Contact Us
Sign In / Sign Up for FREE
Go to advanced search...

Did The Peace Movement Really Help End The Vietnam War - Essay Example

Comments (0) Cite this document
The civil rights campaigns in the United States during the 1960's are among the most divisive phenomena or events that hit the super-power nation. The decade was characterized by numerous protests and civil movements that aimed to convince then President Lyndon B…
Download full paperFile format: .doc, available for editing
GRAB THE BEST PAPER92.9% of users find it useful
Did The Peace Movement Really Help End The Vietnam War
Read TextPreview

Extract of sample "Did The Peace Movement Really Help End The Vietnam War"

Download file to see previous pages Johnson is among the most unpopular United States president of all times.
Diplomacy in a democratic country is believed to be a key driver for peace initiatives and unity. Following such notion, it would be rightful to assert that indeed, the Peace Movement truly helped end the Vietnam War.
The Vietnam War is also known in history books as the Vietnam Conflict or the Second Indochina War that started in the later part of the 1950s. It was a war fought between the Democratic Republic of Vietnam, which is North Vietnam and the Republic of Vietnam, which is South Vietnam1.
Truly, Vietnam War was nothing more but an internal conflict between power strugglers in a nation, which just won its independence from its colonizers ( in its case France). Other nations got involved when North Vietnam had the support of socialist country of Soviet Union and the communist China.
The involvement of communist and socialist nations in the war prompted the involvement of the pro-democratic Western nations. Thus, the United States got involved in the war that should have been fought in the local front.
President Dwight D Eisenhower was then the US president when the country decided to show off its power against the non-democratic forces. Vietnam War was seen by analysts and historians as a perfect venue where the United States could show to the world how democracy could rule the world and how it could easily defeat the hard and authoritative ways of the socialists and the communists1.
The US' involvement in the Vietnam War was also the main focus of the government of the popular and assassinated president of the United States, John F. Kennedy. Initially, Mr Kennedy's intention was only to provide Vietnamese troops assistance through trainings. He also wanted to battle out the threat of communism and socialism to countries especially in the east.
Mr. Kennedy was assassinated on November 22, 1963. But the involvement of the United States to the Vietnam War went on until the entire duration of President Lyndon B. Johnson's term, which ran from 1963 to 1969.
It was during this period that numerous protests and activist movements were staged throughout the country. The citizens of the United States then created a model that would eventually become the framework of other anti-war and peaceful protests not just in the country but also in the whole world2.
The so-called Peace Movement in the United States was a clear and loud opposition to the government's firm stand to support South Vietnam on its fight to win and rule over the whole Vietnam.
The Peace Movement was a series of protest rallies, demonstrations and mass assemblies that, for the first time in world history, involved Americans from all walks of life. The anti-war movement actually consisted of college students, middle-class citizens, labor unions and government institutions.
The Peace Movement gained its prominence in 1965, then peaked and became mostly hyped and controversial in 1968. Encompassing political, racial, and cultural spheres, the anti-war Peace Movement exposed a deep schism within the American society during that time1.
It was noted, moreover, that the Peace Movement also made way for several opposing groups to take a consensus for once ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
Cite this document
  • APA
  • MLA
(“Did The Peace Movement Really Help End The Vietnam War Essay”, n.d.)
Retrieved from
(Did The Peace Movement Really Help End The Vietnam War Essay)
“Did The Peace Movement Really Help End The Vietnam War Essay”, n.d.
  • Cited: 0 times
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment or rate a document

CHECK THESE SAMPLES OF Did The Peace Movement Really Help End The Vietnam War

Vietnam War

... States of America became deeply involved in Vietnam and that involvement had serious consequences” (Guilmartin,1991). The origins of the Vietnam War can be traced to the end of the Second World War. Before the war, Indochina or French Indochina, as it was then known, was a French colony consisting of today’s Cambodia, Laos, and Vietnam. In 1940, the Japanese invaded and occupied the northern part of Indochina and a little later the rest of it. In 1941, Ho Chi Minh, a communist leader, formed a nationalist movement called the Viet Minh to repulse the Japanese invasion. Soon after, the French began to encourage nationalism in Vietnam and gave them nominal independence. However, at the end of the war, when the Japanese surrendered, the French...
6 Pages(1500 words)Essay

