StudentShare
Contact Us
Sign In / Sign Up for FREE
Search
Go to advanced search...

Reign of Terror in the French Revolution - Essay Example

Comments (0) Cite this document
Summary
The Reign of Terror is one of the saddest and darkest chapters in the history of France. It is because of the cruelty and the unparalleled fear it generated and because it involved annihilation of Frenchmen by Frenchmen. France was deeply divided: Girondists versus Jacobins, clergy versus anticlergy, monarchists versus republicans and each wanted to get the upper hand by hook or by crook and when the republicans , using mob power in the Fall of Bastille, the women's march to Versailles palace and the storming of the Tuilleries palace and thus ending the Bourbon monarchy, they made sure that France would be drenched in blood…
Download full paperFile format: .doc, available for editing
GRAB THE BEST PAPER94% of users find it useful
Reign of Terror in the French Revolution
Read TextPreview

Extract of sample "Reign of Terror in the French Revolution"

Download file to see previous pages The Reign of Terror was the piece de resistance of the French Revolution (1789-1799) and shook the whole of Europe especially Europe's surrounding monarchies. When the haze of smoke of violence settled down, more than 40,000 Frenchmen were guillotined and more died by brutal means such as drowning i.e. 3,500 were victims of mass drowning termed as noyades in Nantes1 and death by mob lynching. The most celebrated head shown to the jeering, cheering mob belonged to Queen Marie Antoinette, the daughter of Queen Maria Theresa of Austria and the sister of Holy Roman Emperor Leopold II. Earlier in that fateful year 1793, her husband, King Louis XVI was butchered via the guillotine for alleged crime of treason together with all those perceived to be "enemies of the revolution". The latter were either guillotined or mass executed by firing squad without due process of law2 . Most of the victims were those from
The Reign of Terror was also marked by dechristianization as Christianity was banned temporarily, a result of massive sentiment by the 'enragees' or extremists3 against the clergy for its special privileges such as the the right to tax the feudal estates via the 'dime'or tithe4, its political power (it possessed a third of the voting power of the Estates General) and its possession of untaxed vast landholdings all over France. In its stead, was established the revolutionary religion termed as the Cult of Reason. Hatred against the clergy even caused the Julian calendar to be flung aside in favor of the Republican calendar.5
The Reign of Terror also saw the ascendancy to power of the common people, the peasants, the working class and the disadvantaged who were radicalized by the hunger and famine, the widespread unemployment, the excessive consumption of the royalty in the Versailles palace6, the civic inequality produced by dispensation of special privileges to the aristocracy, the burden of feudal taxation and the surging inflation that went haywire to drive them to bare subsistence. When these sans-culottes' (literally without knee breaches) aspirations were amalgamated with the Mountains' (the radical Jacobins) resolution to abolish monarchy, we had the perfect formula for an explosive group that would ignite and power a radical revolution that would be unparalleled in its cruelty and brutality. This combination jumpstarted the Reign of Terror. By wresting control of the National Convention, which previously abolished the monarchy and convicted King Louis XVI and Queen Marie Antoinette, they were able to engineer an extermination of all the enemies of the republic , particularly the counter- ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
Cite this document
  • APA
  • MLA
  • CHICAGO
(“Reign of Terror in the French Revolution Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 2250 words”, n.d.)
Reign of Terror in the French Revolution Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 2250 words. Retrieved from https://studentshare.org/miscellaneous/1499130-reign-of-terror-in-the-french-revolution
(Reign of Terror in the French Revolution Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 2250 Words)
Reign of Terror in the French Revolution Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 2250 Words. https://studentshare.org/miscellaneous/1499130-reign-of-terror-in-the-french-revolution.
“Reign of Terror in the French Revolution Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 2250 Words”, n.d. https://studentshare.org/miscellaneous/1499130-reign-of-terror-in-the-french-revolution.
  • Cited: 0 times
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment or rate a document

