StudentShare
Contact Us
Sign In / Sign Up for FREE
Search
Go to advanced search...

Paper on Language - Essay Example

Comments (0) Cite this document
Summary
Communication in human beings is facilitated through the use of specific languages that in contrast to animals are learned and not biologically inherited. Language is defined as the primary way whereby individuals communicate. According to Edward Sapir (1921), "language is pure human and non-instinctive method of communicating ideas, emotions, and desires by means of voluntarily produced symbols." This definition highlights that the user of the language voluntarily communicate with his recipient…
Download full paperFile format: .doc, available for editing
GRAB THE BEST PAPER93.7% of users find it useful
Paper on Language
Read TextPreview

Extract of sample "Paper on Language"

Download file to see previous pages Another more recent definition of language is given by Michael Holiday. According to him:
"Language is a range of possibilities, an open-ended set of options in behavior that are available to the individual in his existence as social man. The context of culture is the environment of any particular selection that is made from within them ... The context of culture defines the potential, the range of possibilities that are open. The actual choice among these possibilities takes place within a given context of situation."
This definition is much more encompassing as it highlights that language is not just through the use of vocal or oral symbols but a range of possibilities. Man communicates through speech, writing, and still other means are introduced in this digital age. A human also engage in non-verbal communication through his actions and entire behavior. Holiday also asserts that language can only fully understood in the context of the culture of the speaker or his lexicon.
Lexicon is defined as the "knowledge of that the speaker has about a language." This includes information about the form and meaning of the words and phrases, lexical categorization, the appropriate usage of words, relationship between words and phrases, and categories of words and phrases.
b. Evaluate the key features of language.
The understanding of language can be acquired by evaluating its key features (Design features of Language 2007).
1. Duality of patterning is a basic principle in human language. This feature of language provides an economic way for human beings to create an infinite set of linguistic units. It should be noted that the individual sounds comprising language is meaningless in themselves. Yet, these sounds can be combined together in other to become produce an infinite number of "meaningful utterances."
2. Displacement refers to the unique sense of time in human beings. As opposed to animals, humans have the ability to separate the past from the future and can talk about these time spheres.
3. Open-endedness describes the ability of humans to add new words to the current set of words. This is illustrated by the words which are coined according to our new experiences and innovations which augment, enhance, and even modify our language.
4. Arbitrariness refers to the lack of "natural or essential relationship" between to the words and the objects they refer to. This also highlights that the meaning of the words are constructed through social conventions.
5. Vocal-auditory channel is the feature of human language which sets it apart from animals. Human's communication is through the ears and the mouth and not through other channels like nose or eyes.
c. Describe the four levels of language structure and processing.
There are four levels of language structure and processing namely, grammar, logic, semantics, and general semantics. Grammar relations refer to the words to words relationship within a sentence without considering the relation of each sentence to another. Logic takes a step further by looking at the statement to statement relationships by evaluating subjects and predicates in an ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
Cite this document
  • APA
  • MLA
  • CHICAGO
(“Paper on Language Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1000 words”, n.d.)
Paper on Language Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1000 words. Retrieved from https://studentshare.org/miscellaneous/1502262-paper-on-language
(Paper on Language Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1000 Words)
Paper on Language Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1000 Words. https://studentshare.org/miscellaneous/1502262-paper-on-language.
“Paper on Language Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1000 Words”, n.d. https://studentshare.org/miscellaneous/1502262-paper-on-language.
  • Cited: 0 times
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment or rate a document

CHECK THESE SAMPLES OF Paper on Language

Philosophy of Language Senior Course Paper

...? Wittgenstein and the Philosophy of language: Plus or Quus? of Wittgenstein and the Philosophy of Language: Plus or Quus? It is easy to dismiss something which one makes no effort to understand. The purpose of what follows is to advocate the significance of a simple yet misunderstood concept in the philosophy of language, namely, “meaning.” One of the major topics that undermine the concept of “meaning” can be seen manifested in the rule following problem. Thus, this paper will address Ludwig Wittgenstein and Saul Kripke’s interpretation of the rule-following problem. Furthermore, this paper will focus on the possibility of establishing meaning with reference to a private language, as seen in one’s use of ‘+’ in our everyday language...
11 Pages(2750 words)Essay

Language and Memory Paper

...?Language and Memory Paper Task: Language and Memory Paper Introduction Language is a vital aspect of human beings, which denotes the complexity of communication. Communication entails physical and psychology elements. To understand languages, it is vital to understand the components, which contribute to the formation of the language. The factors that contribute to language include semantic memory, which stores general facts on a long-term basis. Subsequently, it would be vital to analyze language production phases. This write up will analyze the functions of semantic memory, language production and the roles of language.  The Nature and Function of Semantic Memory One of the countless purposes of the brain is storage of information...
4 Pages(1000 words)Research Paper

