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Pulmonary Tuberculosis: Its Symptoms and Treatment - Case Study Example

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This essay is being carried out to explore the case of the patient with “pulmonary tuberculosis”. According to the research, the patient was suffering from fever up to 39oC, night sweats, and malaise and also had a history of progressive weakness…
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Pulmonary Tuberculosis: Its Symptoms and Treatment
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Download file to see previous pages This paper illustrates that pulmonary tuberculosis is caused by Mycobacterium tuberculosis. Mostly tuberculosis is transmitted to individuals by respiratory droplets but some people develop active tuberculosis disease after infection. The rate of progression of the disease is much higher in immunocompromised individuals. According to the case study, the person is a refugee from Afghanistan. Hence the chance of causing disease is more with him. Sputum smear microscopy, culture, and serological tests are the other methods used for detection of the disease. The sensitivity and specificity of culture are quite high. Cultures allow speciation, drug-susceptibility testing, and genotyping for epidemiologic purposes. Therefore, all specimens should be cultured. Culture media used include solid media (egg-based media and agar-based media) and liquid media. TK Medium uses multiple-color dye indicators to identify M. tuberculosis rapidly. The diagnosis can also be made by the direct microscopy, using carbolfuchsin stain and/or fluorochrome stain. It is a rapid method but lacks sufficient sensitivity and specificity. Vaccination is a better way to prevent this disease. BCG vaccination is the most commonly used preventive measure. It is administered at a dose of 0.05 mg BCG diluted in 0.1 ml of serum. Treatment with appropriate drugs is the only effective way to cure tuberculosis. Isoniazid, rifampicin, pyrazinamide, and ethambutol are mostly used. A combination of these drugs is recommended. Pulmonary tuberculosis is more widely seen present in patients who are HIV positive. ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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