Contact Us
Sign In / Sign Up for FREE
Go to advanced search...

The concept of 'Xeno-racism' in the context of the 'war against terror' - Essay Example

Comments (0) Cite this document
Although racism based on skin color still exists, xeno-racism is more prevalent in Western countries, because it is used by governments and peoples as a legitimate and acceptable basis upon which to discriminate against a foreign people…
Download full paperFile format: .doc, available for editing
GRAB THE BEST PAPER97.4% of users find it useful
The concept of Xeno-racism in the context of the war against terror
Read TextPreview

Extract of sample "The concept of 'Xeno-racism' in the context of the 'war against terror'"

Download file to see previous pages Unfortunately, human beings also have the tendency to see change as the enemy, as a threat to their identity and their survival, and they rail against it. With the twenty-first century, the world has witnessed a rise in fear on all sides of the globe, one that pits humans against humans, country against country, and religion against religion. From a NATO perspective, the Cold War has given way to the War on Terror. Today, developed countries fear terrorist attacks from Islamic fundamentalists, while many in the Middle East fear amoral, mindless consumerism and even bellicose, forcible take-overs spawned from developed countries.
So it is the same old story that has been told and retold for centuries. It is the same story, reframed in new terms, using new verbiage, yet the message and meaning are the same. Yesterday's racism becomes today's supposedly "legitimate" concerns about the financial liability of the poor immigrant, the unpredictability and potential danger of the deranged religious fanatics, and the threat of pervasive immorality. Although this is a multi-faceted and complex issue, for the purposes of this paper, the Western xeno-racist perspective will be defined and addressed in the context of the war on terror, and its usage as a basis for justification for xeno-racist policies on the part of Western governments, especially in regard to Muslim people, will be analysed.
At the heart of racism lie the instinctive fears and desires of human beings. Whatever excuses people might use to explain their racist remarks and attitudes, the crux of the matter is that they fear that a foreign people coming into their land might somehow threaten their survival. This fear is intensified by the basic human desire to create order, which is projected into national identities and societal structures. These structures and identities are threatened by change, represented by the foreigner. Furthermore, these self-definitions are maintained by the ability of people to define themselves as different and distinct from "the other", the stranger. When these strangers desire to move across national borders or otherwise impact a country and its people, fear is often the result. It is the fear of change, the threat to national identity, and the potential fear of being overtaken by the foreigners that drives people to reject immigrants and to deny them entrance2.
Science has proven that there is no such thing as multiple races, yet the belief in race persists. "Race", being a social construct, "has no inherent or fixed meaning. What "race" is emerges within specific historical, economic, and political situations and is whatever racists have the social power to define it as. It is an open-ended political category constituted out of struggle3. Indeed, it is one of the great ironies of modern life that while race is a complete fiction, it continues to drive social structure and political action4. Furthermore, although it is no longer socially acceptable to be outright racist, claiming that a person of a certain color or country of origin is automatically inferior, human beings have not altogether discarded the boundaries they have built around themselves. Likewise, it is no longer considered rational to be afraid of a stranger simply because they are unknown, a condition referred to as xenophobia, and yet the human fear of the other and the human desire to create national identity and order has not succumbed to science and rationality so easily. So, in the place of xenophobia and ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
Cite this document
  • APA
  • MLA
(“The concept of 'Xeno-racism' in the context of the 'war against Essay”, n.d.)
Retrieved from
(The Concept of 'Xeno-racism' in the Context of the 'War Against Essay)
“The Concept of 'Xeno-racism' in the Context of the 'War Against Essay”, n.d.
  • Cited: 0 times
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment or rate a document

CHECK THESE SAMPLES OF The concept of 'Xeno-racism' in the context of the 'war against terror'

The War on Terror

...?Blackboard Discussion It has been argued that 9/11 terrorist attacks gave impetus to what we call the "War on Terror." To what extent this US-ledcampaign against global terrorism would reflect the "opportunity and willingness" of president Obama to invest more resources from his "menu" of choices available? The “War on Terror” is a blanket cause that allows the United States to intervene on any activities it considers to be terrorism. The war is fighting a faceless enemy, therefore it could be anyone. President Obama has chosen to withdrawal troops as well as focus on humanitarian aid. What started out as the liberation of Iraq from Sadaam Hussein has developed into the United States being a peace keeping force in the Middle East...
2 Pages(500 words)Essay

War on Terror

...? Section/# The following analysis seeks to engage the reader with two specific understandings. The firstof these is with respect to the personal and professional motivations that encouraged this author to join the Marine Corps and stand on the front lines of protecting the United States, its people, and its way of life. Likewise, the second discusses the way in which the recent War on Terror has unfolded and the manner through which this struggle continues to redefine the approach that should be utilized in seeking to ameliorate this real and existent threat. Through both of these discussions, a determination of the importance of the individual’s response to the needs and dangers of the current era can clearly be denoted. War on Terror...
6 Pages(1500 words)Research Paper

