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Are organizations rational - Essay Example

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Simon. Simon has used the term rational in different ways that vary on the basis of the extent of his analysis. For example, on one hand, Simon has used rationality in the context of the rationality of…
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Are organizations rational
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Download file to see previous pages 490). Efficiency itself is a fundamental necessity of an organization both for the top management and the organizational workers. The theory of administration is “concerned with how an organization should be constructed to accomplish its work efficiently” (Davis, 1996).
There are two important elements in a rational organization i.e. goals’ specificity, and formalization. Specificity of goals establishes allocation of resources by laying out rules and regulations for specific activities so that they can be accomplished in a regulated manner. Formalization, on the other hand, is a strategy of standardizing behavior of the organizational personnel. If these two elements are present in an organization, top management can form stable expectations from the organizational personnel and a rational organizational system comes into being. Dr. Frederick Winslow Taylor tried to rationalize organizational personnel by analyzing the ways in which the amount of output can be maximized with the minimal use of resources (Montemurro, n.d., p. 2). Some ways in which this can be achieved include distribution of work responsibilities between workers and managers, establishment of incentive system on the basis of performance, scientific training of workers, development of science for the responsibilities of each worker, and timely achievement of goals on the part of all workers. Taylor thinks that if the efficiency of the organizational personnel is increased in the scientific manger, this would not just increase opportunities for them to get more work, but would also play a role in improving the quality of life. Some problems that surface out of scientific management include workers’ tendency to rebel against the mundaneness in a standardized system, and workers’ tendency to reject the incentive system because of the need to show optimal productivity ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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