StudentShare
Contact Us
Sign In / Sign Up for FREE
Search
Go to advanced search...

Toxic Hazard and Risk of Lead for Consumers - Essay Example

Comments (0) Cite this document
Summary
Lead is a highly toxic bluish-Gray metal that occurs naturally in the earth's crust. It is a relatively heavy metal which occurs in minute amount in the earth's crust. Eventually, from earth's crust Lead finds its way to the environment chiefly through human activities such as mining, manufacturing activities and burning of fossil fuels (such as car fuels which has Lead additives to facilitate smooth combustion)…
Download full paperFile format: .doc, available for editing
GRAB THE BEST PAPER97.3% of users find it useful
Toxic Hazard and Risk of Lead for Consumers
Read TextPreview

Extract of sample "Toxic Hazard and Risk of Lead for Consumers"

Download file to see previous pages Lead is a highly toxic substance which when ingested may lead to irreparable neurological damage in children (ATSDR, 1999), kidney diseases, cardiovascular problems and reproductive complications. In 2007 Lead was ranked as the second most toxic substance after Arsenic (ATSDR, 2007). The toxicology of Lead is a result of its chemical similarity with Calcium thus the human body confuses Lead for Calcium and incorporates it into the bone marrow, kidney and the brain.
Inasmuch as Lead affects adults, its effects on children can be fatal. A minimum of 10g/ml blood Lead impairs mental and physical development in children. A maximum of 80g/ml blood Lead leads to convulsions, comma and death. Lead poisoning can be detected through a number of symptoms. In children, the symptoms include abdominal pain, anaemia, vomiting, weight loss, short concentration span, hyperactivity, petulance and a slow speech development. In adults, the symptoms may include abdominal pain, memory loss, pale skin, weight loss, vomiting, petulance and anaemia.
Lead poisoning can come from a number of exposure routes. All students, faculty staff and all visitors in IUB are exposed to these routes. First, the exposure route involving Lead Based Paint (LBP) is a major source. The paints used IUB buildings may chip off due to wear and tear, moisture friction or deliberate removal during renovation. The chips contain lead and mix with the dust which can be inhaled. The chips in the soil may leech and end up in water bodies. This route is not an acute exposure route. It is only acute to children who are fond of mouthing non food objects and substances. The preventive action to avert this exposure is to use Non- Lead paints which are of the same quality and glaze just like LBP.
Industrial/ occupational Lead exposure is another possible route in that workers in a factory or laboratory that handles Lead are exposed to lead. Examples of such workers in IUB are those in pottery (Use Lead glaze), automotive repair (inhale exhaust fumes with Lead), industrial machinery and equipment, (inhale exhaust fumes with Lead) and chemistry students/laboratory technicians (analyze LBP or even handle elemental lead). Students of ceramics who use Lead glaze may inhale the Lead fumes involved in the Lead glaze. Those individuals threatened by this kind of exposure need to be careful and keen to wear protective gear such as masks to prevent the inhalation of the Lead fumes. This exposure is an acute threat because of the form and amount of Lead inhaled. The amount inhaled can be specifically high because the Lead is in gaseous form.
Dishware is another exposure route. The plates and cups made of melamine or glass with a lead glaze, used by the students and faculty at the cafeteria or any other eating place, are a real threat. This is so because acidic food (such as tomato sauce, coffee, juice etc) kept in these containers may exacerbate lead leeching which can lead to lead poisoning. Though this is not an acute threat based on the amount of lead that can possibly leech, it is important that any dishware with a lead glaze is avoided.
Most ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
Cite this document
  • APA
  • MLA
  • CHICAGO
(“Toxic Hazard and Risk of Lead for Consumers Essay”, n.d.)
Toxic Hazard and Risk of Lead for Consumers Essay. Retrieved from https://studentshare.org/miscellaneous/1502576-toxic-hazard-and-risk-of-lead-for-consumers
(Toxic Hazard and Risk of Lead for Consumers Essay)
Toxic Hazard and Risk of Lead for Consumers Essay. https://studentshare.org/miscellaneous/1502576-toxic-hazard-and-risk-of-lead-for-consumers.
“Toxic Hazard and Risk of Lead for Consumers Essay”, n.d. https://studentshare.org/miscellaneous/1502576-toxic-hazard-and-risk-of-lead-for-consumers.
  • Cited: 0 times
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment or rate a document

