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From the Communist Regime to Democracy - Term Paper Example

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In this paper, the author will take up The Spirit of Democracy by Larry Diamond and Pax Democratic, a Strategy for The 21st Century by James Robert Huntley. And also the author will take up three main issues individually to study the transformation process…
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From the Communist Regime to Democracy
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Download file to see previous pages Post the fall of Kádár’s communist regime in Hungary, in parliamentary elections of May 1994, the Hungarian Socialist Party regained a majority in the elections and named its leader, Gyula Horn as prime minister.  In Poland in the 1989 elections communism faced straight defeat when Solidarity became the major winner, winning 100 out of 99 seats.  Bulgaria embarked on the transition with the 1991 elections when Zhelyu Zhelev won the elections.  Even though in Romania the 1990 elections were an official retreat from communism in June when anti-government protests were brutally suppressed, it brought a gory face of the elected party (which still consisted mainly of communists).  Ion Iliescu won the re-election in October 1992 and a new government was formed by Democratic National Salvation Front (DNSF).
     With the start of the new regimes in the regions, the process to acknowledge the principles and demands of democracy completely remained a long process in all the four countries.  It would be appropriate to say that Romania had the worst experience of all with the initial step turning out to be a failure itself.  Hungary was rather progressive when compared to the other three countries.  
        As said before a political system is not just the change of parties and leaders with each election but also includes the people who choose the government in the first place.  The path ahead for the parties was not easy in all the four countries with people seeking a quick way out of the difficult economic situation in the regions.  There were problems in all the four countries but what made the democracy a success in Hungary, while Romania kept slogging behind was the attitude of the people.  This constant support also led to better proposals from the government like privatization of companies and other measures.  However, there were some problems like a scandal involving illegal payments, which resulted in the resignation of the minister for privatization, trade, and industry, Tamas Suchman, and the entire board of the Hungarian State Privatization and Holding Company (APV), in October 1996.  ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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