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Australian Security in the 21st Century - Essay Example

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Globalisation, communication, technology, and new world economic realities have forged the nature of national security into a new definition, where old alliances and new security agreements race to keep pace. …
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Australian Security in the 21st Century
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Australian Security in the 21st Century

Download file to see previous pages... in East Asia must not only be capable of deterring a North Korean attack or a Chinese lunge across the Taiwan Strait, they must support the war on Islamic fundamentalist terror in Southeast and South Asia".2 In addition, China's role as a major world power, and its welcomed economic contribution, needs to be balanced against its military ambitions and intentions. Realist theorists have postulated the possibility that "the accompanying relative loss of power of the USA, and the possible decline in the importance of European nation states will lead to a renaissance in the power rivalries of great actors and possibly even to violent conflicts".3 All of these issues require a great deal of international cooperation and a series of evolving multilateral agreements.
The need for a multilateral security umbrella for Asia, Australia, and the US has been hindered by history, tradition, and the current political and economic climate. Currently, most security concerns are constructed as bilateral agreements between the US and the interested country. Historically, the US has acted as a hub with a number of bilateral spokes, whose participation comes about through their interaction with the US. The history of Australia and Japan still lingers from the remnants of World War II and had created some issues of trust and cooperation. According Jain, "Until the end of the Cold War in the early 1990s, most links between Australia and Japan that concerned national security were largely indirect (via the United States, through the US/Japan Security Treaty and the ANZUS alliance)".4 In addition, Australia receives a tepid welcome from ASEAN where it remains isolated as a dialogue member. The North Korean threat has been made more difficult by the popularity of the Korean unification agenda...
Australian Security in the 21st Century

Its European ties and Western culture operates in the shadow of China's economic influence and the US hegemonic military might. Asia needs the defence force of the US, but has numerous internal and external tensions that make multilateral security agreements temporary and tenuous at best. As we move into the 21st century, the US will continue to provide a significant security presence in Asia, while Australia, faced with a rapidly changing political and economic landscape, will need to rely on an ever-changing series of ad-hoc multilateral security arrangements.

The end of the Cold War finalized the polarized concept of two super powers with strict allegiances across the globe, and ushered in a new wave of security concerns that demand multilateralism. While the US is currently perceived as a hegemonic power, the nature of a global national security has diluted the resources of the US with their wars in Iraq and Afghanistan. The new threats to Asian security are terrorism, nuclear proliferation and the Korean issue, drug smuggling, piracy on the seas, illegal movement of immigrants and populations, and the looming threats of the ambitions of India and China.

No nation in the region can afford to create hostilities with China, and the concerns of North Korea and Taiwan must be handed with diplomatic care and steadfast commitment. Australia, led by the US military, will continue to court China as it is drawn into the Asian Community. ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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