CHECK THESE SAMPLES OF Reign of Terror in the French Revolution

The French Revolution: Impact of the Reign of Terror

...?The French Revolution: Impact of the Reign of Terror Background and Events The French revolution is perhaps one of the most significant events whichrevolutionized the modern world today. Although the French revolution did to some extend enlighten, signify freedom of speech and equality but it was not without its share of issues. The revolution, among other things, also highlights the result of the ignorance of the nobles and clergy of France; It all begins with Louis XVI, was one of those nobles, who was during that point in time facing a financial crisis and decreasing popularity among the people. In order to salvage some of the support of the masses he gave representation to the people of France and called upon the Estates General...
10 Pages(2500 words)Essay

French Revolution

... French Revolution The French revolution of 1789 is a great unchangeable event that saw the end to despotic rule of the Burbo dynasty, administration anarchy, unlimited monarchy and inefficiency of King Louis XVI. The French revolution of 1979 happened between 1787 and 1799, reaching the climax in 1789. This period was characterized by radical political and social upheavals. This was propelled by the American Revolutionary War, especially the ineptitude acts of King Louis XVI that enhanced frustrations among the French people. External threats propelled the revolution profoundly. This made the French revolution become the most important event in modern history as it was more radical than either the Dutch or American Revolutions...
4 Pages(1000 words)Essay

French revolution

... French revolution The French revolution also gets known as the revolution of 1789. It took place in France between the years of 1787 and 1789, reaching its first climax in 1789. The first changes that the revolution brought about was in 1789 and thus the revolution gets commonly referred to as the ‘revolution of 1789’ (Hunt 36). The revolution followed hot on the heels of the American Revolution that had preceded a decade earlier and changed the political and social dimension of Europe irreversibly. Various problems led to the revolution, however, the strict class system that placed the clergy and nobility among ordinary French citizens gets pinned down as the most decisive problem (Tackett 26). The revolution reached its climax in 1789...
5 Pages(1250 words)Essay

French Revolution

The new order, or at least the aim of the new order, was the establishment of a peoples' republic where private property is owned by the feudal lord is berated, religion does not play any role in politics or in the lives of the people and a general will is represented by a group of bourgeois leftists. Although when the revolution ended, France was ruled by an emperor, Napoleon Bonaparte.
If we look at 1789 France and try to determine the causes of the French Revolution, one fails to identify any decadence of its system. For instance, it was the largest, wealthiest and most powerful state in Western Europe. Its intellectuals led the Renaissance and then the Enlightenment era. French bourgeoisie was prosperous and well-establis...
20 Pages(5000 words)Essay

French Revolution

Very early in the course of activities that unfolded during the revolution, the revolution lost its impact. This can be supported and said on the basis of the fact that entities like Reign of Terror came into existence(Lutz and Lutz, 194).
Reign of terror, as the name would imply was one outright reactionary, and non elected entity. It was completely violent in its outlook and it worked on principles of revolt and reactionary mindset. Revolutionary measures and not evolutionary measures was the cry and manifesto of Reign of Terror.
The initial troubles faced by France in form of offensives by Prussia and Austria termed it another failure at hand, given the fact that the country and its people were faced with the problems f...
3 Pages(750 words)Essay

French revolution, social revolution

... French revolution The French revolution is a period covering the years 1789 to 1799 in the history of France. During this time, the monarchy and churches were overthrown and restructured respectively causing the rise to democracy and nationalism. Causes: France was hit by financial difficulties for over a century. The Louis XIV wars caused debts that grew after the wars fought in the 18th century. This wars caused affected even Britain, but they did not go bankrupt because, in Britain everyone paid tax including clergy and the nobles. In France, only the citizens paid tax. As a result, the government could not levy enough tax to fill in the deficit as the citizen’s anger grew. While the nobles got exempted, peasant with big chunks of land...
1 Pages(250 words)Essay

