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Evaluation of Methods and Methodologies - Essay Example

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This essay "Evaluation of Methods and Methodologies" analyzes different methods and methodologies which have to be used to establish the validity of a hypothesis in management studies…
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Evaluation of Methods and Methodologies
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Download file to see previous pages In such situations, case studies, surveys, interviews and observation methods of research are often far more useful. Even amongst the variety of methods that are available to a researcher, a careful selection has to be made as to the appropriateness and the validity of a research method before it is used to test a hypothesis. Even then, questions can be generated regarding the study and several different studies using a multitude of methods may need to be applied before a relatively firm conclusion can be made regarding a topic.
Bullying is one topic which one would think is confined to the schoolyard and not seen in the corporate world however, as the research shows, it is very much present. Before we discuss the methods used by various researchers it is important to understand the various approaches that can be used for management related research and the underlying philosophies associated with their natures. In terms of the research on this topic, two main philosophies can be observed i.e. Positivist and Interpretivist.
The basic premise of the positivist philosophy is that there is an objective truth that can be completely understood from the elements which surround us in any given problem. This revelation can only come when we apply the scientific method to judge and evaluate relationships between sets of variables using systematic and statistically sound approaches. The approach itself has to be empirical and grounded in scientific principles for accurate measurement of both obvious and hidden relationships.
Since a large part of the Positivist approach concerns itself with the measurement and comparisons between different relationships, the main focus of the approach and the research methods is on quantification. For instance, to study the case of bullying in the workplace, the researchers could look at the intensity of bullying and assign its numerical values, they can assess the number of times an employee felt bullied. ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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