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Paraphrase - Essay Example

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In terms of the number of casualties and the economic effects, one thing, that has been a big concern to public health, is illness caused or transmitted through food. According to the Centre for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), cases reported indicate that about 48 million…
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Download file to see previous pages Over the past two decades, there has been a rapid increase in outbreaks of foodborne illnesses and other cases that are due to fresh produce. Estimates show that produce accounts for about 20 million illnesses in the US, which is about 24% (Farber, Crichton, and Snyder, 2014). That leads to an estimated cost of $38.6 Billion every year. In the 1970s, produce rarely earned recognition as a major vessel of outbreaks and cases of illnesses in the US. It only accounted for 0.7% of the outbreaks and 1% of cases of the illnesses. However, due to increased evidence, the numbers increased in the 1990s and produce now accounted for about 6% and 12%. Between 1990 and 2003, there was a further increase and the estimates in the US were now 16% of outbreaks and 30% of total cases. Some estimates also indicate that between the year 1990 and 2005 produce accounted for about 13% of all outbreaks of illnesses and 21% of the cases in the US. Using a more recent interval from 1998 to 2007, the estimates show that produce accounts for about 14.8% of the outbreaks and 22.8% of all cases of foodborne illnesses that occurred in the US. Produce, which includes fruits, vegetables and salads contributed to about 111, 228 and 345 illness outbreaks respectively (Farber, Crichton, and Snyder, 2014). Of the illnesses reported, vegetables and salads contributed the largest number of illnesses. That was about 11,200 illnesses caused by each of the two categories.
According to an analysis of data concerning outbreaks in the US for the period between 1988 and 2008, on average, the illness outbreaks caused by produce amount to between 6.3 and 13.2 per year. In recent times, leafy greens contribute to a third of the outbreaks. Reports indicate that in Canada, produce accounted for 15 outbreaks for the period between 1991 and 2000. The cases due to foodborne illness in that period were about 1360 (Farber, Crichton, and Snyder, 2014).
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