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Why did communist governments rapidly collapse throughout Europe during the late 1980s and early 1990s - Essay Example

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Communist regimes in diverse states of Europe despite their domination, they lacked adequate support from the majority. This lack of support was also evident from other influential global states that had vested interests in Europe besides being afraid of Soviet’s expansive domination…
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Why did communist governments rapidly collapse throughout Europe during the late 1980s and early 1990s
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Why did communist governments rapidly collapse throughout Europe during the late 1980s and early 1990s

Download file to see previous pages... For instance, US which eventually supported Europe by pushing for democracy with the intention of overthrowing Soviet’s autocratic leadership. The US gained support from the people though its intervention did not help much in liberation of the majority. However, their “diplomatic” intervention contributed immensely to the communism’s collapse by interfering with its (soviet) leadership. This is evident with the then period’s Reagan doctrine whose core purpose encompassed aiding anticommunist movements. Reagan in his quest to thwart communist’s threats and safeguard US’s interests, he embarked on constructive peacetime strategy that up to date comprise the world’s history. Consequently, this led to signing of subsequent treaties with Soviet aimed at both reducing and shunning any intentions of launching nuclear missiles either in space or land-based (Louka 353). Since, they were detrimental to humanity’s existence (Louka 353). This was Reagan’s rapport to destabilize and weaken states that seemed hostile to US’ interests. Therefore, this intervention besides other varied strategies by US undercover utterly rendered Soviet’s regime extremely weak to the extent of not being able to subdue states, which it had conquered. Since, they continued to receive support from outside in form of establishing movements, for instance, Poland’s Solidarity Trade union (Shevel 228). Solidarity in Poland acted as an umbrella of all anticommunist movements in the country whereby its action was immense to the then incumbent regime. Gradually, these Round The table negotiations and strong oppositions emanating from demonstrating workers or movements in varied states led to the collapse of communist system (Shevel 228). Another reason was due to the emergency of nationalism, which not only acted as a democratic project but also an anticommunist force. Nationalism received an immense support especially by numerous Communist dominated states that were in quest of liberty and evading Marxist theory. This was democratization process, which received support both from citizens and Polish Catholic Church whereby the latter rejected Soviet way of governance (Muehlenbeck 248). This is because almost all other religions in the state were under the control of Soviet except catholic church that assumed a unique position, hence resulted to offering support to the varied anticommunist movements (nationalism being one of them) (Muehlenbeck 248). Hence, actions of both nationalism and Polish Catholic Church against communist acted as an example to other states that were under the dominion of soviet, which also adopted the same agitation (Muehlenbeck 248). Communist governments in Europe lacked proper strategies both for infrastructure and economic reinvestment. The mainstream regime instead emphasized on military power with the intention of thwarting threats from other global states that showed interests in Europe, for instance, US. Poor economic investment yielded to numerous demonstrations especially by workers who cited they were experiencing underpayment besides other varied bad conditions while working. Hence, prompting citizens and powerful movements translate the presence of soviet in Europe did not have any significant impact but to dehumanize the ordinary people. Inadequate economic investment emanated from self-interests that characterized the leaders of the day besides the mainstream soviet regime instead of elevating the ordinary. This fueled the aspect of quick democratization in all states; Poland acting as an example that successfully managed to defy communism (Muehlenbeck 248). ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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