Language Paper

...?Language paper: Define language and lexicon: A lexicon encompasses all the words belonging to a language of a group of people. It is basically a list of words which serves to bridge the distance between language and information delivered in that language. It is considered the most dynamic and vibrant part of a language owing to continuous changes it goes through. It is also one of the most critically important key features which constructs a language and lends it stability. Without vast vocabulary that does not undergo transition with changing times, a language sinks into depth of anonymity which explains how important lexicon is. It affects both written and spoken language as it is impossible to get a grip on a particular language...
4 Pages(1000 words)Essay

Language Beliefs Paper

...Language Beliefs Research on language acquisition/use can be divided into first and second language learning settings. The literature on first language learning is most relevant to child development while second language learning pertains primarily to adult learning, although most general theories of language learning apply to both. While it is not clear whether different psychological processes are involved in first and second language learning, there are however a number of differences in the way children and adults learn and this has important implications. Theories of adult learning and literacy are more expected to be providing an appropriate framework for second language learning compared to those concerned with child development...
2 Pages(500 words)Essay

Ethical Dilemma paper-second moral language

...SECOND MORAL LANGUAGE PAPER ETHICAL DILLEMA Ethical dilemma refers to the perplexed situation in which performing an act that is morally good and ethically refined one results in bad outcome and ends an inappropriate effect on the one hand, and a morally wrong act produces a pleasant state of mind and circumstances on the other. In the ups and downs of life, such moments come when it becomes really hard to take decision without partiality, keeping in view the ethical duties and moral obligation, having no care of one’s own priorities and interests at all. Robert J Nash (2002) has presented the model of the Second Moral Language, in which he has described the ethical dilemma and moral conflict arising in man’s mind as an outcome of his...
5 Pages(1250 words)Essay

Love - Language and Memory Paper

...Language and Memory (SCHOOL) One of the most intriguing concepts that can be discussed in psychology is memory and its role in language production. Semantic memory, more of “knowledge” than memory, plays a crucial role in development and understanding how language works. In this essay, the functions of language are briefly discussed in relation to the semantic memory’s role in language production. It highlights the dynamic interaction which can be perceived when taking into consideration the functions of language and the “monoheirarchal” organization of memory proposed by Tulving. Keywords: Semantic memory, language production, procedural memory Memory, one of the most intriguing components of the human psyche, have been studied and even...
4 Pages(1000 words)Essay

M7 Plain Language assessment and method paper

...M7 Plain Language Discussion M7 Plain Language Discussion I am basically a kinesthetic person because I understand things by doing or through hands-on means. I rarely forget or lose knowledge acquired through involvement in an activity. My kinesthetic orientation is evident from the inevitable need to make some notes when reading rather than just going through a text. My learning and information storage capability goes hand-in-hand with the involvement of my hands in which there is a strong coordination between my brain and the arms. This condition does not change with situation or type of information because physical involvement happens to determine my learning and storage capabilities in all forms of information. I am particularly...
4 Pages(1000 words)Assignment

Language paper - 360

... occasions, a child captures the knowledge of the language used around them. After this acquisition, they would then understand instructions as well as conversations being carried out around them. This defines the role of language in cognitive psychology. Guy (2005) asserts that language acquisition and practice defines the level at which a person is able to develop their mental abilities. The author also cites that tutors understand this requirement and school curriculums develop mechanism aimed at language improvements and acquisition. From the paper, it is an obvious assumption language is important in the society. The existence of numerous languages displays the importance of the symbol in the world. Additionally, the paper also...
5 Pages(1250 words)Essay

Language Paper

...Language as a Key Aspect of Cognitive Psychology al affiliation There has always been a number of misconceptions andmisunderstandings between representatives of different languages and cultures. Even more, all the people may sometimes find it difficult to understand certain dialects of their own language. People of different age, speaking one dialect, may sometimes misunderstand each other. In order to avoid these misunderstandings it is necessary to provide precise analysis of language features and levels of its structure and processing. Language is inextricably connected with cognitive processes. Such mental processes as thinking, reasoning, perceiving, attention, remembering, and decision making are being studied by cognitive...
5 Pages(1250 words)Research Paper

Chomsky: Language Acquisition Device

Skinner and many others. From their theories and arguments (Avram) Noam Chomsky, an American linguist and educator, as well as political activist, came up with his own views and theories which rejected, accepted and added depth in the study of language revolutionizing linguistics.
Today, English is known to be the universal language. To be at par with the rest of the world and to be able to compete and join the bandwagon of technology and business, even professionals of different nationalities study language without so much of a difficulty.
The paper consists of discussions on Chomsky’s view on Language Development focusing more on what is called the “universal grammar” comparing it with the theories of...
6 Pages(1500 words)Assignment

An Analysis of the Differences in Brain Processes of Males and Females during Language Tasks

Such is the case with the development of cognitive functions and language skills. While the brain may have complexities that we simply haven’t even yet scratched the surface of, seemingly every day there are advancements in our knowledge of brain functions.