Vietnam War

... Vietnam who sought American help to oust the communists were immersed in corruption and anti-people governance. At the same time, a spirit of social equality motivated the North Vietnamese communist rulers. But the American hatred towards communism was so blind that the nation ignored the social realities inside Vietnam. A second factor that escaped attention of US decision makers was that in a revolutionary insurgency like that was waged against in Vietnam, the appropriate strategy might have been “low intensity conflict doctrine” (Vickers, 1993, p.125). This might have been a feasible strategy for America, which had all the resources to wage a prolonged war. But it has been critiqued that the US leaders had no clear vision in this regard...
1 Pages(250 words)Essay

Vietnam War

... to achieve its targets such as Berlin Wall construction, Bay of Pigs invasion, and resolving the problems between Pathet Lao and Laos, although it had over 50,000 soldiers based in Korea. Such failures made Kennedy realize that even the U.S. attempts to stop the spread of communalism will fail, and this may even damage the reputation of his administration. He was therefore determined to come up with permanent solutions to end communist victory in Vietnam when he said “Now we have a problem making our power credible and Vietnam looks like the place” (Willoughby, 2007). Kennedy’s policy directed to the South Vietnam was based on the assumption that Diem and his army must win all the guerrilla wars on their own. He did not support further...
6 Pages(1500 words)Term Paper

The End of the Vietnam War

Nixon declared in 1969 that he would prolong the American involvement in the Vietnam War, in order to conclude the conflict and acquire “peace with honor” for the United States and for its partner, South Vietnam (U.S. Department of State, no date). Nixon defined his policy as “Vietnamization,” where the South Vietnamese aimed to attain greater combat functions, as Americans slowly withdrew from Vietnam (Simon, 2002). Vietnamization needed time, however, and to buy time, Nixon convinced the American public that the war had to be extended to attain peace. His popular vote margin in the 1968 election was “razor thin,” but to his advantage, the Democratic coalition was devastated in 1968 and political opportunities abounded (Simon, 2...
3 Pages(750 words)Essay

Vietnam War

... the North Vietnamese to conduct peace talks and bring the war to an end as quickly as possible. But the war failed to end, and in early 1969, a counterattack occurred. In the opening hours of the Tet Offensive, Viet Cong troops attacked thirteen of the sixteen provincial capitals of the Mekong delta of Southern Vietnam and many of the district capitals (Oberdorfer, 113). Part of the shock of Tet was the contrast between recent official American military optimism that the war was drawing to a close and the public's perception of the disparity between that optimism and the reality illuminated by the Tet attacks. The Viet Cong led the brunt of the communist Vietnamese attacks. In the majority of battles of the Tet Offensive throughout South...
8 Pages(2000 words)Essay

Vietnam War

The rules of engagement (ROE) for limited warfare during the Vietnam held different implications for different levels of stakeholders in the conduct of the war, from the President as Commander in Chief down to the foot solider in the field of battle. In this brief essay, some of these major implications for major stakeholders will be summarized. The materials for these summaries were taken from reading Lewy (1978) and The Weider History Group (2006)
For the individual soldier in the field, the ROE were often either unknown or unacknowledged. While the soldiers were aware of the general nature of the American involvement in Vietnam and understood that they needed to avoid unnecessary violence, if only to avoid making enemies...
2 Pages(500 words)Essay

Vietnam war

Vietnam War What were the most important factors, according to Johnson, that led to the withdrawal?
The first factor was the poor leadership and decision making techniques exhibited by the two presidents who fore so the war: Kennedy and Lyndon. They both put in more money and soldiers into the war that the Americans were clearly losing. The most important factor that led to the withdrawal was the immense deaths of the American soldiers. These deaths saw complaints and disgruntlement from the American people and so of the future leaders in the US and the pressure led to the withdrawal and end of the war.
There was also the fact that millions of dollars had been spent in the war and the people were no longer willing for their...
2 Pages(500 words)Essay

