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Potential impact of biotechnology on modern society - Essay Example

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Many areas of biotechnology have arisen through the interaction between various parts of biology and engineering,biochemistry,biophysics,cell biology,colloid chemistry, embryology,ecology,immunology,molecular biology,medical chemistry and many such fields…
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Potential impact of biotechnology on modern society

Download file to see previous pages... yeast cells have been genetically manipulated to produce vaccine against hepatitis B virus. myeloma cells and b-cells of immunized mice were hybridized to produce hybrid cells that consisted the characteristics of both the cells which were cell division and antibody production. following are the areas where biotechnology has done best.The maximum benefits to biotechnology have been utilized by health care. Biotechnology derived proteins and polypeptides from the new class of potential drugs. for ex insulin was primarily extracted from slaughter animals. since 1982 human insulin have been produced by micro organism in fermenters.some of the important products that have been produced are interferon for cancer and viral infection, human urokinase for plasminogen activator used in vascular disorder, insulin for treatment of diabetes, human factor for clotting for hemophilia, lymph lines for auto immune functioning, serum albumin in surgery, attenuated pseudo rabies virus antigen for vaccine against rabies, tissue plasminogen activator in treatment of heart attack. Currently there are about 35 biotechnology derived therapeutics and vaccines approved by the USFDA alone for medical use, and more than 500 drugs and vaccines to reach in market


Agriculture:-biotechnology is making new ground in the food agriculture area. current public

debate about BSTC, bovine somatotropin (a hormone administered to cows to increase the milk

production).is an example of biotechnology product testing public acceptance. Food

biotechnology valuable and viable alternatives to food problems, and a solution to nutritionally

influenced disease such as diabetes, hypertension , cancer, heart diseases, arthritis etc.a

transgenic golden rice have been produced by introducing three genes for the production of

vitamin A in Taipei rice. A transgenic cotton named 'Inguard' was released in Australia which

contain bt genes which provided resistance against insects. molecular farming is a new concept

were therapeutic drugs are produced in farm animals for example therapeutics proteins secreted

in goat milk. there are about dozen of countries that produce lactoferrin., tPA, hemoglobin,

melanin, and interleukins in cows, goat and pigs. however it is not surprising that vegetables

producing vaccines insulin interferon's and growth hormones would be available in market in

21st century, beside, human clones and several other miracles.

Human genome project (HGP):-

The major landmark in human history is the human genome sequence. the HGP is an

international research development. almost the whole human genome has been sequenced and

chromosome map has been developed in various labs World wide. objectives of human genome

project are to :-construct the detail genetic and physical map of human genome, 1. determine

the complete nucleotide sequence of human DNA, 2. store information in database, 3. locate the

estimated 50,000-100,000 genes within the human genome 4. address the ethical, social, legal

issues (ELSI )that may arise from the project, 5.perform similar analysis on the genomes of

several other organisms.

Environment:-the natural biodegrability of pollutants present in environment has increased

with the use of biotechnology. the bioremediation ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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A popular example of biotechnology is the “golden rice” which involves genetic modification for the purported purpose of introducing more nutrients and vitamins, particularly Vitamin A. The genetic manipulation facilitates the production of carotenoids in the grain’s endosperm, thus giving it the yellow hue that gave rise to its name.
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