CHECK THESE SAMPLES OF Toxic Hazard and Risk of Lead for Consumers

Human Toxic Chemical Hazard And Risk Assessment

According to a report produced by Centers for Disease Control (CDC), in 2008, this chemical toxin is the widely studied and researched toxin, because of its toxicological effect on humans (Abash, 113). However, according to Consumer Product Safety Commission (CPSC), fungi produced mycotoxins are harmless and helpful to human body. In addition, according to Food and Drug Administration (FDA), Aflatoxins are not harmful if only consumed in very minute quantities. This toxic chemical substance is known to cause acute liver damage and liver cancer (Smith, 33). The cumulative effect of this toxic chemical substance is what is known to cause the liver diseases and damage. A major concern about this toxin is that it is heat stable. Thus...
5 Pages(1250 words)Essay

Toxic hazards and Risk Asbestos Consumers

... of Pesticides and Toxic substances is also accredited with the standards for training professionals exclusively in the field of asbestos. The Occupational Safety and Health Administration group is largely responsible for ensuring that workers are protected against asbestos use and that overall safety plans in various companies comply with regulations. Additionally, the Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry is largely responsible for ensuring that the public is informed about the risk of exposure to this product. It is also in charge of the health care concerns that can arise as result of exposure to asbestos. Consequently, as it can be seen from the latter agencies, the issue of asbestos as a hazard is a cause for concern given...
5 Pages(1250 words)Essay

Western Policies have Lead to Islamic Fundamentalism

It was used to producing a generation of colonialists’ tutored primarily to take over the lands that they were being taught about. The purpose of their academics was to make them familiar with the land and the people, and in turn, bring about their conquest.

Second, Edward Said discusses how by defining ‘Orientalism’ the Western scholars were actually defining themselves. By constantly pointing out the differences between the ‘East’ and the ‘West’, Orientalists themselves produced a divide. The West being liberated, open, and innovative; while the East is portrayed as backward, confined, and superstitious. This continuous brainwashing gave the future ‘liberators’ of...
8 Pages(2000 words)Book Report/Review

Will Globalization Lead to a Global Culture

Globalization is defined as the global spread of influence of culture, language, religion, communication, media, transportation, trade, technology, business concepts, environmental and health concerns. In terms of consumer products marketing globalization is defined as the process enabling financial and investment markets to operate globally, largely as a result of deregulation and improved communications.

Since communication is one of the most important aspects of globalization it uses highly effective communication tools such as electronic media, television, wireless connections, satellite, Internet, etc. As a result of this marketing, entertainment and business development, especially in the western pattern, are esca...
7 Pages(1750 words)Term Paper

Risk Management of Space Tourism

The necessitates that adventure tourism is encouraged but after incorporating certain lessons learned in the process. Adventure tourism has led to advancements in technology. The economy of the region experiences growth and the cultural identity of the region remains intact. Risk and safety management has to be enforced through Codes of Conduct which could differ across sectors. Space tourism will result in positively impacting the economy and society while the environmental impact is minimal. Risk management, in this case, has been taken care of and this could bring about an absolutely new dimension in the field of adventure tourism.

The human mind is creative and forever looks for change, challenge, and adventure. Hum...
12 Pages(3000 words)Case Study

Project Risk Assessment: Qualitative Versus Quantitative Approach

The risks may vary in terms of nature or scope according to the situation. So since the risk is so common in project management, a very important aspect of managing a project is analyzing all the possible risks that are associated with that particular project. It makes no sense of going on with a project and not giving a thought to the risks that could affect the success. Once these risks are analyzed, the project manager will have all the possible risks in front of him. He will know the degree of risk and also the benefits that the organization will get if the risk is taken. Therefore only after a risk analysis, the project manager is in a position to conclude whether or not it is worth taking the risk and going on with a certain...
6 Pages(1500 words)Assignment