War Against Terror

... on a series of structured brainstorming sessions that began shortly after the terrorist attacks of September 11, 2001, supplemented by selective research and updates (Ronczkowski, 2004, p. 2) or based on London bombings we are still struggling with defining, dealing with, and addressing terrorism and the roles of officials and agencies in combating terrorism. What have we gained so far Terrorism is there; War on terrorism is going on; we have not gained security against terrorism but a social and moral fear because of politics and legal concerns. Such concerns have emerged a new fear and panic within us. On the other hand the field of terrorism in the context of research or military arenas has revealed that there is a lack of awareness...
6 Pages(1500 words)Essay

War on Terror

... Ever since the terrorist attacks of September 11th, 2001, Americans have viewed terrorism with a more heightened sense of awareness than ever before. Terrorism is not exactly something new to America, as attacks by various groups have been carried out for last four decades, but the events of September 11th changed the country in many ways. As most Americans are aware, the American strategy to conquer terrorism has been to take the fight overseas, to the Middle East, specifically Afghanistan and Iraq; the results of these conquests have been mixed, with some positive results and some negative. One of the most negative instances of the “War on Terror” occurred at Abu Ghraib prison in Iraq, as the reader finds out in John Barry, Mark...
3 Pages(750 words)Essay

The War on Terror

...Even though many would revert to the Machiavellian argument of ends justifying means, it is becoming increasingly difficult to defend the curtailment of human rights in the name of the War on Terror. Western governments such as the United States and the United Kingdom have been, ever since the events of 9/11, gradually undermining the very foundations of the human rights doctrine which they historically espoused. Indeed, as this essay will argue, the counter-terrorism measures which both these countries adopted in the wake of September 11th constitute a direct violation of the very principles of human rights and, accordingly, are solid grounds for concern. The United States and the United Kingdom have been the two countries most...
8 Pages(2000 words)Case Study

Global War on Terror

War on Terror [Pick the The work takes into consideration the various aspects of war that started post 9/11, and literally changed the lives of millions of people residing in countries affected by war. Although a number of nations across the world joined the war for different reasons, yet the main role was played by the US which functioned as the main sponsor of the war. Due to this key position in the war scenario, the magnitude of losses, as compared to other participating nations of the world, was far greater for the US.
The writer is of the opinion that the outcomes of war are not quite encouraging and there is a need to learn from the mistakes that were made during this war. First and foremost is the realization that this...
1 Pages(250 words)Case Study

The Concept of a Mongolian Restaurant Business

The fact that it gives customers a variety of fresh food ingredients to choose from made the business very attractive to customers.
For this study, a brief overview with regards to a Mongolian restaurant business will be provided followed by discussing the concept and the primary purpose of a business plan. Eventually, the importance of using a business plan in starting a new Mongolian restaurant will be discussed.
In the process of discussing the importance of a business plan, the role of a business plan with regards to the success of a restaurant will be highlighted. Aiming to project the student’s understanding of the subject matter, the point of discussion will include: (1) selecting a good location and the ren...
9 Pages(2250 words)Term Paper

The Experiences of Boys and Girls in the Context of a Romantic Relationship

...Relationships and Connections of Variables in the Research Study The literature offers a myriad of information yielded by various researches on humanrelationships. Concepts on a wide spectrum from physiological responses to romantic relationships, emotions that are manifested during romances, social implications or consequences of engaging in romantic relationships, and perceptions and viewpoints that are attempted to explain some phenomena related to romance. Studies on romance include the studies of social scientists who unearthed evidence of physiological responses manifested by heightened hormones in new romances (ex. the researches of Dr. Donatella Marazitti (Kahn, 2004) and Helen Fisher (Fisher, 2004). Adolescents, who usually...
17 Pages(4250 words)Case Study

Analysis of Offences Against the Person Act

She suffered sleeplessness and panic attacks after this and was diagnosed with reactive depression. She told her brother, Ian, who saw Boris in the local pub and threw his beer glass into Boris’s face. The glass broke and Boris lost the sight in one eye as a result. Explain what non-fatal offences may have been committed here. It is also necessary to consider the Sexual Offences Act 2003 as the act of the hypnotist could be regarded as a sexual1.

