We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.
Nobody downloaded yet

Modern Philosophy - Essay Example

Comments (0)
Epistemology or theory of knowledge is the branch of philosophy that is concerned with the nature and scope of knowledge. It focused on analyzing the nature of knowledge and how it relates to similar notions such as truth, belief, and justification. It also deals with the means of production of knowledge, as well as skepticism about different knowledge claims.
Download full paper

Extract of sample
Modern Philosophy

Download file to see previous pages... In philosophy, empiricism is generally a theory of knowledge emphasizing the role of experience, based on perceptual observations by the five senses. . such as sight, touch, hearing and smell. According to Hume, empiricism is a reduction of ideas to nothing more than fuzzy remembered images of actual perceptions that they regard freedom or self-determination both as real and as having important ontological implications, for soul or mind or divinity.
John Locke is the father of true empiricism, which is nothing more than a denial of innate (or a priori) knowledge and philosophical rationalism (the belief that knowledge can be derived by reason alone without reference to the perceived world) and insistence that all knowledge is derived and based on conscious experience of the world. That the world we are conscious of is objectively real, and it is our conscious perception of that objectively real world and our reasoning about it, which is the only source of true knowledge. Locke's empiricism began and ended with Locke. Bishop Berkley and Hume immediately destroyed it, and "empiricism" after Locke devolved into extreme Skepticism and subjective Idealism.
In the late eighteenth century Immanuel Kant set forth a groundbreaking philosophical system which claimed to bring unity to rationalism and empiricism. Rationalists believe there are innate ideas that are not found in experience. These ideas exist independently of any experience people may have. These ideas may in some way derive from the structure of the human mind, or they may exist independently of the mind. If they exist independently, they may be understood by a human mind once it reaches a necessary degree of sophistication. Empiricists who denied that there are concepts that exist prior to experience. For them, all knowledge is a product of human learning, based on human perception. Perception, however, may cause concern, since illusions, misunderstandings, and hallucinations prove that perception does not always depict the world as it really is. In Kant's view people certainly do have knowledge that is prior to experience, which is not devoid of cognitive significance.
Kant has been justly recognized for creating a revolutionary synthesis between the absolute, but speculative certainties of the continental rationalism of his time (represented by Leibniz) and the practical approach of British empiricism (culminating with Hume) that ended up in universal skepticism. Kant's initial position was considerably closer to the continental rationalism of Leibniz and Wolff than to British empiricism. Both his background and his personal inclination caused him to search for absolute certainties rather than pragmatic solutions. It was Hume's skepticism merely served as a catalyst to make him realize how little certainty there could be in any metaphysical construct which described himself as a lover of metaphysics whose affection had not been reciprocated. In the eighteenth ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment
Modern Philosophy
After reducing substances to the concept of monads, in paragraph 18 and by them establishes the principle of self-sufficiency, such that a thing is the source of itself and is hence self-sufficient. His course is toward a definition of truth and to get to it he establishes principles of self-identity along with the principle of self-sufficiency.
4 Pages(1000 words)Essay
The influnce of Socrates and Plato on ancient philosophy and modern western philosophy
Nonetheless, Socrates was a well-known and contentious personality in ancient Greece. Socrates was a philosopher of ancient Greece who is acknowledged for establishing the basics of modern Western philosophy. Socrates has had a vast influence on ancient Greek or, generally, on Western philosophy, together with apprentices Plato and Aristotle.
4 Pages(1000 words)Essay
Pre-modern and Modern Political Philosophy
To my mind, protection of its citizens is the crucial ethical role that has to be performed by any State or Government. Further on in this essay, the main positions of the abovementioned philosophers are summarized and a personal position on the role of government is provided.
4 Pages(1000 words)Essay
History of Western Philosophy: Modern Period
Descartes’ philosophical deduction of what he supposed as the general rule of truth is that “whatever I perceive very clearly and distinctly is true” (7:35). Descartes then proceeded to use the causal principle in
4 Pages(1000 words)Essay
e epigraph for the Spirit of the Law is taken from the Metamorphoses of the ancient Roman poet Ovid: “An offspring created without a mother” (2.553). Montesquieu understands his work as offering a creative or original approach to both longstanding and novel problems of
36 Pages(9000 words)Essay
Research paper for modern philosophy, The Fable of the Bees by Bernard Mandeville
There were very few men and women who believed that being virtuous was the second best quality required of them. He forced them to look at life from a totally new
12 Pages(3000 words)Essay
Modern Philosophy
In particular, Kant’s taking the epistemological debate to a new direction was considered his biggest contribution to philosophy as it was supposed to have ended the age-long debate between Rationalists
8 Pages(2000 words)Essay
The constructivist philosophy in the modern pedagogy
The author of the essay aims at providing an analysis of constructivist pedagogical activities and an evaluation of effective teaching technologies. Moreover, it is should be pointed out that the constructivist educational system in depth analysis will be accessed through the author’s wiki page and power point presentation.
1 Pages(250 words)Essay
Modern Philosophy - Baruch Spinoza (Inside/Outside problem)
Inside – outside problem can be explained in the following manner. For the purposes of clarity, there have to be two assertions (2) Thought is a
13 Pages(3250 words)Essay
Early Modern Philosophy
and as a result “patently false.” Descartes’ then goes on to question the validity of sense impressions through a rigorous line of questioning. He considers that it might be possible that when he believes he is actually alive, he is actually dreaming. He also considers
2 Pages(500 words)Essay
Let us find you another Essay on topic Modern Philosophy for FREE!
Contact us:
Contact Us Now
FREE Mobile Apps:
  • About StudentShare
  • Testimonials
  • FAQ
  • Blog
  • Free Essays
  • New Essays
  • Essays
  • The Newest Essay Topics
  • Index samples by all dates
Join us:
Contact Us