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Evolution of Management Principles - Essay Example

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According to the research findings of the paper "Evolution of Management Principles," the management research and practice continues to evolve new approaches to the study of the management. The more integrated the approach the better purpose will it serve in day to day practical affairs of management…
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Download file to see previous pages Niccolo Machiavelli wrote The Prince in 1513 in which the city of Florence, Italy is advised that leaders use fear and not hatred to maintain control. Church and military contributed to his school of management thought (media view).
Management ideas were also developed in China, Greek and Roman empires in the Middle Ages. Venice which was known for its fighting and production facilities has been found to have used assembly line techniques to outfit battleships to go to wars during the 15th Century. There was a facility in which ten ships could be completely outfitted and sent to sea within a few hours.
Adam Smith wrote The Wealth of Nations in 1776 which aims for efficient organization of work through the specialization of labour. He described how changes in processes could boost productivity in the manufacture of pins. While individuals could produce 200 pins per day, with 10 specialists the production was 48,000 pins per day!
F.W. Taylors scientific management theory states that if the amount of time and effort that each worker expends to produce a unit of output can be reduced by increasing specialization and division of labour; the production process will become more efficient (Montana & Charnov, 2008).
Ford achieved the right mix of worker task specialization. Franklin motor company redesigned the work process using scientific management principles and production increased from 100 cars a month to 45 cars a day.
Behavioural Management school in this era is the study of how managers should behave to motivate employees and encourage them to perform at high levels and be committed to the achievement of organizational goals. Mary Parker Follett advocated the interaction of management and workers. Her work contrasted with the scientific management of F.W. Taylor. She integrated the idea of organizational conflict into management theory. She differentiated coercive power from participative decision making. She was of the view that authority should go with knowledge. She wanted workers' involvement in job analysis and work development process. Managers of the different department should communicate with each other directly. ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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Evolution of Management Principles Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1500 words - 1. https://studentshare.org/management/1753031-trace-the-evolution-of-management-principle-from-the-classical-school-to-the-present-comparecontrast-and-relate-one-or-more-of-the-different-schools-of-management-theory-and-management-practices-in-the-students-own-current-work-environment
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