Contact Us
Sign In / Sign Up for FREE
Go to advanced search...

Health Psychology - Essay Example

Comments (0) Cite this document
Many educators of medicine now teach the biopsychosocial model over the biomedical model, claiming that it is the new evolutionary phase of the biomedical model although it has not supplanted the subsequent model as yet (Smith 2002, pg. 1525). The biopsychosocial model has helped medical providers in coming to the recognition that medicine can be viewed as a natural science…
Download full paperFile format: .doc, available for editing
GRAB THE BEST PAPER97.4% of users find it useful
Health Psychology
Read TextPreview

Extract of sample "Health Psychology"

Download file to see previous pages While the biomedical model is good in gaining a comprehension of the purely medical aspects concerning a patient's health the biopsychosocial is being found to be fundamentally imperative because it incorporates the actual mental states and physical states of the human being. For example, the biopsychosocial model introduces the emotional state, personal issues, family issues, and community issues that might have an affect on a patient's health and medical diagnosis. Therefore the acceptance of this model has stemmed from the fact that medical providers have now come to the realization that the psychological influences in an individual's life can alter the medical care and affect the patient outcome (Borrell-Correlo et al 2004, pg. 577).
2. Investigate Cultural differences in the incidence and prevalence of various diseases, such as HIV/Aids, and Cancer and of life expectancy. What factors do you believe are related to these differences.
present, many different cultures approach these based on their religious beliefs, social customs, and over all societal views of them (Martin & Kukall 1996, pg. 993). For instance with Alzheimer's disease, those with a Latino background are more apt to care for their family member at home rather than placing them in a nursing care facility. This is in comparison to how Americans often care for a relative with this medical prognosis. Australian culture follows much the same type of philosophy; with diseases such as AID's, and even Cancer having an influential factor in the life expectancy that might present itself. This is due to the fact that these two cultural bodies carry a collectivist attitude instead of an individualistic one such as Americans have. Therefore, obviously the factors that play a pertinent role in disease and how different cultures relate to it are listed as follows, religion, family bonds, social perception, personal values, societal view, and community support. This clearly shows that some cultures focus more on the psychological aspects of the medical diagnosis; more so than what the actual biological bearing is going to be.
3. What is the Placebo Affect, and why is it often important to include a placebo in health research
A placebo is simply an inactive element in medicine that has absolutely no affect
on any medical outcome. It is or can be a pill that holds no medicinal qualities, a liquid
of the same quality, or even an intravenous fluid that is used in medical studies and other
experiments to see if the patient or individual in a study perceives there to be an actual
affect. The main purpose is to test the strength of the actual drug and to compare the two
too see if the real medicine does promote improved health and destroy cells in the body
that can promote more health complications, depending upon what it is being developed
for (Hrobjartsson & Gotzsche 2001, pg. 1594).
The importance of including a placebo in medical ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
Cite this document
  • APA
  • MLA
(“Health Psychology Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 5000 words”, n.d.)
Retrieved from
(Health Psychology Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 5000 Words)
“Health Psychology Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 5000 Words”, n.d.
  • Cited: 0 times
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment or rate a document


Health psychology

...?Running head: Health psychology Health Psychology Health Psychology Background to the problem Diabetes is one of the most prevalent diseases afflicting the general population. It is the more common type of diabetes and it is one of the most persistent issues in health care. It is a chronic disease characterised by high levels of glucose in the blood. It has various causes, and one of these causes is obesity which is in turn caused by limited activity and unhealthy eating habits. This is the case of Andrea, a 35 year old project manager from Glasgow who was recently diagnosed with Type 2 diabetes mellitus. She is overweight, which is likely to be the contributing factor to her obesity. She is being regularly seen by her GP for monitoring...
12 Pages(3000 words)Essay

Health psychology

...? Health Psychology Introduction Health is a crucial component of human life; in this regard, it is crucial tohave an understanding of the various concepts that relate to human health. This paper will discuss the two definitions of health and illness, as well as explain the bio-psychosocial model of health. Moreover, the paper will explain the theories of self-efficacy and Locus of control. The paper will also discuss the gate-control theory, pattern theory, as well as specificity theory of pain. The paper will also discuss the factors influencing stress levels; in this section, the paper will define and explain two definitions of stress. The paper will also discuss the short term and the long term effects of stress on an individual...
5 Pages(1250 words)Essay

Health Psychology

...?Health Psychology Clinical Problem- HIV: It is an undeniable reality that people living with HIV Aids suffer from a variety of drastic psychologicalproblems which is why supporting them in the most appropriate manner possible is mandatory. Psychological support for these people is minimal even in the present modern times with many sentenced to lifetime imprisonment in small cells by their own family members especially in the developing world where even discussing these highly stigmatized issues is considered taboo. Even where awareness programs are conducted on a large scale by social workers and psychologists, the common public still lacks sufficient knowledge as to how to fulfill myriad psychological needs of these physically...
8 Pages(2000 words)Essay