Vietnam war

... Vietnam War Introduction The United s of America for the first time from 1964 to 1972 made an all-out military effort in the fight as it took sides in the conflict in Vietnam. With all the technological and human capabilities, America was favored to win that war. The Government of America was very determined to end that war in the shortest possible period that never came to be. So, what really transpired in the Vietnam War? Did America emerge the “obvious winner? Many questions about the Vietnam War lay unanswered to date. This paper discusses and compares the views of different authors about the war in Vietnam. Evidently, the issue has been viewed differently as the books that will be discussed highlight. Some authors attribute...
4 Pages(1000 words)Essay

Vietnam war

...THE VIETNAM WAR (Root cause and its result) ID Number: of and number: of School (University) Word Count: 314 (text only) Date of Submission: July 24, 2014 The Vietnam War (1959-1975) was a prolonged or protracted conflict between the two parts of Vietnam – which are North Vietnam as communist and South Vietnam as democratic. Its root cause was the on-going and intensified Cold War between the two opposing superpowers at the time which were the United States of America (USA) as a champion for democracy and the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR) as the leader of the communist bloc in the world. Since it was the height of the Cold War, the USA and USSR could not fight each other directly due to the nuclear arsenals of both countries...
1 Pages(250 words)Essay

Vietnam Anti-War Movement

It was during that period that evolution of resistance started amongst Vietnamese nationalists led by Ho Chi Minh pressing for independence. The resistance resulted to the World War 1 that took place between the years 1914 to 1918. France continued to cling to its empire but Ho embraced Marxism-Leninism and built a strong following called Vietminh. The organization prepared to assume power of their territory after the occurrence of the Second World War. The war left France very weak but partly basing its strategies on racism contempt for the Vietnamese, French officials still had a believe that they could reassert their control and power over Indochina.
Vietnam Antiwar Movement was a movement against the US involvement in the...
8 Pages(2000 words)Research Paper

Freedom Summer of 1964 and Its Relationship with the Civil Rights Movement

The other organizations which participated in this Registration campaign were the Council of Federated Organization (COFO) in league with the National Association for Advancement of Colored People (NAACP), the Congress of Racial Equality (CORE), the Southern Christian Leadership Confederation (SCLC) and the Students Non-Violent Coordination Committee (SNCC). During this campaign, large groups of African American people, supported by around 1000 white volunteers, braved the rains in order to enter the Forrest Country Courthouse to register their Voting Rights. Around 30 Summer schools were also established during this Freedom Summer Campaign in various parts of Mississippi town in order to educate the black minorities, since, due t...
11 Pages(2750 words)Case Study

Comparison of the Cold War International System to the Current International System

An example is that of the Korean War (1950-53) which is said to transform the nature of the Cold War, while its initial impact was to solidify the division of the world into political, military, and economic spheres. Take Germany for instance where imperialism was a victim challenged by the historians for the destruction of the German Government along with its supporters used to conduct (Keylor, 2001, p. 44). That indicates economic expansion and territorial acquisition has always been a problem promoted since the First World War. Even in the 1920s, it was fashionable to declare the German empire on the threshold of the ‘Great War’ (Keylor, 2001, p. 44).

Europe in the global context remained tense and divide...
8 Pages(2000 words)Article

The Trade Union Movement in the UK

Before the ERA 1999, union membership and recognition in the UK were characterized by voluntarism, in which employers and employees could bargain over the terms and conditions of employment without any legal interference. With the statutory system ushered in by the new law, voluntary recognition of unions is no longer allowed and it becomes unlawful for British employers to deny recognition to unions under any circumstances. That conveys the impression that ERA created a radical change in British industrial relations. This paper takes the contrary view, however, and proposes that while the new industrial relations law looks revolutionary in principle, there are no fundamental changes in actuality for the change to qualify as &ldqu...
8 Pages(2000 words)Case Study

How Tomatoes Can Help Your Heart

Whether tomato is a fruit or vegetable? Well, this question can be answered in both ways. Botanically, tomato is a fruit but it is so frequently used as a culinary item all over the world, it is also considered as a vegetable. Long time back, the tomato was considered as fruit and helped the exporters to avoid taxation but 1893 the Supreme Court put an over this dispute by declaring that tomato was a vegetable and since that time onwards, tomatoes were taxed accordingly. Keeping in harmony with this tradition, till date tomatoes are served as entrée and very rarely as dessert. Apart from side dishes, wide array of main course dishes are also prepared from tomatoes and these dishes are regarded considered as lip-smacking cui...
6 Pages(1500 words)Case Study

