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Chronic Condition: Experiencing Diabetes - Case Study Example

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This case study shall describe the case of Ronald, a 73-year-old male patient who recently underwent partial hip arthroplasty to repair his right hip fracture. The study would first briefly define and describe Type II diabetes then discuss the experience of the patient’s diabetes.
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Chronic Condition: Experiencing Diabetes
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Download file to see previous pages Diabetes is a chronic disease that is currently affecting about 300 million people around the world. In fact, in 2004, about 3.4 million died from afflictions related to this disease. About 80% of these deaths have been seen in the poorer and middle-income states and these deaths are seen to double by the year 2030 (WHO, 2011). According to the World Health Organization (2011), diabetes is a “chronic disease that occurs when the pancreas does not produce enough insulin, or when the body cannot effectively use the insulin it produces”. This condition then leads to increased blood sugar or hyperglycemia which, if uncontrolled, can eventually cause serious damage to the body’s nerves and blood vessels. This disease is classified into type I, which is insulin-dependent diabetes with the body’s inability to produce enough insulin for normal functioning; and to type II diabetes or non-insulin dependent diabetes which is basically the body’s ineffective use of insulin (WHO, 2011). Type II is the more common type of diabetes and is the type that is currently affecting Ronald. And despite the ominous gravity of this disease on the human body, it is, however, a preventable, if not a curable illness.
Ronald was first diagnosed with diabetes at the age of 57. He recalls the initial symptoms which he felt before seeking consult included: excessive thirst, excessive urination, malaise, dizziness, constant hunger, and blurry vision. His visit with his GP who ordered diagnostic tests revealed that he had Type II diabetes, with elevated blood sugar levels three times the normal limit. He was further referred to a specialist who prescribed insulin for three months, and oral medications to reduce blood sugar levels. He was also given anti-hypertensives to manage his elevated blood pressure. He was also prompted to control his diet to promote weight loss and reduced blood sugar levels. Two weeks prior to consulting, he slipped on the bathroom floor and broke his right hip. He immediately underwent partial hip arthroplasty to correct the fracture and to regain his mobility.  ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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