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Research Methodology - Essay Example

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The work called "Research Methodology" describes the processes and methods involved in data collection and data analysis and the overall philosophical approach of the research work. From this work, it is clear the six stages of the research work, the main strategies, using statistical tools…
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Research Methodology
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Download file to see previous pages The research philosophy focuses on the philosophical outlook of the researcher that influences the research work. The research philosophy determines the path in which the research work will be pursued. It can be roughly divided into two segments, the Objectivist approach and Subjectivist approach. The objective approach is associated with the quantities research approach and it focuses on positivism, scientific study, and experimentalism. On the other hand, the subjective approach is focused on qualitative, interpretivism, and voluntarism.
This research work is based on the positivist approach where the research philosophy is strictly objectivist in nature. The positivism paradigm suggests that only the factual information is worthy of consideration for any research work. Positivism also indicates that the role of the researcher is quite limited to the collection of raw data and its objective interpretation. There is no room for personal judgment or personal biases. This principle is solely dependent on the quantifiable observation which requires statistical analysis to extract the required information to answer the research questions (Ryan 2006).
In a positivist approach, the researcher or observer who is conducting the research work is independent of the observation. He does not interact in any way with the observation process. The choice of study of research work is based on the “objective criteria” rather than on personal beliefs and interests. It studies the fundamental laws of human behavior and how it is related to the topic of study rather than focusing on what is going on. The concept of the study needs to be “operationalized” so that it can be easy so that it can be easily interpreted in terms of quantitative figures. The overall positivism approach is based on a set of predefined rules and definitions and follows an unbiased and impersonal voice. The positivism approach has allowed the researcher to proceed in a mechanistic approach of assessing the corporate social performance of different firms and industries. This approach will remove the room for any personal biases which as a result will yield results of higher quantitative accuracy. ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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