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The Contrast Between Individualistic And Collective Approaches - Coursework Example

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This study "The Contrast Between Individualistic And Collective Approaches" discusses how in workplaces where the employees are represented by a trade union, the compensation that the employee receives in return for his work, is determined through the collective bargaining process…
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The Contrast Between Individualistic And Collective Approaches
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Download file to see previous pages  Not only in respect to employment relations, but also in other areas such as community activities, home, family, and even in nature, cooperative behaviors, collective interests and orientations play a part. Contrastingly, individualism refers to “the extent to which interests, orientations, and behaviors are based on predominantly individual rather than predominantly group reference points” (Peetz: 6). Decisions are based solely on self-interest, and no other person is taken into consideration. In practice, a combination of individualism and collectivism in attitudes and behavior are manifested by people. Individualism and collectivism are two extremes in the range of approaches in the management of employment relations; they are two possibilities on a continuum of various combinations of the two concepts, rather than the only two possibilities.
The purpose of this paper is to compare and contrast the individualistic and collectivistic approaches to the management of employment relations. Further, the importance of the public policy framework and the part played by trade unions will be included.
Employment relations are undertaken by centralized personnel departments of organizations and pertain to employee management in areas such as handling grievances, recruiting or selecting employees, equal opportunities, staffing or manpower planning, training employees, health and safety, performance appraisals, conditions of employment, and systems of payment. Two separate dimensions of management style are identified; these are individualism and collectivism. Individualism is the extent to which the firm gives credence to the feelings and sentiments of each employee, and “seeks to develop each employee’s capacity and role at work”. ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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