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Management (forms of organizations) - Essay Example

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Management entails organizing, planning, coordinating and controlling in an organization, this is according to Fayol (1916), and according to Mintzerberg a manager is that person who is in charge of an organization, who is a reflective systematic planner. Mintzberg analyzed four forms of organizations and they include machine bureaucracy whose coordination is through standardized procedures and output, professional organizations coordinated through standardized professional skills, entrepreneurial organizations which are controlled through direct supervision and finally the adhocracy controlled by teams.
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Management (forms of organizations)
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Download file to see previous pages The decisional role is a formal role to the manager, it entails the following roles: the entrepreneur role in which the manager makes decision that help an organization to adopt to changing environment, Disturbance handling role which involves a response to pressure, the negotiation role and lastly the resource allocation role which involves resource allocation decisions.
According to Robert Reich (1991), he says that today workers skills are based on manipulation of data to add value to products or services; he outlined four fundamental skills which include the ability for abstract thinking and conceptualization, collaboration, systems thinking and experimentation.
Managerial skills include skills that motivate workers, skills to carry out negotiations, conflict resolution skills, skills to develop relationships, information management skills, decision making skills, resource allocation skills, role playing skills and also entrepreneurial skills that encourage innovations. Other skills would include being reliable and responsible, addressing his work in an organizational way, paying attention, communication with subordinates and other people in the organization, setting realistic goals in the organization, having a supportive attitude and forming positive relationships.
Are managers job universal:
Organizations have changed over time from the industrial age to the current information change, during the industrialization age of early 20th century there was a clear hierarchical structure of organizations, clear career paths and stable employment patterns. It is evident that management is globally the same in all countries despite some differences, the 1990s recession led to a reduction in the number of workers and restructuring their organizational structures, in many countries due to a recession i.e.: Japan, Germany, Australia and US. This down sizing led to a reduction in salary expenditures which in turn resulted to increased organizational productivity.
Other changes that have occurred in organizational structure is the mega mergers, this include the merging of two or more organization to form one organization, example Exxon and mobile oil companies, Time Warner and AOL company. This change can only occur if the two organizations are of the same type or deal in the same product. The introduction of semi permanent employment has been adopted by many organizations; according to a study by William Bridge he noted that US temporary employees were more than permanent employees in IBM or General Motors.
Manager in some organizations do not work in their offices an example is the regional manager ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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