The most minor assault is common assault as described by s39 Criminal Justice Act 1988. Under s39 an assault is committed if a person assaults another or commits a battery. An assault has been defined as when a person intentionally or recklessly causes another to app...
6 Pages(1500 words)Case Study

Evolution of the Concept of Childhood

Philosophers, psychologists and educationists have attempted to approach and analyse the issues of childhood from either their socio-cultural perspectives or from their respective disciplines (Richards & Light, 1986; Burman, 1994a; Woodhead, 1999). A look at the theories suggests that the concept of childhood and the position of children has evolved down the ages into a child or childhood-centric view. In the research works of both Elizabeth Coates from the discipline of Education and Wataru Takei from Psychology, the child-centric model of research is apparent. This aspect of their research has not only made it interesting but at the same time palpable.
Coates’ research on children and their learning response in an...
6 Pages(1500 words)Case Study

Culture's Portrayal of the Vietnam War - A Criticism Misdirected

Most of the popular culture images were highly critical of the war and painted the US forces as brutal intruders into an otherwise peaceful and innocent jungle scene. From the viewpoint of the popular culture, its images and art, everybody had a scene to play and everybody got it wrong. The lowly buck private was no less responsible than the Commander in Chief, and the Pentagon shared equal guilt with the Military-Industrial Complex. Was the criticism legitimate? From the viewpoint of the actors, agents, and citizens that filled these roles, the medias criticism of the war and their grim portrayal of the times, was an exaggerated stretch of reality that forever tarnished the reputation of an entire generation.

It was ea...
7 Pages(1750 words)Assignment

The Origins of the Second World War

The accord at present is that it was Hitler's resolve to change the basis of European society that took the war to Europe in 1939. It was not essentially the war he was planning for; the facts propose that Hitler was intending to set up Germany for a huge conflict with Russia in the early 1940s. However, indisputably it was a war forced by his persistent pursuit of strategies that stood on race and on space (Henig, 1997).

The Second World War was originated due to the Fascist attack and the failure of democratic powers to prevent this assault. There seem to be a number of reasons for the Second World War to occur. German rearmament started after Hitler left 1932-34 Geneva Disarmament Conference, declaring that as the po...
7 Pages(1750 words)Article

Intelligence and the War on Drugs

When the Ronald Reagan Administration initiated its famous War on Drugs program in the 1980s with the catchy slogan “Just Say No”, the focus of the program was not exclusively Mexico. At that time, different pockets of Latin America posed threats of varying degrees, including Columbia and Brazil. But due to its proximity to the United States, and the increase in demand for cocaine and marijuana, Mexico has emerged as the greatest threat in recent decades. Compounding the problem of drug trafficking is the internal political chaos in Mexico. The Mexican governments of past and present have tried various methods and tactics for bringing the drug cartels under control but to no avail. It is a reflection of the governments...
7 Pages(1750 words)Assignment

The Geography of War and Peace

For him, the various civilizations differ from each other in terms of their history, language, culture, tradition and religion plays a dominant role in the clash of civilizations. These differences are most likely to cause conflicts among various civilizations and have generated “the most prolonged and the most violent conflicts” the world has ever seen (Huntington 160).

Said (2001), on the other hand, repudiates Huntington’s views on the clash of civilizations; he purports that Huntington failed to see the ‘internal dynamics and plurality of every civilization’ and that Huntington’s views on civilization and the west-Islam conflict stem from ‘downright ignorance’. Said is...
10 Pages(2500 words)Assignment

Racism in America: Asian Americans

The first aspect that we are going to discuss is undeserved impoverishment and enrichment. Ten of the U.S. presidents enslaved black people at some point in their lives. American history is full of politicians including George Washington who enslaved African Americans (Feagin 14). These tyrants viewed the black Americans as weak, inferior and collapsed and believed that only blacks deserved to be enslaved. Therefore it would not be false if we say that American slavery was racial. The blacks had no freedom at all in that society and were treated worse than horses. If a black American ran from the master, the other people would bring him back to the master and the master would punish the slave and brutalize him. The women slaves we...
10 Pages(2500 words)Assignment

The Concept of Karma in Pure Land and Zen Buddhism

Additionally, the views regarding the concept in different cultures outside Buddhism are also included.
The concept of karma can be considered fundamental in the Buddhist religion. It is related to morality and the manner of behavior of the Buddhists which can be illustrated in the verses of the Sanskrit Dharmapada which expressed that “evil should be prevented to be able to avoid sufferings” and there is no place a person can hide to be safe from karma. This is according to the verses that expressed that “not in the sky or in the ocean’s middle…where karma does not catch up with the culprit” (Conze 83).

These verses express the importance of karma in guiding the Buddhists in th...
6 Pages(1500 words)Assignment

War on Terror

It was characteristically used with a specific focus on radical Islamists along with al-Qaeda. Although the phrase is not formally used by the government of US President Barack Obama, it is still frequently used by political leaders, in the media and formally by some sections of government, like the United States Global War on Terrorism Service Medal.
It was with incredulity and fright that people across the world saw video recording of the terrorist assaults in the US during September 11, 2001 when the projectiles crashed into the World Trade Center towers and also smashed the Pentagon. This eventually led America to declare and wage a war on “terror”. Osama Bin Laden was finally captured and killed after a period...
8 Pages(2000 words)Research Paper
sponsored ads
We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.

Let us find you another Essay on topic The concept of 'Xeno-racism' in the context of the 'war against terror' for FREE!

Contact Us