Summary to essay on topic "Collegeaged Drinking in USA"
College drinking is a serious problem. Wendy S. Slutske, a psychology professor at the University of Missouri-Columbia and an alcoholism expert, emphasizes that the available empirical evidence indicates that the tendency of college students to engage in heavy and binge drinking is problematic on several fronts…
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These figures, which are quite staggering, stand as a testament to the magnitude of the problem and underscore the importance of asking and answering the following question: what are the factors which drive college students to drink and can university policy annihilate this problem. Available evidence suggests that the primary factors are immaturity, Let us write or edit the essay on your topic "Collegeaged Drinking in USA" with a personal 20% discount.. Try it now lack of self-control and peer pressure, further suggesting that a well-designed policy response can stem the problem.
There is strong evidence to suggest that heavy and binge drinking among college students are the outcome of psychosocial immaturity. Professors Fischer, Firthum, Pidock and Dowd, undertook an extensive study to identify alcohol drinking patterns amongst college students and their causes. Following a thorough review of the literature on the causes of binge and heavy drinking among college students, Fischer et al. surveyed 1,592 students (915). The research findings clearly indicated that the primary cause of heavy and binge drinking was psychosocial immaturity. This is itself, according to the researchers, was a problematic finding as the root causes of the said immaturity were traced back to the relationship the respondents had with their parents (915). Those who had experienced a less than healthy relationship with their parents or who had not benefited from a stable family environment, exhibited signs of psychosocial immaturity. This made them vulnerable to alcoholism (915-916). The implication here is that family environment proved the most important predicator of susceptibility to alcohol abuse.
While psychosocial immatirity has been identified as an important predictor of alcohol abuse among college students, lack of control is another. Psychology professors, Leeman, Fenton and Volpicelli contend that empirical evidence strongly suggests that heavy and binge drinking among college students is symptomatic of "impaired control" (42). Impaired control, which may be defined as "a breakdown of an intention to limit consumption in a particular situation" (42) has been identified as a trait common to the majority of college students who engage in binge and heavy drinking. These students may not have a prior intention to heavily drink in a particular situation and, indeed, need not have an alcohol abuse problem but they most certainly have a self-control problem. Their inability to control their drinking in a particular situation is indicative of their inability to control their own selves. In fact, the survey study conducted by Leeman, Fenton and Volpicelli shows that in many instances, students did not have any prior intention to engage in binge drinking and, quite importantly, had a contrary intention. Nevertheless, when finding themselves in a situation where alcohol is available and those around them are encouraging them to drink, they embark upon heavy drinking (44-45). While their inability to stop themselves or adhere to their original intent not to drink heavily may be construed as symptomatic of alcoholism, it is not necessarily so. Instead, it is symptomatic of an "impaired control" problem which may later escalate into a substance abuse problem (45-46). Therefore, a leading cause of binge and heavy drinking amongst college students may be identified as lack of
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One argument for teenage drinking is based on the fact that at the age of 18 individuals are already legal adults and can marry or get married, have a say in elections through voting, adopt children, drive vehicles, procure abortions, serve on juries, fly airplanes, hold important public offices, serve imprisonment and even capital punishment and sue or be sued in court, yet they cannot drink until they are 21 years old.
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These legal issues take a lot of time to resolve sometimes months and years as well. Every year this debate arises whether the legal drinking age should be abolished or lowered. As per the National Minimum Drinking Age Act of 1984, United States of America has the highest legal drinking age as compared to any other country in the world.
It has created more concern as studies have found that students in schools and colleges are indulging in binge drinking on large scale. Researchers like Wechsler et al. (1994) have found that binge drinking was widespread in college campuses and was a cause of various problems in students (Tischler 29).
Binging generally starts as an unconscious act to do something different and perceived as "fun". Curiosity or boredom could lead teenagers and young adults to experiment with alcohol. Slowly, the same could become a habit and an obsession. Social drinking could also be one of the triggers for binge drinking.
Substance abuse in the young people has been a growing problem with grown up and it is rapidly affecting the young people as well. Although there are many efforts that have been put towards addressing this issue, it still remains a big problem as there is not effective legal framework that can be used to regulate selling of liquor to the young.
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