MRI’s and various cognitive function tests have shown that males and females use different parts of their brains while performing the exact same language tasks; the biological basis for this is due to the organizing effects of testosterone and estrogen. Females have long been known to be slightly ahead of males as far as language skills at younger ages, but this could also be attributed to the fact that overall females develop earlier than males and reach...
7 Pages(1750 words)Case Study

James Madison's 51st Federalist Paper

If this theory was seriously followed, it would suggest that the citizens must opt for the president, the legislators, as well as the judges. However, the framers identified certain realistic problems in making all the offices elective. Especially, the judicial branch would face problems because the typical person does not have knowledge about what qualifications judges ought to have. Judges must have great capability, but also not have any political pressures. While federal judges are selected for life, their philosophy will not be inclined via the president who appoints them or the senators whose permission the president will take.

All the arguments were generated due to his past life as he was in an aristocratic fami...
6 Pages(1500 words)Term Paper

Language Learning Strategies of Listening Comprehension

...Do meta-cognitive Language Learning Strategies assist in the SLA of listening comprehension? Learning Disabilities Even though most researchers agreeabout the characteristics of learning disabilities, there is a disagreement about what should or should not be included in the definition of learning disabilities. While there is some agreement about these general topics, there is continued disagreement in the field about diagnostic criteria, assessment practices, treatment procedures, and educational policies for learning disabilities. A number of influences have contributed to these disagreements, which in turn, have made it difficult to build a generalized body of scientific and clinical knowledge about learning disabilities. Furthermore...
10 Pages(2500 words)Case Study

Teaching Language and Communication Skills

“Language occurs through an interaction among genes (which hold innate tendencies to communicate and be sociable), environment, and the child’s own thinking abilities” (Genishi, 2006). But just how does this happen? How do children learn to use sounds to communicate and then to place those sounds in the correct order to make themselves understood? While some of this behavior can be attributed to the imitation of the caregivers, there remain aspects to the development of language and communication that cannot be so easily explained. To provide a more complete understanding of how language and communication develop in the young child, it is necessary to understand not only the primary terms that are applied, but al...
12 Pages(3000 words)Case Study

Syllabus Design for Learners of English as a Second Language

The translation and transmutation of syllabuses into the teaching procedures are generally recognized by the established conceptions of the second language learning methodologies, predominant amongst them are the Grammar Translation Method and Audiolingual Method. These notions in addition to the emergent concepts aiding to the structuring of the syllabus and curriculum for English as the Second Language are critically discussed in detail in this literary essay.

English being globally considered and established as the ‘lingua franca’ whether in terms of international communications or technological interrelations, hence English as the second language is extensively popularized and most sought after language...
7 Pages(1750 words)Research Paper

Childhood Language Acquisition

The study of language is inherently victim to scientific frustration because of our inability to create language. Indeed, the subject of study is confined to those languages already ensconced into linguistic communities. Children’s acquisition of language is an equally troublesome area of research insofar as children are not subject to the researcher’s manipulation like any other variable Moreover, unlike the ideal variable in the study, a child’s linguistic development does not occur in a vacuum: it coincides temporally with not only physical/motor growth, but also cognitive, perceptual, and social development. In spite of these methodological problems with studying the nature of the language-acquisition process...
7 Pages(1750 words)Coursework

Explorations in Language and Meaning

...Although dictionaries exist that claim to offer clear and concise definitions of words, for linguistics the issue involves philosophical concerns: How is objective meaning determined for language? What methods are used to determine the difference between one word and another? Is it possible to say words spelled similarly have different meanings? This essay examines these questions by analyzing the linguistic concepts of Referential Theory, Image Theory, Polysemes, and Homonymys. 1. THEORIES OF MEANING Referential Theory Referential Theory refers to a method of determining linguistic meaning. In this theory, word meaning is determined by everything that can be physically referenced to the word. These connecting words are referred...
7 Pages(1750 words)Essay

Australias Policies on Language and Multiculturalism

The state government is headed by the Premier (Government in Australia n.d.). Each state has its own electoral and educational system (Government in Australia n.d.). Composing the state are smaller political subdivisions or municipalities and run by the local governments called councils (Government in Australia n.d.).
Multiculturalism is an essential element of Australian society since it provides the framework for social goals that foster solidarity and upholds ideas, capacity and economic growth (Multiculturalism 1996). According to the South Australian Multicultural and Ethnic Affairs Commission Act of 1980, multiculturalism refers to the “policies and practices that recognize and respond to the ethnic diversity of t...
9 Pages(2250 words)Assignment

The Language of Authors in Expressing Issues in the Novel

The use of the narrator in the novel helps illustrate sensual, erotic, and heartbreaking moments. To achieve its goal of exploring the acknowledged subject of love, betrayal, beauty, and desire, the author approaches the issues with an overwhelming zeal. Hence, the aim of the study is to evaluate the various techniques used in the two narratives in communicating their notions of the various subjects within the novels.
Acker uses language from other writers; as well, the plot in her fiction employs appropriation, which in return propels appropriation to the extreme since a huge part of her writing integrates texts of fiction from past writers. Blood and Guts in High school deal with the journey of a young lady through a dark w...
8 Pages(2000 words)Literature review
sponsored ads
We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.

Let us find you another Essay on topic Paper on Language for FREE!

Contact Us