg equilibrium which is also known as Hardy-Weinberg law, occurrence or presence of alleles remains stable. This is also known as the frequencies of alleles in a given population. This stability of the alleles is responsible to maintain the equilibrium through generations. Alleles are inherited in the similar manner unless their nature is altered by some external forces encompassing environmental factors causing mutation, a genetic drift, meiotic cycle, gene flow or due to non-random mating. Mutation brings modification in the genes, they are capable of altering the genetic sequence and hence they alter or modify the characteristic of the organism. Some of the mutations are silent...
2 Pages(500 words)Essay
...Task: Anthropology The legacy of a prophet is a life related story as well as documentary on the Muslim religion with peculiar emphasis given to Muhammad. The political life as well as cultural characteristics takes a centre stage with milieu and ulema leaders. This is due to diverting interpretation of the Muslim law that prevails. The religious leaders of the Muslim community require respect and patience for others. This is evident among the Dalits, which blame the political Ulema for various conditions present at the moment (Shadid 87). For instance, the Ulema led to the development of diverse classes that make living conditions better for some people while others extremely difficult....
1 Pages(250 words)Assignment
...are able to reproduce hence the survival of the lineage. Bill Gates fitness of financial muscle does not apply in this theory, it captures only the aspect of living to produce and have the continuation of generations. C. Neither wealth or might can be used as the measure of fitness when it comes to natural selection. The actual measure is the competitive advantage that is given by nature hence one is able to reach the age that they can reproduce. For example, an extremely wealthy young man may die from a disease like cancer; this indicates that they are not fit despite their financial muscle. D. In this question I will discuss the peppered moth of England. This phenomenal study showed that before the industrial...
8 Pages(2000 words)Essay
sponsored ads
We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.
Let us find you another Essay on topic Political Anthropology: Personal Wealth in Socialist and Postsocialist Countries for FREE!
Contact Us