French Revolution

French Revolution Introduction French Revolution had colossal effect on entire Europe. This French revolution was a significant part of the western civilization. The western society was influenced by the developments that took place in Europe between eighteenth and nineteenth century. This particular essay will determine number of connections between socialism, liberalism, romanticism and other several events during 1789 and 1850.
Discussion
The development that took place in entire Europe during eighteenth and nineteenth century had a direct impact on Europe’s economy, social-life and culture. During this period of time western civilization had undergone several changes related to cultural and social developments. Several...
2 Pages(500 words)Essay

French Revolution

... to the discussion about the impact of foreign events on France during the period 1789-1906 because it includes an explanation of the roots of numerous crises, wars, and revolutions. Furthermore, the author discusses the cultural, economic, and social changes in France during the period, as well as France’s international relations. Marisa Linton, Robespierre and the Terror, History Today, Volume 56 Issue 8, 2006 Robespierre and the Terror by Marisa Linton is a readable discourse on contemporary terrorism based on French history. The author is Kingston University’s Reader in History and has written widely on 18th-century French culture and politics and the French Revolution. Vividly narrating the beginning of the Great Terror mobilised...
2 Pages(500 words)Coursework

The French Revolution: The Profession of Faith by Rousseau

To decipher the “rules I ought to prescribe myself in order to fulfill my destiny on earth according to the intention of Him who put me there”. Consistent with the rest of the text, Rousseau emphasizes the significance of honest sentiment and its interpretation to draw out theological truths.

The Priest explores four stages of theological inquiry. The first stage talks about our sense organs and their function. The next stage discusses God and his properties, while the third analyses our position in the universe and society. Finally, the fourth stage talks about how we should conduct our lives. The passage in the discussion is part of the narrative about the last stage.

Rousseau is constructing a...
6 Pages(1500 words)Assignment

Napolon III Emperor of the French

... election, it is useful to see that Napoleon III was elected for three main reasons: 1. His name was Napoleon. After the inglorious reign of the Bourgeois king Louis Philippe, the horrible reign of Charles X, and the tumultuous reign of Louis XVIII, the French people longed for the glory they had known so well in the days of Napoleon Bonaparte. Men of property saw him as a protector. 2. There had been a large socialist movement during the revolutions of 1848, and many people had feared for the security of their property. 3. He had a clear and published plan for running France, which was outlined in his two books (everything2.com, 2002). Emperor of the French In Nov., 1852, a new plebiscite overwhelmingly approved the establishment...
8 Pages(2000 words)Assignment

The Industrial Revolution: Burden of the Working Class

...The Industrial Revolution: Burden of the Working Introduction The economic, social, and political changes that took place during the IndustrialRevolution have been unmatched by any other period in history. It was beset by migration and urbanization. The role that employment played in the life of the working class was dramatically altered as Britain moved from an agrarian economy to a life centered around the modern mill. These changes would ultimately lead to the modern and postmodern society that we have today. These improvements would not have been possible without the mechanization that took place in the late 18th and early 19th centuries. But these improvements came at a cost. The changes were far from beneficial for the working class...
12 Pages(3000 words)Research Paper

Macro Economic Policies of the French and German Governments

In contrast, the Socialist Partys Ségolène Royal has made large spending promises which would cost, according to estimates by the Economist (2006), €49 billion per year by 2012. That is almost a third more than the expenditure planned by the current government, and there are questions as to whether the faltering French economy will be able to support such levels of expenditure.
In the three months to September 2006, the quarterly GDP growth rate was zero, when the Bank of France had forecast growth of half a percent. Many economists believe that the flat growth in the third quarter of the year was merely a correction from the 1.2% growth in the second quarter, a view that was born out by 0.7% growth in the...
11 Pages(2750 words)Assignment

