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Health and safety plus risks on the site - Assignment Example

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Summary
Follow Occupational Health and Safety regulations 2001 guidelines, including Safe Work Method Statements, compliance with Material Safety Data Sheets, staff training and minimum storage of such materials on site.
In case the concrete footbridge is made using caissons, then the structure has to be treated as an enclosed space and all risk mitigation measures applicable to enclosed spaces shall apply…
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Health and safety plus risks on the site
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Health and safety risks and mitigation measures in a River Diversion project. The general causes for most health and safety risks are: Variations in water levels and flow rates cause collapses and if not foreseen, can wash away humans, plants and resources
Study of water flow rates and climatic patterns, as also knowledge of local weather behavior.
Currents and tides (in case of estuaries or sea-abutting structures)
Scheduling of work activities, especially water-based, around tide timetables
Weather changes, causing flash floods.
Real-time updates of weather systems upriver.
Plant and equipment usage
Qualified people, with good equipment, and managed / monitored activities.
Lack of monitoring on site.
A constantly update monitoring plan with the CDM coordinator, and all contractors
Diseases
Salmonelia
Hepatitis
E-coli
Cryptospopridiosis
Leptospirosis
Legionnaire's disease
H & S plan including good sanitary and welfare facilities.
Access to emergency medical services and evacuation.
Environmental Impact risks
Environmental audit before and during work.
Other users of the waterway
Clear demarcation of worksite and prior intimation of local authorities of any disruptions to normal life along the waterway.
Project stage-specific Health and Safety risks and mitigation measures.
SITE CLEARING AND PREPARATION
Heave cutting and other logging equipment.
Suitable plan and machinery.
Earthmoving Equipment
Staff training and detailed plan of action for all equipment.
Existing utility services in ground
Identification and diversion to reduce downtime in case of critical utilities to surrounding areas.
Creation of topsoil storage
Demarcation of areas to store and replace after completion.
Deforestation
Preparation of plant nursery to replenish destroyed / killed plants to maintain ecological value to site.
EXCAVATION
Lateral water flow into excavations
Pit lining and formwork strengthening.
Ground water flowing into excavated foundations. Flooding of worksite.
Design of foundations and formwork to resist inward pressure. Safety lines for workers working in pits.
Instability caused due to soft soil, causing mudslides
Edge strengthening and fencing. Safety officer to put up warning notices.
Liquifaction of soil caused by earthmoving equipment, causing embankment and trench failure
Clear demarcation of areas where earthmovers can move. Strengthening of ground and testing before moving equipment to new location on site.
Fall due to insufficient marking, fencing or lighting of site
Irregular settlement
CONCRETE WORK
Sound and noise from construction site
Strict monitoring of sound levels and choise of low-sound motors and equipment.
Environmental impact due to heavy equipment and trucks.
Detailed EIA of project to reduce risks for the environment.
Falling and injury due to working at height over water. (Specific to footbridge)
Qualified riggers and crane operators, with harnesses etc for all workers.
Instability of reinforcement formwork
Checking fo formwork by engineer before pours. Detailed formwork and shuttering drawings from engineers and designers.
Structural failure of diversion
Constant cube and other testing of concrete before pours. Sufficient curing of concrete.
Danger from debris left during construction
CDM to monitor site safety and periodic clearing of debris from site, including eco-friendly disposal or reuse.
Premature Flooding of diversion channel.
Provision of punps with sufficient capacity, including backup pump and backup power source for pump.
OTHER GENERAL RISKS AND THEIR MITIGATION
General construction hazards
1. Selection of competent contractors to execute the project.
2. Preparation of a Safety Management Plan.
3. Development of environmental checks and monitoring methodology for the site.
4. Staff training.
Use of dangerous goods
Follow Occupational Health and Safety regulations 2001 guidelines, including Safe Work Method Statements, compliance with Material Safety Data Sheets, staff training and minimum storage of such materials on site.
In case the concrete footbridge is made using caissons, then the structure has to be treated as an enclosed space and all risk mitigation measures applicable to enclosed spaces shall apply. In addition to that, the caisson shall be floated and lowered to its location, requiring Health and safety measures as applicable to boats and waterways, to be followed. Read More
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