We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.
Nobody downloaded yet

The Africa of 1960: Social Fragmentation and Economic Disruption - Essay Example

Comments (0)
Harsh realities, occasioned by historical truths, have often dampened the fondest wishes of Africans. While academics and governments today talk of debt relief for African nations, the year of 1960 was little different in terms of attempting to revitalize a continent facing economic crises, social fragmentation, and administrative decay…
Download full paper

Extract of sample
The Africa of 1960: Social Fragmentation and Economic Disruption

Download file to see previous pages... This essay will begin with a brief social and economic description of Africa in 1960 before attempting to identify what role certain events in Africa's history played in creating the conditions of Africa in 1960.
As an initial matter, when describing Africa in terms of its social and economic structures at the time, it is important to note that there were many inherited philosophies and organisational mechanisms. Independence did not eliminate the influence of so many years of colonial domination; quite the contrary, traditional notions of social organisation and economic ideology had been forgotten to some extant and replaced by the foreign preferences and behaviors. From the point of view of social organisation, for instance, clan-like allegiances had been replaced, in part, by ideological and religious allegiances (Routes to Independence, 2003: np). Both political and social leaders, as well as aspirants for power, rallied around philosophical platforms based upon capitalism or Marxism. Granted independence, social groups began to align themselves with leaders devoted to a sort of African self-determination based upon ideas borrowed from the Soviet Union at the expense of those previously implemented by the colonialists. Moreover, these ideas were often promulgated by military leaders of the period. Social and political legitimacy rested with heroes of the revolutionary struggle. These so-called heroes were often poorly educated, the product of violent struggle, and hardly disposed to perpetuate the forms of social organization previously championed by the colonial powers. In short, from a social point of view, the contradictions of the year 1960 are all too clear in hindsight. Traditional forms of social organization had been replaced by inherited structures and a new governing elite was advocating Marxist principles in conflict with existing social realities. In this way, Africa can best be described as having been in an impossible position socially. Immediate and violent struggles ought to have been predictable.
This had significant effects on the economy of Africa. There has never been any question that the African continent is rich in natural resources; to be sure, countries remain keen to gain access to these resources even today. In 1960, however, the inherited economic structures were based upon imperialism and the colonialists' notions of free trade. There was an underlying philosophy of private entrepreneurship and free markets. The conflict arose because Africa development at the time was being equated with state development. Natural resources became the province of the state, the states were increasingly of the opinion that these resources were necessary to stave off enemies both domestic and international, and corruption and violence were used by competing state factions to secure these resources. The Africa of 1960, in short, had in place the economic structures necessary to participate meaningfully in international economic circles; instead, the leaders chose to withdraw and to nationalize industries and resources. Again, just as social organizations were fragmented, the economies of African nations were similarly disrupted and fragmented. If some considered 1960 to be a year of ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment
Climate Disruption
The researcher of this study will attempt to evaluate and present the Evidence Regarding Climate Change. The scientific consensus is that the cause of climate change is due to an increase in greenhouse gases. There are a variety of studies which support this claim demonstrated in this research.
11 Pages(2750 words)Term Paper
Review of the Economic Development Theories in Africa
This paper focuses on the development processes in three African countries, Libya, Ethiopia and Kenya, and aims to establish what models of development are implemented in each country and the results of their appliance. It was established in the essay, that the four theories of development greatly vary from one developing country to another.
10 Pages(2500 words)Essay
Globalisation and Fragmentation
In essence, some of the greatest challenges of this age are a consequence of the search for other simplicities in life. Globalisation has taken proper form across the world and it certainly seems that the sense of interrelations and interconnectedness is the only way forward given a more challenging global world.
3 Pages(750 words)Essay
Global Economic crisis and sub-Saharan Africa
As a result of globalization the economic indicators in Sub-Saharan region too have been dependent on cues from US markets. The root cause of the global economic crisis trends can be traced to the borrowings on easy terms by the banks and financial institutions which gradually translated into the mortgage crisis and then started the trend of failure of banks.
4 Pages(1000 words)Essay
Nationalism and imperialism in British africa 1850-1960
The history of anti-colonial struggles is often divided into what is called "primary resistance" and "secondary resistance". The first are the struggles of African political communities against colonial invasions and incursions. The second are movements of anti-colonial liberation that developed within the colonial context.
6 Pages(1500 words)Essay
uld be considered like that operating system, hardware, following a number of (inter)national quality standards, protocols, need to minimize error tempted in transmissions to a number of degree and need to stop one packet from holding the communication channel for a long
2 Pages(500 words)Essay
Social and Economic Development
issues of market forces that affects their development, land rent and land use, spatial aspect of poverty and housing, the local government expenditures and taxes, transportation, education and crime prevention. These issues are the major guidelines that any urban planner must
1 Pages(250 words)Essay
The end of the cold war resulted in a lot of changes in Africa. The reason behind this is because Africa was no longer of interest since fears of whether it would fall into the United States of America’s
2 Pages(500 words)Essay
Social and Economic Inequality
Social and Economic Inequality: two words that describe the social status of a person. In our society, a person earning more is placed in an upper class whereas those earning less are to be placed in an inferior class of the society. Income inequality has always been a topic of focus for political scientists, sociologists, economist.
6 Pages(1500 words)Essay
Economic and Political Motives for European Expansion into Africa
There was an emergence of the industrial revolution in Europe that led to the demand for raw materials. Industrial revolution relies on money resources, natural resources, and human resources. Europe had the labor and, therefore, generated efficient funds for the European traders, which was essential for the funding of the industrial revolution.
2 Pages(500 words)Essay
Let us find you another Essay on topic The Africa of 1960: Social Fragmentation and Economic Disruption for FREE!
Contact us:
Contact Us Now
FREE Mobile Apps:
  • About StudentShare
  • Testimonials
  • FAQ
  • Blog
  • Free Essays
  • New Essays
  • Essays
  • The Newest Essay Topics
  • Index samples by all dates
Join us:
Contact Us