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Description of 5 microbial diseases - Essay Example

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Its primary functions include maintaining equilibrium of the intestinal flora, inhibiting production of toxins like nitrosamines, altering the composition of intestinal gases and…
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Description of 5 microbial diseases
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Download file to see previous pages B. bifidum produces vitamins like B6, B9 and B12 – a deficiency of these vitamins may lead to anemia.
Bifidobacterium longum : Most of this bacteria is found in the colon but it also inhabits the stomach. It contributes to our organism by helping maintain equilibrium of intestinal flora, preventing intestinal tumors, and increasing the availability of food nutrients.
Lactobacillus rhamnosus: This bacteria is known for its ability to survive under harsh conditions in the digestive system and urinary tract. It can help the organism fight against inflammation and infections by increasing virus and “bad” bacteria resistance. It is believed that L. rhamnosus helps the prevention of allergies and intestinal hypersensitivity.
Bacillus coagulans: This gram-positive bacteria helps improve the vaginal flora, reliefs abdominal pain and bloating in people who suffer from Irritable Bowel Syndrome, and increases immune responses against viruses.
Leprosy, also known as Hansens disease (HD), is a chronic intracellular bacterial infectious disease caused by a microorganism that mainly targets the skin and peripheral nerves. This disease has a sad past because people who had it were usually discriminated against and isolated from society. Today, however, it can be treated and cured.
It is transmitted from one person to another. The contaminated germs can be expelled from one person through the mouth and inhaled by another individual, penetrating the nasal mucosa. The microorganism can also enter the body through open wounds in the skin. In this case, intimate and prolonged contact is necessary. That is why it is very important that family members of the individual diagnosed with leprosy be tested for the disease.
The form that HD will be manifested will depend on the host immune response to the bacillus that causes the disease. Leprosy can be classified in five different forms from mild to severe: Indeterminate leprosy ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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