Summary to essay on topic "Outline some of the key legislative developments in criminal justice within the last two decades"
Criminal justice in any mature society always involves a balance of two competing interests: the need to protect the rights of the accused, and the need to combat crime and instill peace and order in society. "Legally, a crime is any act or omission proscribed by the criminal law and thus punishable by the state through the criminal justice system" (Davies, Croall and Tyrer, 2005) Legal systems in the civilized world - whether in civil or common law jurisdictions - have, at least in theory, given primacy to the rights of the accused, understanding that ambiguity should be resolved in his or her favor…
Download file "Outline some of the key legislative developments in criminal justice within the last two decades" to see previous pages...
An oft-heard justification is that you cannot treat hardened criminals with kid gloves or you will be perpetrating crime even further. But this argument has no regard for the fact that even hardened criminals are covered by the human rights guarantees in the Constitution and in human rights conventions. Let us write or edit the essay on your topic "Outline some of the key legislative developments in criminal justice within the last two decades" with a personal 20% discount.. Try it now Human rights are inalienable and imprescriptible, and they apply to everyone.
On the other hand, the desire to preserve society and prevent crime is equally valid. It would seem that society has been ill-equipped to come up with answers and solutions to address it definitively (Norrie, 1996). It is imperative however to disabuse oneself of the simplistic approach that is often used when analyzing crime rates. Many are wont to believe that a rise in crime rates signifies a social problem, and a decrease is something to be lauded. In fact, a rise in recorded crime rates could actually mean better police efficiency, a willingness of the victims to come forward, and a desire by society as a whole to condemn criminals. The significance of making this initial assertion is explained by Matthews (1995) as follows:
Making this point at the outset is important for two reasons: First it helps to free us from the disarming grip of pessimism that is often associated with the assertion that increases in crime and inevitable and undesirable. Second, it reminds us that crime is a social construct and is the outcome of a complex process of action and reaction. Crime is reducible neither to an act or to a biography. Rather it is a process that requires both an offender and a victim - direct or indirect - to interact within a milieu of formal and informal constraints.
The parliament is vested with the power to create laws that have coercive effect. It is essentially in their province to come up with regulations to maintain order and peaceful conduct in the society, while ensuring that a human rights framework is always in place. Over the past two decades, there has been a steady stream of legislation, marking the evolution of Criminal Justice as it is known in the present time. Indeed, the constant changes in the Criminal Justice Act reflects the constantly changing public mindsets on crime and its concomitant issues.
The Criminal Justice Act of 1991 was introduced to reflect the notion of "just deserts", It also provided for some protections for the accused, in particular, a provision stating that past offenses should not be taken into consideration when sentencing a felon, except in certain circumstances. However, some feel that in practice, proportionality gives rise to many problems and within six months of being in force, the CJA 1991 was already being undermined. (Hudson, 1994). There are also those who perceive the XJA 1991 as a case of government valuing efficiency over democracy (Lacey, 1994). Said Windlesham (date): "Of all the lessons to be drawn the first is the way in which so many of the provisions which found their way into law derived from the perceived demands of local, sectional or national public opinion rather than from practical experience or
...Download file "Outline some of the key legislative developments in criminal justice within the last two decades" to see next pagesRead More
Cite this document "Outline some of the key legislative developments in criminal justice within the last two decades"
(“Outline some of the key legislative developments in criminal justice Essay”, n.d.)
Outline some of the key legislative developments in criminal justice Essay. Retrieved from https://studentshare.org/miscellaneous/1500663-outline-some-of-the-key-legislative-developments-in-criminal-justice-within-the-last-two-decades
(Outline Some of the Key Legislative Developments in Criminal Justice Essay)
Outline Some of the Key Legislative Developments in Criminal Justice Essay. https://studentshare.org/miscellaneous/1500663-outline-some-of-the-key-legislative-developments-in-criminal-justice-within-the-last-two-decades.
“Outline Some of the Key Legislative Developments in Criminal Justice Essay”, n.d. https://studentshare.org/miscellaneous/1500663-outline-some-of-the-key-legislative-developments-in-criminal-justice-within-the-last-two-decades.
Cited: 0 times
CHECK THESE SAMPLES - THEY ALSO FIT YOUR TOPIC "Outline some of the key legislative developments in criminal justice within the last two decades"
The research centers on the criminal justice organization’s bureaucracy. Overall, the criminal justice organization effectively and efficiently implements the entire spectrum of criminal justice. In addition, bureaucracy maximizes the criminal justice organization’s efficiency. However, the line and staff organization reduces flexibility
The three main components of a criminal justice system include police, lawyers, and judges. Criminal justice system plays a significant role in reducing the occurrence of crimes and establishing peace in a country. Let us now discuss the concepts of disparity and discrimination in order to find out their relationship with the criminal justice system.
Currently, the dynamics of labour markets and fluctuating economies have jolted education policy makers to rethink about the curriculum with an objective of enhancing adaptability of the graduates in the labour market, which is characterised by increasing levels of unemployment.
Sentencing within the criminal justice system serves a number of purposes. First, it serves to punish offenders. It does this by depriving offenders of liberty, property, other rights and freedoms. Secondly, sentencing serves to reduce crime. Third, sentencing allows reparation to the victims of an offense or those otherwise harmed by an offense.
be - and is - of the utmost importance. It is also clear that there is a strong will to move forward on these issues, and that with the processes that are being setup for this very issue, that we will be able to drive improvements in regards to the quality and local management both internally, in terms of employment and externally, in terms of service delivery and other key related issues.
Accordingly, the globalisation phenomenon has led to the internationalisation of knowledge, goods and people across international borders. While it is easy to think of globalisation in purely economic terms, this phenomenon has also set the
This research will begin with the statement that globalization has led to integrated and interdependent economic economy that has led to increased interdependence among national economies and institutions. Globalisation has been facilitated by the rapid technological advancements, reduction in the barriers to goods and investment flows between nations.
With the spread and improvement of technology, the risk of cyber bullying is greater than it was before the digital age. Consequently, in England and Wales, The Education Act 2002 places a responsibility on school managements to encourage
2 Pages(500 words)Outline
GOT A TRICKY QUESTION? RECEIVE AN ANSWER FROM STUDENTS LIKE YOU!
Save Your Time for More Important Things
Let us write or edit the essay on your topic
"Outline some of the key legislative developments in criminal justice within the last two decades"
with a personal 20% discount.