Roles of the African American Soldiers in the Korean War

In 1950, nearly eight percent of the total military force standing in Korea was comprised of African-American servicemen, equally approximately one hundred thousand individuals willing to fight and possibly die for their country. The country which finally gave these men this opportunity, at this time, was undergoing radical change at home and abroad in wartime. As African-Americans sought and acquired more social and economic freedom, and the consequent political power, military officials realized the underutilization of Black soldiers. As a result, the Korean War marks for the first time a major role granted to African-Americans to contribute in a significant fashion to the military endeavors of the United States.
That which...
7 Pages(1750 words)Essay

Culture's Portrayal of the Vietnam War - A Criticism Misdirected

Most of the popular culture images were highly critical of the war and painted the US forces as brutal intruders into an otherwise peaceful and innocent jungle scene. From the viewpoint of the popular culture, its images and art, everybody had a scene to play and everybody got it wrong. The lowly buck private was no less responsible than the Commander in Chief, and the Pentagon shared equal guilt with the Military-Industrial Complex. Was the criticism legitimate? From the viewpoint of the actors, agents, and citizens that filled these roles, the medias criticism of the war and their grim portrayal of the times, was an exaggerated stretch of reality that forever tarnished the reputation of an entire generation.

It was ea...
7 Pages(1750 words)Assignment

Christian Identity Movement

verted to this religion believe that finally they have found their true identity by discovering that they are the descendants of the tribes of “white” Israel that were lost (Quarles 2004, p.7).
When any group of people say that they are superior to others on the basis of the race they belong to and also inculcate the belief that they are the only chosen people of God and not the people from other ethnic background, then one can very well say that that group or the organization is practicing racial beliefs. People who follow the Christian Identity believe that the people from Caucasian ethnic background are true Israelites and hence they are the only people from the God’s family (Quarles 2004, p.9). The teach...
6 Pages(1500 words)Coursework

The Origins of the Second World War

The accord at present is that it was Hitler's resolve to change the basis of European society that took the war to Europe in 1939. It was not essentially the war he was planning for; the facts propose that Hitler was intending to set up Germany for a huge conflict with Russia in the early 1940s. However, indisputably it was a war forced by his persistent pursuit of strategies that stood on race and on space (Henig, 1997).

The Second World War was originated due to the Fascist attack and the failure of democratic powers to prevent this assault. There seem to be a number of reasons for the Second World War to occur. German rearmament started after Hitler left 1932-34 Geneva Disarmament Conference, declaring that as the po...
7 Pages(1750 words)Article

Intelligence and the War on Drugs

When the Ronald Reagan Administration initiated its famous War on Drugs program in the 1980s with the catchy slogan “Just Say No”, the focus of the program was not exclusively Mexico. At that time, different pockets of Latin America posed threats of varying degrees, including Columbia and Brazil. But due to its proximity to the United States, and the increase in demand for cocaine and marijuana, Mexico has emerged as the greatest threat in recent decades. Compounding the problem of drug trafficking is the internal political chaos in Mexico. The Mexican governments of past and present have tried various methods and tactics for bringing the drug cartels under control but to no avail. It is a reflection of the governments...
7 Pages(1750 words)Assignment

The Geography of War and Peace

... can also be gender based. For example, gays were considered a security risk by the Federal Government during the Cold War era. The aftermath of this policy was that the gay movement in the country started in earnest. What could be seen from the above factors is that geopolitics can also be influences by suppression as well as aggression. The reason why this stand was taken by the Federal Government is based primarily on one single incident. A communist spy, Whittaker Chambers was convicted of anti-national activities. It was also discovered that he was gay. A simple connection between treason and gays was made. What is relevant here is that politics and its policies can be based on many factors. What it requires is a geopolitical agency...
10 Pages(2500 words)Assignment
sponsored ads
We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.

Let us find you another Essay on topic Did The Peace Movement Really Help End The Vietnam War for FREE!

Contact Us