The French New Wave

...The marvelous five directors that made the French New Wave were Francois Truffaut, Claude Chabrol, Eric Romer, Jacques Rivette and Jean- Luc Godard. Directors like Alain Resnais, Agnes Varda, Louis Malle and Chris Marker are also considered as belonging to the movement. But the above mentioned five formed a group of film critics who turned into film making later. The total energetic ambience for the new film movement was set by two great institutions in the history of French cinema ----Cahiers du cinema and The Cinematheque Francaise .Cahiers du Cinema is a militant journal for new film movement founded by the film theorist and critic Andre Bazin in 1950. He edited the journal until his death at the age of forty in 1958.All the five...
8 Pages(2000 words)Essay

Role of Facebook in the Arab Revolution

...Role of Facebook in Arab revolution Role of Facebook in Arab Revolution The influence of facebook in social life is increasing day by day. When it was introduced in 2004 by a former-Harvard student Mark Zuckerberg, nobody thought that it would affect global politics, economy, culture, communication etc as it does now. According to Marshable (2010), “facebook and its idea spread across the college campus within months from launching and at present it is the second largest social networking site, second only to my space as far as traffic is concerned” (Marshable, 2010). The ability of facebook in bringing politic and social changes was never in the distant dreams of Mark Zuckerberg. In fact facebook reveals the power of social media...
6 Pages(1500 words)Coursework

Understanding the Industrial Revolution: Its Causes and Consequences

...Understanding the Industrial Revolution: Its Causes and Consequences Essay of Introduction Eric Hobsbawm (1991) was not overstating when he proclaimed that “the Industrial Revolution marks the most fundamental transformation of human life in the history of the world recorded in written documents” (p. xi). Understanding the beginnings of modern society requires understanding the causes and consequences of the Industrial Revolution. This essay addresses the following questions: In what ways was the industrial revolution an international event—and why is this significant for understanding its causes and consequences? The Industrial Revolution: A Historical Analysis In contemporary history, Industrial Revolution is the course...
9 Pages(2250 words)Term Paper

Will the Revolution Be Tweeted

... of the of the Concerned 7 December Will the Revolution be tweeted? The political unrest and revolutions in the Middle East in the recent times have given way to much debate regarding the relevance of social media in political upheaval and activism. A number of experts and bodies of opinion are busy building theories around the role played by social media in Arab Spring Revolutions. The sad thing is that the audiences to which such discourses are targeted many a time fail to identify the stereotypical assumptions, agendas and biases underlying such debates. This is because most of the experts who are supportive of or are humble about the role of social media in revolutions, by default assume the persona of liberal and inclusive thinkers...
6 Pages(1500 words)Assignment

Youth in Cuban Anti-Revolution

... Youth in Cuban Anti-Revolution Approximately half a century has gone by since the beginning of the revolution in Cuba as it carries on to incite strong reactions, continuous mentions and opposing elucidations. The Sixties are equally controversial, as the historical heroes are challenged by researchers from the modern age group, who have a very cloudy commemoration of that era but still have went on to research and argue about the happenings in that historical time. The key factors that consolidate and connect the island of Cuba and the decade of the Sixties are matters surrounding the youth. The youth, the decade of 1960 and the Cuban Revolution are triple coordinates that this research will mainly focus on. However there will be focus...
8 Pages(2000 words)Case Study

Civil Liberties, Habeas Corpus, and the War on Terror

...Civil Liberties, Habeas Corpus, and the War on Terror al Affiliation Civil Liberties, Habeas Corpus, and the War on Terror Introduction Every citizen has basic rights enshrined in the constitution. It is the duty of government institution to ensure these rights are protected. The protections of these rights are aimed at ensuring equality within the justice system. The major concern has been the limitation of these rights. The rights for a fair trial are protected within the USA jurisdiction. However, the government deploys mechanism that places exceptions in within the constitution. The USA Naval base in Guantanamo is an example of the united state to fight war on terror without limitation caused by legal provision. The main concern over...
6 Pages(1500 words)Assignment
sponsored ads
We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.

Let us find you another Essay on topic Reign of Terror in the French Revolution for FREE!

Contact Us