Health psychology "soundness of body or mind; that condition in which its function are duly and efficiently discharged". Field of Health psychology: Health psychology is the application of psychological theory and research to health, illness and health care, which deals with individual behavior in the social context. Psychosocial aspects and determinants are kept in consideration to understand the human behavior. It also tries to understand and promote behavioral changes. One basic assumption in health psychology is that to change people's behavior-at least through health promotion...
10 Pages(2500 words)Essay

Health Psychology

through the use of a certain medium. Communication may be done in a conscious or in a subconscious level and either intentionally or unintentionally. This process requires a vast range of skills such as speaking, observing, questioning, analyzing, and evaluating (Barnlund, 1968).
Several models have been made regarding communication. One of these models is the Shannon and Weaver’s model or the Transmission Model of Communication. The following flowchart shows the basic premise of the model and its flow of communication.
The information source produces the message and is then encoded into signals for message transmission. The channel is the media through which the message is sent. Through the process of message sending, som...
12 Pages(3000 words)Essay

Health Psychology

...prevention. This matter falls under the area of Health Psychology. This course has defined Health Psychology as “a branch of psychology that deals with how people cope and manage illness and health behaviour” (Course Notes, Psy 4101).. The person responsible for this is called a health psychologist. He is not a medical doctor but his field of expertise lies more on psychology and how to help people manage a healthier life. I also realized that health psychologists belong to a bigger group of psychologists that do research and development in this specialized field. This, I learned...
19 Pages(4750 words)Essay

Health Psychology

...Health Psychology Understanding and Improving Personal Health While it is important to study the way people respond to issues relating to health in general, and the ways in which the overall health conditions can be enhanced for all individuals; it is equally important to understand the value of the different domains of health for a single individual. Knowledge about one’s own possible areas of concern is useful in identifying and responding to any issues as they come up, as well as to take preventive action such that one’s overall health is enhanced. After having completed and scored the test, I found that my lowest scores were in the domains of: Spiritual & Psychological Health Fitness The score for fitness was the lowest at 31 out...
2 Pages(500 words)Essay

Health psychology

...Topic: Health Psychology Project Identify and explain two definitions of health and illness (300 words). Include Lau (1995) six dimensions of illness (please dont forget to include this definition) Include another definition of health illness as well. According to world health organization health is the state which one is stable, he is thinking upright and is undergoing his day to day activities normally. This normally behavior attribute to one being healthy for instance , the ability of a child to play vigorously and run the all day and eats normal then its considered to be health. Health can also be defined as believe of person about normalcy. One can believe he is healthy or unhealthy due to a minor cut (Snooks, 2009, p. 43). World...
2 Pages(500 words)Assignment

Health Psychology

...Many scientific models and theories of health have been developed by researchers for treatment of mental and physical fitness over the years. In health psychology, health is defined by distinct models – two of which are the biomedical model and the biopsychosocial model, both of which look at health from a different perspective. In this paper, we shall discuss these models, bringing to light their pros and cons and comparing them with each other. Biomedical model of health The biomedical model, which was introduced in the 19th century, is based on the concept that every disease is caused by a physical harm. According to this model, every illness is the result of abnormal bodily processes such as biochemical disorders or neurophysiologic...
1 Pages(250 words)Article

Health Psychology

...HEALTH PSYCHOLOGY It is the study of behavioral and psychological processes in healthcare, health and illness. Health, on the other hand, can be defined as the level of metabolic efficiency in a living organism. It is also the general condition of an individual’s body and mind, which means he or she is free from pain, illness or injury. The World Health Organization, in a broader sense in 1946 defined health as “a state of complete physical, mental and social well-being and not merely the absence of disease or infirmity.” Health psychology can be described in different perspectives. On the current perspective, WHO defines health as the condition of being in a good state with physical, cultural, economic and spiritual attributes (Cherry...
2 Pages(500 words)Essay

The Speciality of Colonial Heights Health Care

Colonial Heights Health care and rehabilitation center provides interdisciplinary support for the medical and physical needs of the patient with sickness and injury. They include neurological events, orthopedic surgery, oncology care, and general surgery. Other medical services comprise IV Infusion Therapy, specialised Alzheimer’s care, tracheotomy care, wound care management, rehabilitative nursing, occupational and speech therapy, etc. Respite care of the hospital provides clinical, psychological and emotional assistance through caregivers for patients who require additional support. Social Services of the health care center include volunteer programs, café dining, special outing, family gatherings, social service c...
12 Pages(3000 words)Assignment

Physiological Factors While Dealing With Health Issues

The body’s metabolism includes all the physiological processes in the body. Enzymes serve as catalysts to biochemical reactions that form a part of metabolism. The two distinct chemical phases of metabolism are anabolism and catabolism. Anabolism consists of building up carbohydrates, proteins, fats and nucleic acids from simple molecules, through the use of energy. Anabolism is responsible for processes such as growth, repair, and reproduction. On the other hand, catabolism is the process by which large complex molecules are broken down into smaller, simple molecules, with the release of energy. Metabolic processes are carried out by the cell organelles, each organelle has a distinct and crucial function. Every animal cell...
12 Pages(3000 words)Report