The Relationship Between Security, Risk and Health in a Large Organisation

... that a hazard will cause loss or damage, b) risk assessment – defining what can go wrong, c) risk management – a discipline for dealing with uncertainty’ (Sadgrove, 2005, 5). In accordance with Reuvid (2005) the management of risk in modern organizations would have more chances to be successful if the following activities are performed: ‘a) risk identification, b) risk management strategy, c) contingency planning, d) culture, training and awareness, e) exercising, maintenance and audit and f) implementation’ (Reuvid, 2005, 24). The limitation of risk involved in the activities of modern organizations is a challenging task. At a next level, even if a case of violation of a firm’s premises or data is brought before the courts...
9 Pages(2250 words)Coursework

Heavy Menstrual Bleeding, Its Treatment and Risk

... among tumors do not really lead to death and its main characteristic feature is that it rarely changes from being a benign tumor to a malignant one. This means that the long term risks should exclude most probable consequences of death or malignisation. Among the prolonged effects of hysterectomy are cardiovascular diseases, it increases the risk of having cancer of other types if surgically removed in comparison to those women who have not undergone one. There can also be long term pain syndrome especially in the pelvic region and may cause a dysfunction in the motility system of the bowel without excluding a prolapse of the vagina. Thus all of them are contributing factors which may directly be lethal to the health of the patient...
6 Pages(1500 words)Case Study

The Issue of Business Risk

...Introduction The large scale corporate scandals such as Enron and WorldCom and the current economic crisis has resulted into the debate regarding theeffectiveness of the audit as the valid tool to critically analyze and expose the illegal and imprudent management and accounting practices that have resulted into the losses for the shareholders. The development of approaches such as Business Risk Audit was one of the manners in which audit community as a whole attempted to bring in a new and more refined approach to audit in order to overcome the traditional weaknesses of the audit tools and also cope with the increasing complexities of the modern business. This new approach was based on assessing the risk in business as well as process...
6 Pages(1500 words)Literature review

Risk Management

Financial risk is the risk of getting losses because of market changes or the operations of competitors in the market (Das, 2006 ) On the other hand, operational risk refers to those risks of losses due to non-financial business inputs, outputs, and operations. Operational risk can be further classified into pure and speculative risks. Pure risks are those that on occurrence lead to loss and if they do not occur, they would not lead to any profits either. Speculative risks are those kinds of risks whereby on occurrence they lead to a loss but when they do not occur, they lead to profits (Das, 2006). These two kinds of risks occur on a daily basis in any market situation and each business unit needs preparation for them.
Many...
7 Pages(1750 words)Term Paper

Impact Of Packaging On Environment And Taste Senses of the Consumers

...Impact Of Packaging On Environment And Consumers’ Tastes Research of client of the of Department, of university. Correspondence concerning this paper should be addressed to client’s name, Name of department, name of University, address. Contact: (e-mail) We live in extremely over-packaged world that shows how disposable all nations are. While the manufacturers are in pursue of different ways on increasing their welfare, consumers stand highly concerned about the ethical and environmental impact of packaging on human health and life. In accordance with the recent SWOT analysis1, ethical consumers seek clear and evident ethical food although currently this desire is not satisfied properly. Ethical consumer is always concerned...
7 Pages(1750 words)Essay

History and Effects of Lead Poisoning in United States

.... Usually, the effects of chronic toxicity will not manifest immediately as they are consumed in small quantities for an extended period, but the same cannot be said of acute toxicity. This is a term used in reference to the exposure to lead for a short time, but in significant quantities. Suffice to say, irrespective of the period of exposure, lead poisoning is extremely harmful to every creature. When it reaches the bloodstream, this poison usually damages red blood cells hence limiting their capacity to spread oxygen meaning anemia is imminent. Additionally, once it spreads to the bones, the patient feels weak and tired; if it touches on the head it becomes worse as confusion is likely (CDC, 2012). To sum it up, lead-poisoning...
11 Pages(2750 words)Term Paper
sponsored ads
We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.

Let us find you another Essay on topic Toxic Hazard and Risk of Lead for Consumers for FREE!

Contact Us