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Methods of Qualitative Research There are three main methods by which qualitative research is carried out that is personal or group observation, in- depth interviews and focus group. All these three methods contain unstructured and structured questions and based on reactions and experiences the results are estimated (Mack and Woodsong 2005). Uses of Qualitative Research Qualitative research is used in a specific format to give a complete idea of the study. This formatting helps the researcher in formulating surveys and questions in a manner that the right results can be achieved for the inquiry. Since qualitative research is focused on feelings and experiences so it is important that the questions formulated relate to the research and so do the answers (FHI 360 2011). So it is important to carry out a formative research. You can also refine your findings through formative research and avoid response bias by creating different sort of questions that people don’t hesitate to answer and give explanations more freely rather than an atypical answer. Qualitative researches also tend to validate the whole research in a way that the information collected verifies the numerical data collected (FHI 360 2011). Social and economic factors are included in qualitative research that helps in justifying results and providing long lasting analysis to the study. This form of research is advantageous for experimental and investigation research topics because unstructured questioning opens up new eras of research and a better understanding of the problem is reached by the researcher (FHI 360 2011). Subjects and topics that have no previous study or research can also be explored well in detail through in depth interviews by...
There are two main forms of research that are being carried out currently in the field of research and development. These are the qualitative and quantitative researches. Qualitative and quantitative researches are two different approaches that deal with each aspect of the concerned study in a different perspective. The methods and techniques adopted for each category is also different and this term paper discusses both the researches in details and their link to digital information. The interpretation of the results collected also varies according to the researcher due to diversity and complexity of views. Qualitative research and quantitative research are two different aspects of research and each differs from the other. Qualitative research is all based on intangible things and hypothesis. This research focuses more on understanding experiences. Quantitative research on the other hand involves two variables, an independent variable and a dependant variable. Qualitative research is objective in nature and involves numerical figures and data. Quantitative research involves all forms of sampling and data is collected in the form of statistical figures. Structured interviews, surveys and questionnaires are a perfect example of quantitative research.Quantitative research can be conducted using digital recording systems and online platforms for the purpose. These systems help in repeating the information or data recorded earlier in clear quality and analyzing data.
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2002). In this context it has been revealed that methods, which have been considered as having major differences, can be combined, under certain terms, increasing the chances of success of the research developed for a particular study. Current paper focuses on the differences between the qualitative and the quantitative research methods, as two key research methodologies.
Qualitative research considers the holistic aspect of a phenomenon, including its macro and microeconomic aspects in addition to social, political, institutional and technological contexts. The qualitative researcher is mainly concerned with understanding the fundamentals, the process and context of the problem.
The author describes Quantitative Research as ‘the method which investigates the why and how of decision making, not just what, where and when’. It was noted that qualitative research presents data in language form which is gathered from the study area. In qualitative research, it is thought that the researcher can learn the most by participating.
The essay will also include issues such as ontology, and epistemology in identifying the strengths, weaknesses of both qualitative and quantitative research methods. Several studies have been done in the field of health sciences to establish different aspects of health inequalities.
In this methodology, a hypothesis is arrived at and research is conducted to prove or disprove the theory put forth. The main draw back in using the quantitative approach in the research is the inflexibility of the methodology itself. Although it does have a long standing tradition, the quantitative research perspective will not allow me the depth required in seeking out answers to emerging questions in this newly, uncharted area".
According to the pape the crucial nature of research lies in its objective of creating new knowledge in a field. This is done through a process of systematic enquiry overseen by scientific principles. The principles differ in accordance to the specific science or discipline in which the research is undertaken. So, nursing research is research that goes into those aspects of professional activity which are predominantly and appropriately the concern and responsibility of nurses.
Moreover, research studies in the human science fields; such as health and social sciences, not only refine and add to what is already known in theory and practice, it also empowers the professional to capably foresee and manage the complex and constantly changing challenges facing these professions, considering the changing conditions of the human beings (Laws and Marcus, 2003).
etc. The focal point of this research is based the socially-developed nature of reality thus the researchers come-up with a situation-confined “Statement of Problem”. Researchers seek in-depth answers to “How” and not “What”. Therefore, a qualitative
One of the outstanding differences between qualitative and quantitative research is the fact that it adopts an exploratory nature in a bid to help researchers construct theoretical propositions, while these propositions are tested using quantitative research. Qualitative research is significant in the initial phase of research.
Therefore, for researcher to express their data they can either use quantitative or qualitative data. By so doing, they manage to find various facts in relation to their subject matter. Quantitative data is the information that
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