National Health Service Human Resource Planning

There are about 1500 primary care dentists who are working on a salaried basis with the NHS, in most cases employed by primary care trusts. This group of individuals was a part of the local government earlier but in 1974, they were transferred into the NHS. (Personnel Today, 2007). Starting from the year 1997 onwards, the U.K. Department for Education and Employment had allowed for additional funding of $7.2 million to ensure that medical schools are able to pay clinical academia staff the awards that have been recommended for doctors and dentists in the NHS, by the Doctors and Dentists Review Body (Beecham, 1996). This move was initiated to introduce pay parity because university employers found it difficult to pay the 3.8% incre...
14 Pages(3500 words)Term Paper

Decision Making in Health and Social Care

Consumer sovereignty principle illustrates the fact that in a free market economy the consumer is free to consume what he wants. However, the consumer’s sovereignty does not have meaning if he/she is unable to buy what he/she wants. This paradox is solved through government intervention in the provision of those merit goods such as health care and education. On the other hand, agency theory indicates that conflicts between principals (e.g. shareholders or owners) and agents (e.g. managers) occur as a result of the latter misrepresenting facts and misinterpreting information so that resources can be diverted to uses which they regard as more lucrative. Since principals cannot themselves carry out the task of managing the busi...
8 Pages(2000 words)Case Study

The Relationship Between Security, Risk and Health in a Large Organisation

...The relationship between Security & Risk and Health & Safety in a large organisation "Assess the relationship between Security & Risk and Health & Safety in the context of a large organisation. Are they complimentary or the demands of one conflict with or inhibit the realisation of the other? Identify and discuss the implications of your assessment for the roles of the security manager". 1. Introduction The development of commercial activities worldwide has been extremely rapid; firms operating in various industrial sectors need to confront a series of challenges in order to ensure the limitation of risk related with their strategic initiatives. Within this context, the issues of security, risk, health and safety are very likely to appear...
9 Pages(2250 words)Coursework

Indigenous Community Health in Central Queensland-Australia

Though present in many regions of Australia, New South Wales, and Queensland make up for the largest concentrations of the indigenous population. A larger percentage of this population inhabit rural and remote areas. The median age of this indigenous population is 21 years, which is much lower than the non-indigenous population at 37 years. High fertility rates and low life spans in the indigenous community are believed to be the cause of this disparity in median age. Unemployment and low earnings are characteristic differences in the indigenous population and the non-indigenous population. The unemployment rate of the indigenous population is threefold that of the non-indigenous population. The average weekly income of the indige...
6 Pages(1500 words)Coursework

Forensic Mental Health

In contemporary society, we do have a moral obligation to treat everyone who enters the criminal justice system fairly. However, there are two aspects of this argument that seem to be developing. On the other hand, someone who does not have control of themselves because of mental illness may need to be seen differently than what has been set for "normal" criminals. The literature points in both directions and this can be a difficult call when people are actually entering the system.

In the current literature, the current criminal justice system has specific ideas of what should be done when an individual commits a crime. As an example, Carvan (1999) poses a question in a case study that is pertinent to the shit study. I...
10 Pages(2500 words)Coursework

Health Benefits of Meditation

The techniques of yoga have been demonstrated to be effective in maintaining a healthy balance between the body and the mind. As such, yoga corrects any defects in the human body (Javnbakht, Kenari and Ghasemi 102).

There are four types of yoga, namely Bhakti yoga, Karma Yoga, Gyana yoga, and Ashtanga yoga. However, all these varieties of yoga aim to provide individuals with the ability to manage and develop the health of the body and the mind. Yoga diminishes stress and its associated disorders. Several studies in this area, have suggested that yoga is an efficient system to address stress-related disorders (Javnbakht, Kenari and Ghasemi 102).

The practice of Asanas has an interrelated effect on the various...
10 Pages(2500 words)Thesis

The Interprofessional Practice and the Health Care System

This is also the position Stone (2007) takes in the quote under discussion.
Furthermore, Stone goes on to declare that Australia has been very slow to implement this practice as compared with other countries and government agencies. One of the primary reasons is that the public policy system in Australia is quite complex and the decision-makers have not come into agreement on where to place it in the policy matrix. This leaves Interprofessional Practice and Education in the dark (or the cold) as far as strategic planning for implementation as well as placing itself within the funding cycles of the government disbursements. (Stone, 2007)
Policies are created in order to put in place how politicians and government official...
6 Pages(1500 words)Assignment

Lack of Health Insurance for the Mentally Ill

Worse, because the family sometimes cannot afford to cover their medical expenses, these mentally ill patients end up with no medical care at all; they are forced to suffer the debilitating symptoms of their mental illness and to be subjected to worsening mental and general health conditions.
This paper shall discuss the lack of insurance among mentally ill patients. It shall first describe the mental health issue and the student’s position on such an issue. This paper shall also explain why this position is important and the relevance of the position to nursing practice, the mentally ill, and society. The rationale of this position shall be clearly explained and two factors that contribute to this issue shall be identi...
8 Pages(2000 words)Assignment
sponsored ads
We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.

Let us find you another Essay on topic Health Psychology for FREE!

Contact Us